Running for Office 1 Voting is an important responsibility. I will keep fightingLet’s discuss for a newimproving our hospital.schools.
Running for Office 2Choosing a candidate takes time. I enjoy working for the people. Do you resent paying higher taxes?
Form A gerund is the base form of a verb + -ing. Gerunds can be used as nouns.verb + -ing = nounwork + -ing = workingpay + -ing = payingimprove + -ing = improving
Gerunds as Subjects A gerund can be the subject of a sentence. It is always singular. Use a third-person singular verb after a gerund.singular subjectVoting is an important responsibility. Choosing a candidate takes time.
Be Careful! Don’t confuse gerunds with the present progressive verb form.present progressive I am voting today. verb gerund Voting is an important responsibility. subject
Complete the sentencesPractice 1 with gerunds. Example: Windsurfing __________ is very exciting. 1. __________ makes me laugh. 2. __________ gives me a headache. 3. __________ isn’t polite. 4. __________ is popular in my country. 5. __________ destroys the environment. 6. Not __________ can be dangerous.
Gerunds as Objects A gerund can be the object of certain verbs. verb objectsuggest I suggest improving our schools. verb objectenjoy I enjoy working for the people.
Complete the dialoguesPractice 2 with gerund phrases.Example: A: Why do Christophe and Hiro go hiking so often? watching birds B: They both enjoy ____________.1. A: I need a ride to the airport. B: I don’t mind ____________.2. A: Dad, can I go outside and play? B: Have you finished ____________.3. A: Why did Javier look so sad today? B: I think he really misses _____________.
Gerunds with GoWe often use go + gerund to describeactivities. Our family goes bowling every Saturday. Ali went jogging with his dog.
Ask a partner how often he orPractice 3 she does these activities. How often do you I go dancing go dancing? every night. 1. 2.
Ask a partner how often he orPractice 4 she does these activities. 4.3. 5.