4.3

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4.3

  1. 1. Tide of War Turns Goal: Describe the events that turned the tide of the war for the North.
  2. 2. Bell Ringer <ul><li>Based on where we left off on Monday, who is winning the war so far? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the North’s goal to end the war? </li></ul><ul><li>Which General saved Richmond from McClellan? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Battle of Fredericksburg <ul><li>McClellan fired again and Burnside takes over. </li></ul><ul><li>Burnside marches straight for Richmond. </li></ul><ul><li>Union crossed river using special bridges. </li></ul><ul><li>Union loses 13,000 men to Jackson. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Burnside Resigns after the battle. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Chancellorsville <ul><li>“ Fighting Joe” Hooker replaces Burnside and sets off to attack the Confederates from behind. </li></ul><ul><li>Union soldiers spotted 10 miles from Fredericksburg by Stonewall Jackson. </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson’s men build hundreds of camp fires at night then retreat. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Chancellorsville <ul><li>Fighting took place in thick woods. </li></ul><ul><li>Lee fakes a retreat and sends half his men to attack the North from behind. </li></ul><ul><li>South wins, but Jackson dies from friendly fire. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Battle of Gettysburg <ul><li>Confederate troops move north in search of shoes and victory on Union soil. </li></ul>
  7. 7. July 1, 1863 <ul><li>Union and Confederate forces clash in the countryside surrounding Gettysburg, PA. </li></ul><ul><li>South wins day one and both sides take positions in the hills surrounding an open field. </li></ul>
  8. 8. July 2, 1863 <ul><li>Alabama soldiers move to take Little Round Top as an artillery hill. </li></ul><ul><li>Union reaches the hill first and fights off the Confederate troops with a bayonet charge. </li></ul><ul><li>Little Round Top key position for Union. </li></ul>
  9. 9. July 3, 1863 <ul><li>The last day of fighting began with a Confederate attack. </li></ul><ul><li>Pickett’s Charge: What happened? Read page 182 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>15,000 Confederates march toward Union line. Only a few hundred made it. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CSA Retreats; can no longer go on the offensive </li></ul>
  10. 10. Vicksburg <ul><li>Vicksburg protected Jackson MS from Union. </li></ul><ul><li>North lays siege to Vicksburg from MS River using boats and ground forces. </li></ul><ul><li>After weeks of starvation the Union takes control of Vicksburg </li></ul>
  11. 11. Gettysburg Address <ul><li>Page 185 in the Text </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated National Cemetery </li></ul>
  12. 12. Review Questions <ul><li>Who replaced McClellan after Antietam? </li></ul><ul><li>Which Southern General died after Chancellorsville? </li></ul><ul><li>Who led the failed charge that ended fighting at Gettysburg? </li></ul><ul><li>Why were Gettysburg and Vicksburg important victories for the North? </li></ul>

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