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Sleep deprivation

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  • 1. objectives  Definition of terms  State the different stages of sleep  Cause of sleep deprivation  The different effects of sleep deprivation  Ways how to avoid sleep deprivation.
  • 2. Sleep  Is the state wherein the body and mind is at rest.  Is one of the most natural behaviors of a person.
  • 3. Stages of sleep
  • 4. Required sleep  Newborn baby sleeps for 16 hours a day  Young adult and adult people (19 to 30 years old) sleep for 8 hours or less.  Elder ones only sleep for 6 hours.
  • 5. Sleep deprivation  A chronic lack of sufficient restorative sleep.  Occurs when individual consistently does not get the minimum number of hours he or she needs at night in order to function at full power.
  • 6. Causes of sleep dep.  Side effects of medication  Living environment/situation  Social engagement  Studying (all nighters)  Caffeine  Stress
  • 7. Mind and body effects  Does more than leave an individual tired during the day: it can also have a dangerous effects on physical and mental health.
  • 8. Physical effects  Not getting enough sleep increases the risk of developing a number of illness includes:  Heart diseases  Diabetes  Decreases the function of Immune system making the person more susceptible to illnesses.
  • 9.  Another effects of sleep dep is weight gain and contribute to obesity  Studies found out that when a person is sleep deprived he or she has higher than normal levels of the hormone Gherlin.  Gherlin  Leptin  Combining an increased appetite with a decrease feeling of fullness leads to overeating, which in return leads to obesity.
  • 10. Mental effects  Thinks, act, and perform normal activities.  Will have problems with memory and concentration.
  • 11.  Experience emotion instability  Depression  Anxiety  Irritability  Problem solving is also difficult; individual may suffer:  Slow thinking reaction  Difficulty in concentration and understanding instruction  Forgetfulness, frequent error and mistake  Poor attentiveness or judgment in changing and complex situation
  • 12.  Avoid drinking:  Coffee  Soda  Energy drink  Students often turn to alcohol to relax after stressful classes or to prepare for bedtime. Do’s and dont’s
  • 13.  Drugs that college students may take that can affect sleep includes:  Diet pills  Illegal drugs, including cocaine  Nicotine  Oral contraceptives containing hormones  steroids
  • 14. Tips in avoiding sleep deprivation  Exercise Can help in establish healthy sleeping pattern and will make it easier to fall asleep at the end of the day. Expert recommended exercising at least 3 hours before sleep
  • 15.  Take naps  Expert recommended setting aside at least a few days after per week for a full night’s sleep.  It is recommended that people sleep and wake up the same time everyday in order to maintain a healthy sleep schedule.  Even if you can’t get 8 hours every night, getting 8 hours one or two days each week will help prevent long term health issues
  • 16.  Irritability  Tiredness  Stress cracker  Bad concentration  Strange appetite change  Drowsiness  Daytime sleepiness  Lack of tolerance Symptoms

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