4.2

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4.2

  1. 1. <ul><li>Create 2 lists. One list should be battles won by the North, and one list should be battles won by the South. </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Confederate government was very similar to that of the Articles of Confederation. </li></ul><ul><li>State government’s held more power than federal government. </li></ul><ul><li>Main state’s right was slavery. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Confederate government begins draft. </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteers had 2 years added </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves confiscated by federal government for labor. </li></ul><ul><li>Government takes control of economy </li></ul><ul><li>CSA seeks European help </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>How do the steps taken by the South to prepare for war conflict with the idea of state’s rights? </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Tensions with Britain strained over relationship with CSA. </li></ul><ul><li>Republicans take control of US government. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Homestead Act- Gave land to settlers in the West </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transcontinental Railroad began </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased tariff to pay for the war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First ever income tax! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First national currency: Greenbacks </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Northern draft caused riots in New York City. </li></ul><ul><li>Democrats feared freed slaves would migrate North. </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln and Davis both initiate martial law. </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln censors newspapers and suspends Writ of Habeas corpus. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Lincoln declares slaves in rebellion territories all free on January 1, 1863. </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln did not believe he had the authority to abolish slavery, but knew it was necessary to win. </li></ul><ul><li>Proclamation did not end slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves freed as Union found them as contraband. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Emancipation Proclamation <ul><li>Read the segment titled “ Emancipation and the War ” on pages 171-172 and answer questions 12-14 on your chapter 4 section 2 reading guide. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Freedmen not originally allowed to fight until McClellan’s loss to Lee. </li></ul><ul><li>Proclamation caused thousands of slaves to run North and join the Union. </li></ul><ul><li>54 th Massachusetts received medal of honor, but not citizenship. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Massive shortages due to lack of labor and devastated plantations. </li></ul><ul><li>Industry grew due to government controls </li></ul><ul><li>Inflation rampant due to shortages </li></ul><ul><li>Look at the chart on page 175 </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Women filled jobs as men were drafted </li></ul><ul><li>Wages dropped and prices rose, but not as severely as the South. </li></ul><ul><li>Industries that made military goods boomed. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Union built prisons in Ohio and Maryland to house Confederate prisoners. </li></ul><ul><li>CSA camps popped up wherever room was available. </li></ul><ul><li>Andersonville in Georgia took up 26 acres of open field </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built to house 10,000 but held 35,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>100 deaths a day on average </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>What was the main right protected by Confederate government? </li></ul><ul><li>How did Southern secession change US politics? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the Emancipation Proclamation effect the war? </li></ul><ul><li>Which CSA POW camp got a reputation with an average death rate of 100 per day? </li></ul><ul><li>Southern Government was very similar to what form of early US government? </li></ul>

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