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3.3 3.3 Presentation Transcript

  • Bell Ringer
    Based on what you have learned about the Northern and Southern colonies from unit one, create a list of ways that the economies and cultures of each will be different.
  • The Rise of Manufacturing
    Farmers in the new territories planted enough food to feed major cities.
    Urban populations rise in the North as people take jobs in industrial manufacturing.
    Industrial Revolution changes
    Production methods
  • Capitalism
    Investments and business decisions made by private investors and not the government.
    Most Americans now employees; no longer self employed.
    Wages used to purchase goods
  • The Banking Industry
    Many new industries required investment money to get started
    Made money by charging interest on loans
    No government regulation meant sometimes banks failed
  • Quick Review
    Why did farming in the Northwest cause people in the Northeast to move to cities?
    How do banks make money?
    In a capitalist system, who makes investments in businesses?
  • Northwest Territory
    Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana
    Fertile farmland produced large amounts of corn and cereal grains
    Slavery outlawed
  • Northeast
    PA, NY, and New England
    Heavily influenced by the Industrial Revolution
    High European immigrant population
  • Northeast Continued
    30% of population lived in urban areas
    Public education based on Puritan system
  • Southern Economy and culture
    Rural economy relied on warm temps to grow tobacco and cotton in VA and NC.
    SC and GA grew rice and sugar due to higher temp and humidity
    Economy slaved based
    Importation of slaves banned 1808
  • The Cotton Gin
    • Made of interchangeable parts
    • Cotton exports increased by 6,000%
    • Doubles slave population in US
  • The Second Great Awakening
    By 1790 only 10% attended church
    New Denominations created
    Baptists (Second largest denomination)
    Methodists (Largest)
    Mormons move West to Utah
  • The South II
    • Government and economy dominated by wealthy plantation owners
    • Bulk of population lived on family farms and did not own slaves
    • Most children privately educated
  • The South III
    Large cities did not develop because rivers allowed ships to travel close to fields
    Low number of immigrants due to lack of jobs
  • The West
    Settlers took the beliefs of their home regions with them
    Old Northwest Territories shared Northeast culture
    Railroads become vital to Western Migration
  • Which Region am I from?
    On the following slide you will find a list of five characters and a description of each. Read each description and determine which region he or she is from. Be prepared to explain why you chose your answer.
  • Characters
    Zeke- “I recently moved to this territory in search of a better life. I took my customs and beliefs with me.”
    Edward- “I live in a city and attend public school. My parents are both union laborers in a factory.”
    David- “I run a large family farm that thrives without the use of slave labor.”
    John- “I own a large cotton farm and have an active role in local government.”
    Tara- “I was privately educated on a small family farm. Despite what everyone thinks, we did not own slaves.”