Bell Ringer Based on what you learned yesterday, which two cultures were most alike? (Native American, W. African, and European) How were those two cultures different from the third? What impact is this going to have on the relationship between the three cultures?
Chapter 1: Section 2 European Settlement Today’s Goal: Analyze the political, economic, societal, and religious factors that influenced European settlement in North America. Standard USHC 1.1
I. Spain Explored for “God, Gold, and Glory” Conquistadores
I. Spain: Economic Influence The King and Queen funded search of riches Gold was the primary driving force behind Spanish exploration
I. Spain: Social and Political Spain started a class system in their colonies. Spanish were the first to use slave labor in the New World.
I. Spain: Religion Spaniards converted native peoples to Roman Catholicism Conquistadors by force Missionaries more peaceful
I. Spain: Quick Review What was Spain’s primary reason for exploring the New World? The Search for gold. List two modern day states that were once Spanish territory. What religion did the Spanish spread to the New World? Roman Catholicism
II. England: Economics English explorers commissioned by royalty Privateers Private companies sponsored colonies and exploration Why? $$$$$$ Fishing, ship building, and farming
II. England: Society Who is going to the New World? Puritans Poor settlers
II. England: Political New lands discovered were claimed for the Royal family Competition with France for new lands and markets
II. England: Religious Puritans come to New World to escape persecution under the Church of England Puritans in Plymouth not tolerant of other religions!
II. England Quick Review List one of the three industries that England invested in in the New World. Fishing, ship building, and Farming True or False: Puritans left England seeking religious tolerance for all.
III. France: Economics/Society Fur trade Fur trade built strong relationship with Native Americans No Slaves
III. France: Religion Protestants not permitted in New France Many French Protestants known as Huguenots settled in the Carolinas
III. France: Politics France and England long time rivals French and English territorial borders meet
Closing Questions What was Spain’s primary motivation for exploring the New World? What group of people left England in search of religious freedom? How did the relationship between the French and Native Americans differ from that of the English and Spanish? Why do you think there was a difference?