2011 AP US - Immigration PP 1800 - 1850
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  • 1. 1800-1850 Allie Hales & Corrie Haynes
  • 2.
    • Irish
    • Most were potato farmers
    • Most were poor and lacked a decent education
    • Roman-Catholicism was the main religion
    • German
    • Uprooted farmers
    • Political refugees
    • Were not nearly as poor as Irish, and lived in a stable environment
    • Not a very religious group of people
  • 3.
    • They were under British rule
    • The food they grew was either contributed to the soldiers, or their land was taken over due to war
    • Potatoes became the main crop in order to restore the need for food, because they were not labor intensive and grew quickly
    • In the 1840’s, not only were the farms taken over by the British, but also the potato crops began failing, and food became scarce
    • Due to this lack of food and governmental issues, over one million people left Ireland
  • 4.
    • Germany was not a unified nation until 1871
    • Many people were also involved in politics, but had to leave the job due to the fail of democracy
    • They left due to crop failure, but were not dependent on it for life, unlike the Irish
  • 5.
    • IRISH
    • They desired to earn wages for their families back home
    • They wanted a change in their surroundings, and new opportunities such as factory labor versus farming
    • GERMAN
    • Due to political failure, they were looking for a safe haven, a democratic government, and new opportunities, and America fulfilled all the requirements
  • 6.
    • They mainly settled in Boston and New York
    • As poor as they were, many were forced to settle in the slums
    • They desired more of an urban lifestyle, in hope to get away of the farming lifestyle
    • 2 million Irish arrived between 1830 and 1860
    • Most Irish stayed together and settled in one main area
  • 7.
    • Most Germans settled in the west, particularly in Wisconsin and Texas, Pennsylvania, Indiana and Ohio
    • They didn’t need to work in the big factories in the large cities, because they had enough money to form farms of their own
    • The Germans typically spread out more than the Irish, impacting the voting system
  • 8.
    • The jobs were largely hated in the big cities, and some people refused to hire them (NINA). When they were hired, it was a low pay job in a factory
    • Some were also forced to work on railroads and canals, where many were killed due to “accidental” explosians
  • 9.
    • Many picked up farming again once they were settled in the Mid-West
    • Hardly any Germans took factory jobs because they were Amish, and did not believe in those advancements of technology
  • 10.
    • Conestoga Wagon
    • Kindergarten
    • Kentucky Rifle
    • Christmas Tree
    • Beer (also from Irish)
    • Amish Germans
    • Horse drawn Carriages
    • Farming without technology
    • No electricity, except for at night
    • Prayers during meals
    • No telephones
  • 11.
    • They were Catholics, so they were disliked by the Protestants already living in the big cities
    • They enjoyed alcohol too much
  • 12.
    • 1. Thomas A. Bailey, Lizabeth Cohen, David M. Kennedy, The American Pageant (Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2006), 13.