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    5 section 2 5 section 2 Presentation Transcript

    • Bell Ringer
      • Which President had a more forgiving reconstruction plan?
      • Why was his plan so loose?
    • Congressional Reconstruction
      • Black Codes:
        • Laws passed to restrict the rights of freedmen.
      • Land Restrictions
      • Curfews
      • Vagrancy laws
      • Labor contracts
    • 14 th Amendment
      • Congress is frustrated over the South’s resistance to Civil Rights so they take matters into their own hands.
      • Read the section titled “The Fourteenth Amendment” on page 207 in your text book and answer the following questions in your notes:
      • What did the 14 th Amendment do?
      • How are the 14 th Amendment and black codes related?
    • Radical Rule of the South
      • Radical Republicans thought Johnson’s treatment of the South was too generous.
      • Strict laws imposed on South (See pg 208)
        • Put South under military rule by districts.
        • Ordered Southern states to form new governments.
        • Required states to allow all men to vote.
        • Temporarily barred CSA supporters from voting.
        • Required states to guarantee equal rights for all.
        • Required all states to ratify the 14 th Amendment.
    •  
    • Congress vs. Johnson
      • Radical Republicans led by Charles Sumner (Guy who got caned)
      • Johnson wanted to fire Stanton, who was appointed to rule the Southern military zones.
        • This was against the rules! Senate must approve the firing!
      • Johnson impeached: Formally accused of wrong doing.
      • First President to be impeached.
    • Ulysses S. Grant
      • Grant elected in 1868.
      • Grant supported by Radical Republicans
      • President and Congress finally allies and not enemies.
    • 15 th Amendment
      • “ No citizen may be denied the right to vote by the United States, or any State, on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”
      • In other words: African Americans can vote now.
      • Why is this important to African Americans?
      • How will this impact US politics?
    • Electing Black Leaders
      • Thanks to the 15 th Amendment and military support, black citizens were able to vote in 1870.
      • Angry whites stayed home in protest.
      • 600 African Americans elected to state legislatures.
      • In SC, there was an African American majority!
      • Key Question: Why did most African Americans vote Republican?
    • The Republican South
      • Carpetbaggers: Northern Republicans who moved to the post-war South.
      • Scalawags: White Southern Republicans.
      • Both carpetbaggers and scalawags were criticized by former Confederate supporters.
    • Class Review
      • How were black codes and the 14 th Amendment related?
      • How did the Radical Republicans treat the South?
      • What does impeachment mean?
      • Which President was supported by the Radical Republicans?
      • What did the 15 th Amendment do for freed slaves?