Sph 106 Ch 15

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  • 1. Overcoming Speech Apprehension
  • 2.
    • Def.- a type of communication anxiety that reflects the level of fear a person experiences when anticipating speaking to an audience or when actually speaking to an audience.
  • 3.
    • Symptoms and Causes
      • Anticipation reaction: the level of anxiety you experience prior to giving the speech.
      • Confrontation reaction: the surge of anxiety as you begin your speech.
      • Adaption reaction: the gradual decline of anxiety you feel after beginning your speech.
  • 4.
    • The better prepared you are the less nervous you will be.
    • Nervousness isn’t necessarily negative.
    • Listeners may not recognize that you are nervous.
    • Never acknowledge that you are nervous to the audience.
  • 5.
    • Visualizing techniques: visualize yourself giving a successful speech.
    • Systematic desensitization: a method that reduces apprehension by gradually having you visualize increasingly more horrifying events.
    • Public Speaking Skills Training: this class.
  • 6.
    • Conversational style: an informal style of presenting a speech so that your audience feels you are talking with them, not at them.
    • Impromptu: speeches that are delivered with little notice.
    • Scripted: speeches prepared by creating a complete written manuscript and delivered verbatim from memory or read aloud.
  • 7.
    • Extemporaneous: speeches that are researched and planned ahead of time, although the exact working is not scripted and will vary from presentation to presentation.
  • 8.
    • Practice
      • Record yourself.
      • Practice with only note cards.
      • Mimic actual speech conditions.
      • Check your time.
      • Review your recording for any possible areas of improvement.
      • Do it again until you are satisfied with the quality of your speech.