Bell Ringer Why can it be beneficial for a political party to lose an election? (The fact they can be lazy is not an answer.)
Election of 1824
Election of 1824 John Q. Adams vs. Andrew Jackson vs. Henry Clay Jackson wins popular vote House of Reps. Has tie breaking vote and selects Adams. Henry Clay Speaker of the House. Clay named Sec of State Jackson believes election was rigged
Opposition Parties Those who supported Jackson worked to block Adam’s policies Those who supported Adams called the Republicans Those who supported Jackson called Democrats Both parties claimed to be Jeffersonian
Key Question In your opinion, how are opposition parties like the one started by Jackson’s followers going to impact American politics?
Election of 1828 Jackson wins revenge election of 1828 Both sides made personal attacks on one another Jackson first President born West of the Appalachians (log cabin president) Common man’s president
Jackson’s Domestic Policies Spoils system: To the winner go the spoils. Gave jobs to friends and fired enemies. TariffCrisis: SC threatens to leave the union unless tariff is dropped. Tariff helped North but harmed South AKA Nullification Crisis
Jackson’s Domestic Policies Indian Relocation Act: Forced all tribes to move West of the Mississippi. (Cherokee sue Georgia and win.) The Bank War: Jackson fights to close the central bank Hamilton established.
Review Questions What was the spoils system? How did the Cherokee people of Georgia respond to the Indian Relocation Act? Why did Jackson want to shut down the Federal Bank? Why did SC threaten to secede?
The Industrial Revolution Decades long movement to create machines to increase productivity. Based on English technology Largest impact on Northeast
The Cotton Gin
Made of interchangeable parts
Cotton exports increased by 6,000%
Doubles slave population in US
Railroads Steam engine applied to self-propelled transportation 3,300 miles of rail by 1840 (Most in the world)
The Second Great Awakening By 1790 only 10% attended church New Denominations created Baptists (Second largest denomination) Methodists (Largest) Mormons move West to Utah