5 section 2


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5 section 2

  1. 1. Bell Ringer <ul><li>Which President had a more forgiving reconstruction plan? </li></ul><ul><li>Why was his plan so loose? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Congressional Reconstruction <ul><li>Black Codes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Laws passed to restrict the rights of freedmen. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Land Restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>Curfews </li></ul><ul><li>Vagrancy laws </li></ul><ul><li>Labor contracts </li></ul>
  3. 3. 14 th Amendment <ul><li>Congress is frustrated over the South’s resistance to Civil Rights so they take matters into their own hands. </li></ul><ul><li>Read the section titled “The Fourteenth Amendment” on page 207 in your text book and answer the following questions in your notes: </li></ul><ul><li>What did the 14 th Amendment do? </li></ul><ul><li>How are the 14 th Amendment and black codes related? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Radical Rule of the South <ul><li>Radical Republicans thought Johnson’s treatment of the South was too generous. </li></ul><ul><li>Strict laws imposed on South (See pg 208) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Put South under military rule by districts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ordered Southern states to form new governments. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Required states to allow all men to vote. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Temporarily barred CSA supporters from voting. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Required states to guarantee equal rights for all. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Required all states to ratify the 14 th Amendment. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Congress vs. Johnson <ul><li>Radical Republicans led by Charles Sumner (Guy who got caned) </li></ul><ul><li>Johnson wanted to fire Stanton, who was appointed to rule the Southern military zones. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This was against the rules! Senate must approve the firing! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Johnson impeached: Formally accused of wrong doing. </li></ul><ul><li>First President to be impeached. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Ulysses S. Grant <ul><li>Grant elected in 1868. </li></ul><ul><li>Grant supported by Radical Republicans </li></ul><ul><li>President and Congress finally allies and not enemies. </li></ul>
  7. 8. 15 th Amendment <ul><li>“ No citizen may be denied the right to vote by the United States, or any State, on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.” </li></ul><ul><li>In other words: African Americans can vote now. </li></ul><ul><li>Why is this important to African Americans? </li></ul><ul><li>How will this impact US politics? </li></ul>
  8. 9. Electing Black Leaders <ul><li>Thanks to the 15 th Amendment and military support, black citizens were able to vote in 1870. </li></ul><ul><li>Angry whites stayed home in protest. </li></ul><ul><li>600 African Americans elected to state legislatures. </li></ul><ul><li>In SC, there was an African American majority! </li></ul><ul><li>Key Question: Why did most African Americans vote Republican? </li></ul>
  9. 10. The Republican South <ul><li>Carpetbaggers: Northern Republicans who moved to the post-war South. </li></ul><ul><li>Scalawags: White Southern Republicans. </li></ul><ul><li>Both carpetbaggers and scalawags were criticized by former Confederate supporters. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Class Review <ul><li>How were black codes and the 14 th Amendment related? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the Radical Republicans treat the South? </li></ul><ul><li>What does impeachment mean? </li></ul><ul><li>Which President was supported by the Radical Republicans? </li></ul><ul><li>What did the 15 th Amendment do for freed slaves? </li></ul>