Explain the reasons for and the impact of Western expansion.
Identify and explain 3 innovations of the Industrial Revolution and determine the impact of each on present day America.
Bell Ringer What action taken by Thomas Jefferson doubled the size of the US? In your opinion, how will this new territory impact America’s future?
War of 1812 Clashes with England on the seas would turn into war in 1812. Impressments England armed Native Americans to fight American settlers in the West.
War of 1812
Fighting breaks out along the Atlantic Coast and Great Lakes.
War ends with the Treaty of Ghent in 1814
Causes a rise in nationalism
The Monroe Doctrine Europeans may not claim new territories US will remain neutral in European conflicts European attempts to colonize will be seen as hostile
Manifest Destiny: Belief that America was destined to expand
The population of the original 13 states in 1780 was 2.7 million.
By 1830, the population of the 24 states was up to 12 million
The average American family had 5 children
The Average age of Americans was 17
Northern Territorial Expansion Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana Slavery and free blacks banned from North West Whites moved west to look for a better life
Expansion into Florida
Americans move to Spanish Florida
Gen. Andrew Jackson assigned to protect settlers
Spain gives up Florida and signs the Adams-Onis Treaty giving up all territories in America
Texas Mexico becomes independent from Spain in 1821 and begins trading with the U.S. Americans led by Stephen Austin begin moving into Mexico and want American rights as well as slavery in the Texas territory. After months of fighting, Texas formally declares independence as a nation in 1836 with Sam Houston as President.
The Oregon Trail
Oregon territory stretched from Northern California to Alaska shared by U.S. and England
Separated at the 49th Parallel (Canadian border) by the Treaty of 1846
Many settlers moved west in search of religious freedom, cheap land, and gold.
Map Activity In groups of three create a chart on the back of your map hand out that summarizes the American territorial expansion. For each territory, list who the territory was taken from, how it was taken, and locate it on your map by coloring it in.
Quick Review What was the term used to justify American Western Expansion? Manifest Destiny Why were free blacks and slaves banned from the Northwest Territories? Labor competition What was the key issue as Southerners moved West? Slavery What territory was shared with England until the Treaty of 1846? The Oregon Territory