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5 section 2 5 section 2 Presentation Transcript

  • Bell Ringer
    • Which President had a more forgiving reconstruction plan?
    • Why was his plan so loose?
  • Congressional Reconstruction
    • Black Codes:
      • Laws passed to restrict the rights of freedmen.
    • Land Restrictions
    • Curfews
    • Vagrancy laws
    • Labor contracts
  • 14 th Amendment
    • Congress is frustrated over the South’s resistance to Civil Rights so they take matters into their own hands.
    • Read the section titled “The Fourteenth Amendment” on page 207 in your text book and answer the following questions in your notes:
    • What did the 14 th Amendment do?
    • How are the 14 th Amendment and black codes related?
  • Radical Rule of the South
    • Radical Republicans thought Johnson’s treatment of the South was too generous.
    • Strict laws imposed on South (See pg 208)
      • Put South under military rule by districts.
      • Ordered Southern states to form new governments.
      • Required states to allow all men to vote.
      • Temporarily barred CSA supporters from voting.
      • Required states to guarantee equal rights for all.
      • Required all states to ratify the 14 th Amendment.
  •  
  • Congress vs. Johnson
    • Radical Republicans led by Charles Sumner (Guy who got caned)
    • Johnson wanted to fire Stanton, who was appointed to rule the Southern military zones.
      • This was against the rules! Senate must approve the firing!
    • Johnson impeached: Formally accused of wrong doing.
    • First President to be impeached.
  • Ulysses S. Grant
    • Grant elected in 1868.
    • Grant supported by Radical Republicans
    • President and Congress finally allies and not enemies.
  • 15 th Amendment
    • “ No citizen may be denied the right to vote by the United States, or any State, on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”
    • In other words: African Americans can vote now.
    • Why is this important to African Americans?
    • How will this impact US politics?
  • Electing Black Leaders
    • Thanks to the 15 th Amendment and military support, black citizens were able to vote in 1870.
    • Angry whites stayed home in protest.
    • 600 African Americans elected to state legislatures.
    • In SC, there was an African American majority!
    • Key Question: Why did most African Americans vote Republican?
  • The Republican South
    • Carpetbaggers: Northern Republicans who moved to the post-war South.
    • Scalawags: White Southern Republicans.
    • Both carpetbaggers and scalawags were criticized by former Confederate supporters.
  • Class Review
    • How were black codes and the 14 th Amendment related?
    • How did the Radical Republicans treat the South?
    • What does impeachment mean?
    • Which President was supported by the Radical Republicans?
    • What did the 15 th Amendment do for freed slaves?