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Transcript

  • 1. CHAPTER 3 Life in a new Nation
    Goals:
    • Explain the reasons for and the impact of Western expansion.
    • 2. Identify and explain 3 innovations of the Industrial Revolution and determine the impact of each on present day America.
  • Bell Ringer
    What action taken by Thomas Jefferson doubled the size of the US?
    In your opinion, how will this new territory impact America’s future?
  • 3. War of 1812
    Clashes with England on the seas would turn into war in 1812.
    Impressments
    England armed Native Americans to fight American settlers in the West.
  • 4.
  • 5. War of 1812
    • Fighting breaks out along the Atlantic Coast and Great Lakes.
    • 6. War ends with the Treaty of Ghent in 1814
    • 7. Causes a rise in nationalism
  • The Monroe Doctrine
    Europeans may not claim new territories
    US will remain neutral in European conflicts
    European attempts to colonize will be seen as hostile
  • 8. Manifest Destiny: Belief that America was destined to expand
  • 9. Population Growth
    • The population of the original 13 states in 1780 was 2.7 million.
    • 10. By 1830, the population of the 24 states was up to 12 million
    • 11. The average American family had 5 children
    • 12. The Average age of Americans was 17
  • Northern Territorial Expansion
    Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana
    Slavery and free blacks banned from North West
    Whites moved west to look for a better life
  • 13. Expansion into Florida
    • Americans move to Spanish Florida
    • 14. Gen. Andrew Jackson assigned to protect settlers
    • 15. Conquers Florida
    • 16. Spain gives up Florida and signs the Adams-Onis Treaty giving up all territories in America
  • Texas
    Mexico becomes independent from Spain in 1821 and begins trading with the U.S.
    Americans led by Stephen Austin begin moving into Mexico and want American rights as well as slavery in the Texas territory.
    After months of fighting, Texas formally declares independence as a nation in 1836 with Sam Houston as President.
  • 17. The Oregon Trail
    • Oregon territory stretched from Northern California to Alaska shared by U.S. and England
    • 18. Separated at the 49th Parallel (Canadian border) by the Treaty of 1846
    • 19. Many settlers moved west in search of religious freedom, cheap land, and gold.
  • Map Activity
    In groups of three create a chart on the back of your map hand out that summarizes the American territorial expansion.
    For each territory, list who the territory was taken from, how it was taken, and locate it on your map by coloring it in.
  • 20.
  • 21. Quick Review
    What was the term used to justify American Western Expansion?
    Manifest Destiny
    Why were free blacks and slaves banned from the Northwest Territories?
    Labor competition
    What was the key issue as Southerners moved West?
    Slavery
    What territory was shared with England until the Treaty of 1846?
    The Oregon Territory

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