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Sph 106 Ch 16

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  • 1. Informative Speaking
  • 2.
    • Intellectually stimulating information that is new to the audience.
    • Creative: using information in a way that yields different or original ideas and insights.
      • Divergent thinking: thinking that occurs when we contemplate something from a variety of different angles.
  • 3.
    • Use emphasis to aid memory.
      • Use visual aides.
      • Repeat important words and ideas.
      • Use transitions to guide audience thinking.
      • Use humor to stress key points.
      • Create memory aides for your audience.
        • Mnemonics: a system of improving memory by using formulas.
        • Acronyms: words formed from the first letter of a series of words.
  • 4.
    • Description: the informative method used to create an accurate, vivid verbal picture of an object, geographic feature, setting, or image.
    • Definition: a method of informing that explains something by identifying its meaning.
      • Synonym: a word that has the same or similar meaning of your chosen word.
      • Antonym: a word that has the exact opposite meaning of your chosen word.
  • 5.
    • Comparison and Contrast: a method of informing that explains something by focusing on how it is similar and different from other things.
    • Narration: a method of informing that explains something by recounting events.
    • Demonstration: a method of informing that explains something by showing how something is done, by dissolving the stages of a process, or by depicting how something works.
  • 6.
    • Process Speeches
      • Goal is to demonstrate how something is done or made.
      • Steps must be grouped and explained.
      • Based on demonstration, it is likely to use visual aids, a full or modified demonstration or both.
  • 7.
    • Expository speech: informative presentation that provides carefully researched, in-depth knowledge about a complex topic.
      • Requires extensive research.
      • Uses an organizational pattern best suited to the material.
      • Uses various methods of informing for developing material.
      • Various types of Expository speeches: political, economic, social, religious, historical, theory, principle, law, or creative.