19.1

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19.1

  1. 1. Bell Ringer <ul><li>How are the post war goals of the US and USSR going to differ? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is Harry Truman so happy? </li></ul>
  2. 2. The Accidental President <ul><li>Truman becomes President after only a few months as Vice President. </li></ul><ul><li>Had only spoken to FDR a handful of times </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Buck Stops Here” </li></ul>
  3. 4. The United Nations <ul><li>International peace keeping organization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Similar to the League of Nations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All members belong to General Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>US, USSR, Great Britain, France, and China have permanent seats on the Security Council </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All have veto power </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. American Post War Goals <ul><li>America wanted independent democratic countries in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Free market economies open to trade. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Soviet Goals <ul><li>Western border protected as buffer zone of satellite nations . </li></ul><ul><li>Spread communism throughout Europe. </li></ul>
  6. 7. The Iron Curtain <ul><li>Winston Churchill responds by saying that “…an iron curtain has descended across the continent…” </li></ul><ul><li>Iron Curtain comes to represent Communist blockade of Eastern Europe. </li></ul>
  7. 9. Quick Review <ul><li>What form of government did the US want for Eastern European countries like Poland? </li></ul><ul><li>What was Stalin’s goal for post-war Eastern Europe? </li></ul><ul><li>Who coined the phrase “Iron Curtain?” </li></ul><ul><li>What was the “Iron Curtain?” </li></ul>
  8. 10. Containment <ul><li>Truman’s policy to stop the spread of Communism. </li></ul><ul><li>Firm and vigilant long-term </li></ul>
  9. 11. Truman Doctrine <ul><li>Truman pledges to help any country that is being threatened by an armed minority or outsiders. </li></ul><ul><li>Congress approves $400 Million to help Greece and Turkey </li></ul>
  10. 12. The Marshall Plan <ul><li>Economic recovery plan for Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Over $13 Billion sent to aid Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Soviets deny aid </li></ul>
  11. 14. Berlin Airlift <ul><li>Stalin cuts supply route to West Berlin </li></ul><ul><li>Americans drop supplies around the clock by plane </li></ul><ul><li>Blockade ends </li></ul>
  12. 15. NATO <ul><li>North Atlantic Treaty Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Western European countries standing up against Soviet Expansion </li></ul>
  13. 16. NATO <ul><li>An attack against one is an attack against all. </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin creates the Warsaw Pact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Treaty with satellite countries to stand up to NATO </li></ul></ul>
  14. 17. Russia Gets the Bomb <ul><li>Soviets test a nuclear bomb in Sept. of 1949. </li></ul><ul><li>Americans call it Joe 1 </li></ul>
  15. 18. Red China <ul><li>Civil war in China </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalists: Chiang Kai-shek </li></ul><ul><li>Communists: Mao Zedong </li></ul><ul><li>Mao wins and nationalists flee to Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan gets China’s seat in UN </li></ul>
  16. 19. The Korean War 1950-53 <ul><li>Communist North Korea invades Democratic South Korea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>North backed by Stalin and China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>South backed by UN and US </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Truman fires McArthur for threatening to nuke China </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not run for re-election </li></ul></ul>
  17. 21. Ending the War <ul><li>Ike promises to end war if elected in 1952 </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin dies in 1953 </li></ul><ul><li>Ike threatens to nuke North Korea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Armistice signed in 1953 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We’re still there! </li></ul></ul>
  18. 23. Bell Ringer <ul><li>How did the post-war goals for the US and the Soviet Union differ? </li></ul><ul><li>What was Truman’s policy for dealing with the expansion of communism? </li></ul><ul><li>What two countries went to war when one tried to force communism on the other? </li></ul>
  19. 24. McCarthyism <ul><li>After China goes communist, Americans fear communists in the US </li></ul><ul><li>Sen. Joe McCarthy running for re-election, claims to have a list of 205 communists working in the US government. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>List later dropped to 57 </li></ul></ul>
  20. 25. The Middle East <ul><li>Eisenhower Doctrine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US will defend the Middle East against Communist aggression. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defend Israel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CIA helps overthrow gov’t of Iran and installs US friendly Shah of Iran. </li></ul>
  21. 27. Latin America <ul><li>Guatemala falls to communism. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US fruit company becomes property of the government of Guatemala. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CIA overthrows Guatemalan Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protecting American property rights </li></ul></ul>
  22. 28. Arms Race <ul><li>Peace through nuclear deterrence. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weapons so strong, cost of war was too great </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Brinkmanship: Threaten war to make the other guy back down </li></ul>
  23. 29. U-2 Incident <ul><li>America using planes to spy on Soviet missile sites </li></ul><ul><li>Spy plane shot down over Russia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pilot captured (Francis Gary Powers) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eisenhower denies involvement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pilot returned safely </li></ul></ul>
  24. 30. Sputnik and the Space Race <ul><li>October 1957, USSR puts first man made satellite in space. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>America doubles the amount of math and science in schools </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sputnik II carried a dog </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Laika </li></ul></ul><ul><li>First man in space Yuri Gagarin </li></ul><ul><li>Alan Shepard first American </li></ul>
  25. 31. Final Review <ul><li>How did the Truman’s policy towards communism differ from that of Eisenhower? </li></ul><ul><li>Which superpower won the space race? </li></ul><ul><li>What is an arms race? </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the events of the U-2 incident. </li></ul>

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