The aging of the U.S. population resulted from increased life expectancy and a decrease in birth rates. In 1900, about 4% of the U.S. population was over age 65. By 1980, that number rose to about 11%. In 2005, approximately 13% of the population was age 65 or over. According to Census Bureau projections, about 20% of the population will be at least age 65 by 2050.
The study of aging and older people. Social gerontology , is the study of the social (nonphysical) aspects of aging, including such topics as the societal consequences of an aging population and the personal experience of aging
Kendall Text is lacking in terms of the information about and the manner in which she presents the population Statistics about the United States of America. On pg. 334 she makes a passing reference to the black population; saying it represents 13% of the total U.S. Population; Moreover, she in turn cites on pg. 339, the Latino population consists of 42 million
The nation’s elderly population—people ages 65 and older—will grow to 81 million in 2050, up from 37 million in 2005. This group will grow more rapidly than the overall population, so its share will increase to 19% in 2050, from 12% in 2005. (Figure 7) Immigration will account for only a small part of that growth.
The dependency ratio—the number of people of working age, compared with the number of young and elderly—will rise sharply, mainly because of growth in the elderly population. There were 59 children and elderly people per 100 adults of working age in 2005. That will rise to 72 dependents per 100 adults of working age in 2050. (Figure 8)
Hispanic. The nation’s Hispanic population, numbering 42 million and accounting for 14% of U.S. residents in 2005, would grow sharply under all immigration scenarios. Under the baseline projection, it would more than triple by 2050, reaching 128 million, or 29% of the total population. Even under a lower-immigration scenario, the Hispanic population would more than double, reaching 98 million in 2050, or 26% of all U.S. residents. Under the higher-immigration alternative, the Latino population would increase to 159 million in 2050, or 32% of total residents.
This trend greatly impacts Social Security Program
E S S A Y Q U E S T I O N
There are a number of significant demographic trends (i.e., population shifts) extant in the U.S. which is altering the population mix in the U.S. Discuss 3 of these major trends; addressing 1 salient cause of and 1 major social consequence for each of these 3 trends.
People living where there are high levels of poverty and crime, or in remote rural areas have greater difficulty getting health care because most doctors prefer to locate their practice in a “safe” area.
Although rural Americans make up 20% of the U.S. population, only 9% of the nation’s physicians practice in rural areas.
How Much Do You Know About Aging and Age-Based Discrimination?
True or False?
Most older persons are economically secure today as a result of Social Security, Medicare, and pensions.
Although some older persons are economically secure, persons who rely solely on Social Security, Medicare, and/or pensions tend to live on low, fixed incomes that do not adequately meet their needs. A number live below the official poverty line.
Although the vast majority of motor vehicle accidents are caused by younger drivers, when drivers in their 70s or 80s are involved in major accidents, widespread media coverage typically focuses on the driver’s age.
The acute phase, characterized by the expression of maximum anxiety or fear.
The chronic phase, characterized by a decline in anxiety as the person confronts reality.
The terminal phase, characterized by the dying person’s withdrawal from others.
U.S. Population Projections: 2005–2050 Jeffrey S. Passel and D’Vera Cohn Pew Research Center Monday, February 11, 2008 pewhispanic.org/files/reports/85.pdf -
Dependency Ratio The dependency ratio is a demographic and economic indicator that compares the size of non-working-age groups—children and the elderly—with that of the working-age population.6 A higher number of elderly or children relative to the number of workers translates into higher costs per worker to pay for all government programs, including those targeted at the young and old such as schools and Social Security. In 2005, there were 59 elderly people and children for every 100 Americans of working ages. In 2050, assuming current trends continue, that dependency ratio will rise to 72. The main reason for the increase is that the elderly population will grow more rapidly over the next four decades than the working-age population. Most of the increase in the number of elderly will occur by 2030 as the baby-boom generation enters the retirement years. The ratio of children to working-age people, on the other hand, will change little.
The elderly dependency ratio was 20 people ages 65 and over for every 100 people ages 18 to 64 in 2005. That ratio has risen slightly since 1960 (from 16 per 100) and will increase rapidly (to 32 per 100) until 2030, when the youngest of the baby boomers turns 66. The elderly dependency ratio will level off at 32 elderly per 100 people of working age through 2050.
A very different pattern emerges with regard to the child dependency ratio. It is projected to be stable in coming decades, at about 40 children for every 100 people of working age. The major driver of this ratio is not the level of immigration but the average number of children per woman, which is projected to change little in the future.
Working Ages. Turning to the impact of immigration on different age groups, the scenarios diverge markedly after 2030 for working-age adults. (Figure 24) The baseline projection is that the number of adults ages 18 to 64 will rise from 186 million in 2005 to 255 million in 2050. The working-age population, now 63% of the total, would decline to 58%.