Spain gives up Florida and signs the Adams-Onis Treaty giving up all territories in America
Texas Mexico becomes independent from Spain in 1821 and begins trading with the U.S. Americans led by Stephen Austin begin moving into Mexico and want American rights as well as slavery in the Texas territory. After months of fighting, Texas formally declares independence as a nation in 1836 with Sam Houston as President.
Oregon territory stretched from Northern California to Alaska shared by U.S. and England
Separated at the 49th Parallel (Canadian border) by the Treaty of 1846
Many settlers moved west in search of religious freedom, cheap land, and gold.
Map Activity In groups of three create a chart on the back of your map hand out that summarizes the American territorial expansion. For each territory, list who the territory was taken from, how it was taken, and locate it on your map by coloring it in.
Quick Review What was the term used to justify American Western Expansion? Manifest Destiny Why were free blacks and slaves banned from the Northwest Territories? Labor competition What was the key issue as Southerners moved West? Slavery What territory was shared with England until the Treaty of 1846? The Oregon Territory