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    4.4 4.4 Presentation Transcript

    • Bell Ringer
      • “ War is cruelty. There is no use trying to reform it. The crueler it is the sooner it will be over.” - William Tecumseh Sherman
      • How does this quote from Union general Sherman show a different philosophy from previous Union leaders?
    • Grant Takes Command
      • Ulysses S. Grant takes control of Union army in the East to fight Lee.
      • William Tecumseh Sherman given control of the Union west.
    • Battle of the Wilderness
      • Grant vs Lee in 2 day battle in the woods near Chancellorsville.
      • Confederate General Longstreet wounded by friendly fire.
      • Grant suffers heavy losses but keeps pushing South!
    • Spotsylvania and Cold Harbor
      • Grant keeps pushing south towards Richmond.
      • Suffers heavy losses at the Battle of Spotsylvania but keeps on going.
      • Grant loses 7,000 men on two charges at Battle of Cold Harbor, 8 miles from Richmond
    • Petersburg
      • Grant has lost 65,000 men since taking command.
      • Petersburg major railway station for Richmond.
      • Grant hopes to starve them out as Lee builds up defenses.
    • Key Questions
      • How is Grant’s style of command different from previous Union generals?
      • Do you think this philosophy will be more successful? Why or why not?
    • Sherman’s March
      • Sherman gets permission to march his 62,000 soldiers east to take Georgia.
      • After a long siege of Atlanta, CSA soldiers abandon the city.
        • Sherman burns down nearly half the city.
      • Sherman cuts a 300 mile path of destruction to Savannah and gives the city to Lincoln as a Xmas gift.
    • Sherman Moves North
      • Sherman’s men march North to meet Grant in Petersburg.
      • SC treated even more harshly than Georgia
        • Seen as the source of treason.
      • Private homes burned from Savannah to Columbia.
        • Total War
      • Destruction stopped at NC border.
    • Lincoln and the 13 th Amendment
      • Lincoln wins re-election in 1864 by beating out McClellan. (212 of 233 electoral votes)
      • 13 th Amendment passed after the election outlawing slavery.
    • Surrender at Appomattox Court House
      • Union forces were surrounding Lee from all sides and CSA lacked enough men to fight.
      • Lee and Grant meet to discuss surrender.
      • All Southern soldiers could take their horses and mules and return home.
    • Final Review
      • Why did Sherman’s men treat SC so harshly?
      • How was Sherman’s march different from previous Union strategies?
      • Who ran against Lincoln in the Election of 1864? What was the main issue of the election?
      • How did the Civil War end?