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Sleep deprivation

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    Sleep deprivation Sleep deprivation Presentation Transcript

    • Lack of sleep: Causes and Effects of Sleep Deprivation
    • objectives
      • Definition of terms
      • State the different stages of sleep
      • Cause of sleep deprivation
      • The different effects of sleep deprivation
      • Ways how to avoid sleep deprivation.
    • Sleep
      • Is the state wherein the body and mind is at rest.
      • Is one of the most natural behaviors of a person .
    • Stages of sleep
    • Required sleep
      • Newborn baby sleeps for 16 hours a day
      • Young adult and adult people (19 to 30 years old) sleep for 8 hours or less.
      • Elder ones only sleep for 6 hours.
    • Sleep deprivation
      • A chronic lack of
      • sufficient restorative
      • sleep.
      • Occurs when individual consistently does not get the minimum number of hours he or she needs at night in order to function at full power.
    • Causes of sleep dep.
      • Side effects of medication
      • Living environment/situation
      • Social engagement
      • Studying (all nighters)
      • Caffeine
      • Stress
    • Mind and body effects
      • Does more than leave an individual tired during the day:
        • it can also have a dangerous effects on physical and mental health.
    • Physical effects
      • Not getting enough sleep increases the risk of developing a number of illness includes:
        • Heart diseases
        • Diabetes
      • Decreases the function of Immune system making the person more susceptible to illnesses.
      • Another effects of sleep dep is weight gain and contribute to obesity
      • Studies found out that when a person is sleep deprived he or she has higher than normal levels of the hormone Gherlin.
        • Gherlin
        • Leptin
      • Combining an increased appetite with a decrease feeling of fullness leads to overeating, which in return leads to obesity.
    • Mental effects
      • Thinks, act, and perform normal activities.
      • Will have problems with memory and concentration.
      • Experience emotion instability
        • Depression
        • Anxiety
        • Irritability
      • Problem solving is also difficult; individual may suffer:
        • Slow thinking reaction
        • Difficulty in concentration and understanding instruction
        • Forgetfulness, frequent error and mistake
        • Poor attentiveness or judgment in changing and complex situation
      • Avoid drinking:
        • Coffee
        • Soda
        • Energy drink
      • Students often turn to alcohol to relax after stressful classes or to prepare for bedtime.
      Do’s and dont’s
      • Drugs that college students may take that can affect sleep includes:
        • Diet pills
        • Illegal drugs, including cocaine
        • Nicotine
        • Oral contraceptives containing hormones
        • steroids
    • Tips in avoiding sleep deprivation
      • Exercise
        • Can help in establish healthy sleeping pattern and will make it easier to fall asleep at the end of the day.
        • Expert recommended exercising at least 3 hours before sleep
      • Take naps
      • Expert recommended setting aside at least a few days after per week for a full night’s sleep.
      • It is recommended that people sleep and wake up the same time everyday in order to maintain a healthy sleep schedule.
      • Even if you can’t get 8 hours every night, getting 8 hours one or two days each week will help prevent long term health issues
      • Irritability
      • Tiredness
      • Stress cracker
      • Bad concentration
      • Strange appetite change
      • Drowsiness
      • Daytime sleepiness
      • Lack of tolerance
      Symptoms