2011 AP US - Immigration PP 1800 - 1850


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2011 AP US - Immigration PP 1800 - 1850

  1. 1. 1800-1850 Allie Hales & Corrie Haynes
  2. 2. <ul><li>Irish </li></ul><ul><li>Most were potato farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Most were poor and lacked a decent education </li></ul><ul><li>Roman-Catholicism was the main religion </li></ul><ul><li>German </li></ul><ul><li>Uprooted farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Political refugees </li></ul><ul><li>Were not nearly as poor as Irish, and lived in a stable environment </li></ul><ul><li>Not a very religious group of people </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>They were under British rule </li></ul><ul><li>The food they grew was either contributed to the soldiers, or their land was taken over due to war </li></ul><ul><li>Potatoes became the main crop in order to restore the need for food, because they were not labor intensive and grew quickly </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1840’s, not only were the farms taken over by the British, but also the potato crops began failing, and food became scarce </li></ul><ul><li>Due to this lack of food and governmental issues, over one million people left Ireland </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Germany was not a unified nation until 1871 </li></ul><ul><li>Many people were also involved in politics, but had to leave the job due to the fail of democracy </li></ul><ul><li>They left due to crop failure, but were not dependent on it for life, unlike the Irish </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>IRISH </li></ul><ul><li>They desired to earn wages for their families back home </li></ul><ul><li>They wanted a change in their surroundings, and new opportunities such as factory labor versus farming </li></ul><ul><li>GERMAN </li></ul><ul><li>Due to political failure, they were looking for a safe haven, a democratic government, and new opportunities, and America fulfilled all the requirements </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>They mainly settled in Boston and New York </li></ul><ul><li>As poor as they were, many were forced to settle in the slums </li></ul><ul><li>They desired more of an urban lifestyle, in hope to get away of the farming lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>2 million Irish arrived between 1830 and 1860 </li></ul><ul><li>Most Irish stayed together and settled in one main area </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Most Germans settled in the west, particularly in Wisconsin and Texas, Pennsylvania, Indiana and Ohio </li></ul><ul><li>They didn’t need to work in the big factories in the large cities, because they had enough money to form farms of their own </li></ul><ul><li>The Germans typically spread out more than the Irish, impacting the voting system </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The jobs were largely hated in the big cities, and some people refused to hire them (NINA). When they were hired, it was a low pay job in a factory </li></ul><ul><li>Some were also forced to work on railroads and canals, where many were killed due to “accidental” explosians </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Many picked up farming again once they were settled in the Mid-West </li></ul><ul><li>Hardly any Germans took factory jobs because they were Amish, and did not believe in those advancements of technology </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Conestoga Wagon </li></ul><ul><li>Kindergarten </li></ul><ul><li>Kentucky Rifle </li></ul><ul><li>Christmas Tree </li></ul><ul><li>Beer (also from Irish) </li></ul><ul><li>Amish Germans </li></ul><ul><li>Horse drawn Carriages </li></ul><ul><li>Farming without technology </li></ul><ul><li>No electricity, except for at night </li></ul><ul><li>Prayers during meals </li></ul><ul><li>No telephones </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>They were Catholics, so they were disliked by the Protestants already living in the big cities </li></ul><ul><li>They enjoyed alcohol too much </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>1. Thomas A. Bailey, Lizabeth Cohen, David M. Kennedy, The American Pageant (Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2006), 13. </li></ul>