Sph 107 Ch 7

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Sph 107 Ch 7

  1. 1. Chapter 7 Supporting Your Speech
  2. 2. Supporting Material <ul><li>Supporting material (or evidence) is any information that clarifies, explains, or adds depth or breadth to your topic. </li></ul><ul><li>You discover evidence by conducting research on your topic, which is the process of gathering supporting material to defend your ideas. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types of Supporting Material <ul><li>Facts and Statistics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A fact is information that has been established as accurate. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Statistics are the collection and arrangement of numerical facts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both appeal to listeners with a “thinking” learning style. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Types of Supporting Material <ul><li>Definitions, Descriptions, and Explanations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Definition: a statement that clarifies the meaning of a word or phrase. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Description: goes beyond a definition in that it attempts to create a picture in the minds of listeners. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explanation: provides details as to how and why, appealing to the “thinking” and “doing” learning styles. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Types of Supporting Material <ul><li>Examples: a specific case used to illustrate or represent a concept, condition, experience, or group of some sort. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tend to appeal to the “feeling” aspect of the learning cycle. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Testimonies: quotations or paraphrases used to support a point. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expert testimonies are from a recognized professional in a field. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer testimonies are from first hand sources. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Types of Supporting Material <ul><li>Analogies: a comparison drawn between two essentially unrelated concepts or objects. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Locating Supporting Material <ul><li>Personal Experience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State your credibility. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective in adding human interest to speeches. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research interviews </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cite the credentials of the expert interviewed. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Surveys </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective for discovering the attitudes, values, and beliefs generally held by people in the research sample. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Locating Supporting Material <ul><li>Library Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reference works </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Magazines and Newspapers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government Documents and Academic Journals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet Documents </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Conducting Ethical Research <ul><li>Evaluate your evidence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it relevant? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it credible? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it current? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does your research answer all the important questions raised by your speech? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have you consulted a variety of resources? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you use a variety of supporting material? </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Conducting Ethical Research <ul><li>Document your evidence </li></ul><ul><li>APA citations </li></ul><ul><li>Cite others work in APA format inside your formal outline. </li></ul><ul><li>Orally cite works during your speech. </li></ul>

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