AP Human Geography 2011 - Islam
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  • 1. A STUDY ON ISLAM By Zack Hubbard and Connor Crump
  • 2. ORIGIN Islam is an universalizing religion Islam was founded by Muhammad but traces back to Abraham andother prophets Muhammad was a trade merchant in Arabia who claimed tobe visited by the angel Gabriel He was met with persecution as he began to preach He fled from Mecca to Yathrib where had followers This event is called the Hijira by the Muslims Muhammad gained much recognition and created an army to fightthe Meccans He defeated the Meccans in 630 and died in 632 after conqueringmost of Arabia Connor Crump After his death, Islam continued to spread because of the caliphs
  • 3. WHO IS MAN? Man was created by Allah from a clot ofblood Quran includes the fall of Adam but does notaffirm the idea of original sin Everyone is born in a state of submission toAllah Repentance from sin allows one to return tothis state Main sin is pride and the main virtue is Connor Crumpislam, which means submission
  • 4. WHY IS MAN HERE? Man is to submit to Allah Five Pillars of Islam: 1. Shahada: reciting the Muslim profession of faith 2. Salat: praying five times a day 3. Zakat: giving money to the poor 4. Sawm: Fasting during the month of Ramadam 5. Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca The pillars demonstrates putting faith first in their lives Connor Crump
  • 5. WHERE IS MAN GOING? Islam teaches that there is life after death either in paradise orin hell Last Day: world will be destroyed and Allah will raise the deadfor judgment Dead people wait in their graves until the Last Day Two exceptions 1. Those who die fighting for Allah are immediately sent toparadise 2. Enemies of Islam are immediately sent to Hell Judgment is based on deeds Connor Crump
  • 6. HOLY PLACES Holy cities in Islam include Mecca, Medina,Jerusalem, Karbala, and Najaf Mecca is by far the most sacred The fifth pillar of Islam (Hajj) requires a Muslim tomake a pilgrimage to Mecca They perform many rituals including circling theKaaba seven times, throwing stones at pillar thatsymbolizes the devil, and drinking from the well ofZamzam Connor Crump
  • 7. HOLIDAYS The major holiday for the Islamicfaith is Ramadan, a month of obligatorydaily fasting. Fasting lasts from dawn until sunset. The entire Quran is recited inMosques. This holiday allows Followers ofIslam to grow close to Allah. Ramadan ends with a day-longcelebration called Eidul- Zack Hubbard
  • 8. PLACES OF WORSHIP A mosque is the house of prayer in Islam. There is no specific way for a Mosque to bebuilt, accept a few key points: an indication to thedirection Mecca, a mihrab (a niche on the wall). Amosque must have a roofed area in front of themihrab and there cannot be any doors on the wallwhere the mihrab is placed, but for other walls,there can be as many as they want. There are two types of mosques: The mainmosque is called jamaca and the other type ofmosque is called a masjid.  Zack Hubbard
  • 9. BURIAL PRACTICES When a Muslim is near death, those aroundhim or her are called upon to give comfort. Theymay recite verses from the Quran, give physicalcomfort, and encourage the dying one to recitewords of remembrance and prayer. The family or other members of thecommunity will wash and shroud the body. Only the men of the community accompanythe body to the gravesite. The deceased is laid in the grave facingMecca.  Zack Hubbard
  • 10. CONFLICTS The Crusades were a series of Holy Warslaunched by the Christian states of Europeagainst the Muslims. The reason for the crusades was a warbetween Christians and Moslems whichcentered around the city of Jerusalem. TheCity of Jerusalem held a Holy significance tothe Christian religion. In recent history, Muslims have faced theUnited States in conflicts due to the terroristsattacks on September 11th.  Zack Hubbard
  • 11. SYNCRETISM Sufism (Sufism) may be best described as amystical practice that emphasizes certain uniquerituals for guiding spiritual seekers into a directencounter with God. Muhammad is consideredtheir chief prophet and many consider Sufism tobe a mystical brand of Islam. Bishr ibn al–Harith has said that, “the sufi ishe whose heart is sincere towards God.”Thus, one of the words from which Sufism issupposed to have derived is safa meaning pure --this due to the purity of the sufis’ heart.  Zack Hubbard
  • 12. SOURCES http://www.islam101.com/ramadan/ http://worldreligions2.tripod.com/id14.html http://islam.about.com/cs/elderly/a/funerals.htm http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/the-crusades.htm http://www.allaboutreligion.org/sufism.htm