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  • 2. Bell Ringer
    • How did each amendment change the lives of African-Americans in the US?
    • 13 th
    • 14 th
    • 15 th
  • 3. Plessy v. Ferguson
    • Established “separate but equal”
    • What are some examples of services that this rule applied to?
  • 4. Brown v. Board
    • Linda Brown sues Topeka KS school district.
      • Said that going to segregated school made her feel inferior
    • Supreme Court rules Separate but Equal unconstitutional.
      • Segregation must end “with all deliberate speed”
  • 5. Brown v. Board Reactions
    • Many African Americans rejoiced
    • Most whites accepting of decision
    • Segregationalists vow to disobey decision
  • 6. Little Rock
    • Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus says that he can not keep order under integration.
      • Orders National Guard to turn 9 black students away
    • Eisenhower sends in US troops to escort students.
  • 7.  
  • 8. Montgomery Bus Boycott
    • Rosa Parks arrested for refusing to give up her bus seat to a white man.
    • Boycott organized by MLK
    • Supreme Court rules that bus segregation unconstitutional.
  • 9. Birmingham
    • Birmingham most segregated city in America
      • 40% Black population
    • Eugene “Bull” Connor in charge of Birmingham police
      • Dogs
      • Fire Hoses
      • Cattle Prods
  • 10. Birmingham
    • MLK and 900 others arrested
      • Most under the age of 30
    • TV broadcasts showed the nation how protestors were treated
    • Birmingham integrates all facilities
  • 11. MLK and Non-Violence
    • Born 1929 in Atlanta, GA
    • Baptist Minister
    • MLK helps to found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference
      • Organized non-violent protests in the south
    • Assassinated in 1968
  • 12. MLK Clip
    • Where is the speech taking place at?
    • Who is the audience?
    • Why does King focus on Alabama?
    • Why is the Civil Rights movement important to America’s image during the Cold War?
  • 13. Malcolm X and Black Nationalism
    • Followed Nation of Islam
    • Believed in a separate African American identity
    • Opposed integration
    • “ By any means necessary”
    • Killed in NYC
  • 14. MLK and Malcolm X
    • How did MLK and Malcolm X differ in their views on religion?
    • How did the two differ on integration?
    • How did they differ on the methods they were willing to use to achieve equal rights?
    • In your opinion, why do these differences exist?
  • 15. Civil Rights Groups
    • NAACP
      • Worked to end segregation through legal battles
    • CORE
      • Congress of Racial Equality
      • Organized confrontations with Segregationalists
    • SNCC
      • Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee
      • Organized students against segregation
  • 16. Sit Ins
    • Lunch counters segregated
    • Black and white students joined to occupy white lunch counters across the South
    • Sit ins often met with violence
  • 17. Freedom Rides
    • 1960 Supreme Court calls for integration of all interstate buses
    • CORE and SNCC send riders to test the Southern States
    • Buses attacked and riders beaten
      • Government Agents and Reporters harmed in attack
  • 18. Review Questions
    • Why was the ruling of Brown v. Board important to the Civil Rights Movement?
    • How did Eisenhower force integration in Little Rock Arkansas?
    • What event lead to the Montgomery Bus Boycott?
    • How did the beliefs and methods Malcolm X and MLK differ?
    • What were two methods of protests used to bring attention to the Civil Rights Movement?
  • 19. Bell Ringer
    • How did the methods of Malcolm X differ from those of MLK?
    • List two forms of peaceful protest as discussed in class yesterday.
  • 20. Political Action
    • Truman
      • Integrated military
      • Fought for anti-lynching laws
    • Democrats split
      • Southern Democrats create new party known as “Dixiecrats” led by Sen. Strom Thurmond of SC
  • 21. Eisenhower
    • Civil Rights Act of 1957: Aimed at increasing voting among African Americans
      • Strom Thurmond longest filibuster in US history
    • Operation Wetback
      • Deported hundreds of Latinos to Mexico
  • 22. Kennedy
    • Appoints Thurgood Marshall
      • First African American Supreme Court Justice
    • Signed equal housing bills into law
    • Never actually proposed any real legislation until 1963
  • 23. Johnson
    • Civil Rights Act of 1964
      • Passed to “honor” JFK
      • “ We’ve lost the South for a generation”
    • Banned the use of race based voting standards
    • Prohibited discrimination in public services
    • Withheld federal funds from any program that practiced discrimination
  • 24. Fighting to Vote: Selma
    • African American voters in Selma, AL arrested while waiting in line
    • King organizes march from Selma to the capitol of Montgomery
      • 3,200 People show up
    • Johnson sends in troops to protect the march from local police
  • 25. Fighting to Vote
    • Freedom Summer
      • Students and volunteers spend the summer of 1964 registering African Americans in the South
      • Only 20% of African Americans registered to vote
  • 26. Johnson
    • 24 th Amendment
      • Outlawed poll taxes
    • Voting Rights Act of 1965
      • Put elections in the hands of federal employees
  • 27. Nixon’s Southern Strategy
    • Worked for integration
      • “ Racism is America’s greatest failure”
    • Focused on white voters
      • Only needed 10% of black vote to win
    • Emphasized states’ and gun rights
  • 28. Types of Segregation
    • De Jure Segregation: Segregation by law
      • Outlawed completely in 1964
    • De facto Segregation: As a matter of fact
      • Does it still exist?
      • De facto
  • 29. Violence in the Movement
    • Black Panthers: Militant political group focused on uniting the black community.
      • Fought police brutality and financial oppression
    • Watts Riot
      • Racial issues spark riots in Los Angeles
  • 30. Women’s Liberation
    • Betty Friedan writes the Feminine Mystic
    • Talks about the plight of the housewife
    • Women begin to question their role in society
  • 31. Review
    • 1. For each president, write one sentence explaining how they impacted the Civil Rights movement.
    • Truman
    • Eisenhower
    • JFK
    • LBJ
    • Nixon
    • 2. How are de facto and de jure segregation different?