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19.4

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  • 1. GOAL: IDENTIFY STRATEGIES USED TO BRING ATTENTION TO THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT. The Civil Rights Movement
  • 2. Bell Ringer <ul><li>How did each amendment change the lives of African-Americans in the US? </li></ul><ul><li>13 th </li></ul><ul><li>14 th </li></ul><ul><li>15 th </li></ul>
  • 3. Plessy v. Ferguson <ul><li>Established “separate but equal” </li></ul><ul><li>What are some examples of services that this rule applied to? </li></ul>
  • 4. Brown v. Board <ul><li>Linda Brown sues Topeka KS school district. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Said that going to segregated school made her feel inferior </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court rules Separate but Equal unconstitutional. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Segregation must end “with all deliberate speed” </li></ul></ul>
  • 5. Brown v. Board Reactions <ul><li>Many African Americans rejoiced </li></ul><ul><li>Most whites accepting of decision </li></ul><ul><li>Segregationalists vow to disobey decision </li></ul>
  • 6. Little Rock <ul><li>Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus says that he can not keep order under integration. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Orders National Guard to turn 9 black students away </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eisenhower sends in US troops to escort students. </li></ul>
  • 7.  
  • 8. Montgomery Bus Boycott <ul><li>Rosa Parks arrested for refusing to give up her bus seat to a white man. </li></ul><ul><li>Boycott organized by MLK </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court rules that bus segregation unconstitutional. </li></ul>
  • 9. Birmingham <ul><li>Birmingham most segregated city in America </li></ul><ul><ul><li>40% Black population </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eugene “Bull” Connor in charge of Birmingham police </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dogs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire Hoses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cattle Prods </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. Birmingham <ul><li>MLK and 900 others arrested </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most under the age of 30 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>TV broadcasts showed the nation how protestors were treated </li></ul><ul><li>Birmingham integrates all facilities </li></ul>
  • 11. MLK and Non-Violence <ul><li>Born 1929 in Atlanta, GA </li></ul><ul><li>Baptist Minister </li></ul><ul><li>MLK helps to found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organized non-violent protests in the south </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Assassinated in 1968 </li></ul>
  • 12. MLK Clip <ul><li>Where is the speech taking place at? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is the audience? </li></ul><ul><li>Why does King focus on Alabama? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is the Civil Rights movement important to America’s image during the Cold War? </li></ul>
  • 13. Malcolm X and Black Nationalism <ul><li>Followed Nation of Islam </li></ul><ul><li>Believed in a separate African American identity </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed integration </li></ul><ul><li>“ By any means necessary” </li></ul><ul><li>Killed in NYC </li></ul>
  • 14. MLK and Malcolm X <ul><li>How did MLK and Malcolm X differ in their views on religion? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the two differ on integration? </li></ul><ul><li>How did they differ on the methods they were willing to use to achieve equal rights? </li></ul><ul><li>In your opinion, why do these differences exist? </li></ul>
  • 15. Civil Rights Groups <ul><li>NAACP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Worked to end segregation through legal battles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CORE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress of Racial Equality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organized confrontations with Segregationalists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SNCC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organized students against segregation </li></ul></ul>
  • 16. Sit Ins <ul><li>Lunch counters segregated </li></ul><ul><li>Black and white students joined to occupy white lunch counters across the South </li></ul><ul><li>Sit ins often met with violence </li></ul>
  • 17. Freedom Rides <ul><li>1960 Supreme Court calls for integration of all interstate buses </li></ul><ul><li>CORE and SNCC send riders to test the Southern States </li></ul><ul><li>Buses attacked and riders beaten </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government Agents and Reporters harmed in attack </li></ul></ul>
  • 18. Review Questions <ul><li>Why was the ruling of Brown v. Board important to the Civil Rights Movement? </li></ul><ul><li>How did Eisenhower force integration in Little Rock Arkansas? </li></ul><ul><li>What event lead to the Montgomery Bus Boycott? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the beliefs and methods Malcolm X and MLK differ? </li></ul><ul><li>What were two methods of protests used to bring attention to the Civil Rights Movement? </li></ul>
  • 19. Bell Ringer <ul><li>How did the methods of Malcolm X differ from those of MLK? </li></ul><ul><li>List two forms of peaceful protest as discussed in class yesterday. </li></ul>
  • 20. Political Action <ul><li>Truman </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated military </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fought for anti-lynching laws </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Democrats split </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Southern Democrats create new party known as “Dixiecrats” led by Sen. Strom Thurmond of SC </li></ul></ul>
  • 21. Eisenhower <ul><li>Civil Rights Act of 1957: Aimed at increasing voting among African Americans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strom Thurmond longest filibuster in US history </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Operation Wetback </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deported hundreds of Latinos to Mexico </li></ul></ul>
  • 22. Kennedy <ul><li>Appoints Thurgood Marshall </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First African American Supreme Court Justice </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Signed equal housing bills into law </li></ul><ul><li>Never actually proposed any real legislation until 1963 </li></ul>
  • 23. Johnson <ul><li>Civil Rights Act of 1964 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Passed to “honor” JFK </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ We’ve lost the South for a generation” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Banned the use of race based voting standards </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibited discrimination in public services </li></ul><ul><li>Withheld federal funds from any program that practiced discrimination </li></ul>
  • 24. Fighting to Vote: Selma <ul><li>African American voters in Selma, AL arrested while waiting in line </li></ul><ul><li>King organizes march from Selma to the capitol of Montgomery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3,200 People show up </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Johnson sends in troops to protect the march from local police </li></ul>
  • 25. Fighting to Vote <ul><li>Freedom Summer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students and volunteers spend the summer of 1964 registering African Americans in the South </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only 20% of African Americans registered to vote </li></ul></ul>
  • 26. Johnson <ul><li>24 th Amendment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outlawed poll taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Voting Rights Act of 1965 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Put elections in the hands of federal employees </li></ul></ul>
  • 27. Nixon’s Southern Strategy <ul><li>Worked for integration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Racism is America’s greatest failure” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Focused on white voters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only needed 10% of black vote to win </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Emphasized states’ and gun rights </li></ul>
  • 28. Types of Segregation <ul><li>De Jure Segregation: Segregation by law </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outlawed completely in 1964 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>De facto Segregation: As a matter of fact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does it still exist? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>De facto </li></ul></ul>
  • 29. Violence in the Movement <ul><li>Black Panthers: Militant political group focused on uniting the black community. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fought police brutality and financial oppression </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Watts Riot </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Racial issues spark riots in Los Angeles </li></ul></ul>
  • 30. Women’s Liberation <ul><li>Betty Friedan writes the Feminine Mystic </li></ul><ul><li>Talks about the plight of the housewife </li></ul><ul><li>Women begin to question their role in society </li></ul>
  • 31. Review <ul><li>1. For each president, write one sentence explaining how they impacted the Civil Rights movement. </li></ul><ul><li>Truman </li></ul><ul><li>Eisenhower </li></ul><ul><li>JFK </li></ul><ul><li>LBJ </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon </li></ul><ul><li>2. How are de facto and de jure segregation different? </li></ul>

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