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Sph 106 Ch 13

Sph 106 Ch 13






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    Sph 106 Ch 13 Sph 106 Ch 13 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 13 Organizing Your Speech
    • Organizing Your Speech
      • Organizing the speech outline: the process of selecting and structuring ideas you will present in your speech.
      • Organize and Develop speech material to meet the needs of your particular audience.
    • Determining Your Main points
      • Limit the number of main points so that the audience can keep track of your ideas.
      • Being by listing ideas that relate to your specific goal.
      • Eliminate ideas that your audience already understands.
      • Check to see if some points can be grouped together.
      • Eliminate ideas too complicated to be communicated in brief speech.
      • From the ideas that remain, choose three to five.
    • Writing a Thesis Statement
      • Def.- a statement that identifies the topic of your speech and the main ideas you will present.
      • Determine the main points.
      • Then select points to be included in your thesis statement.
    • Outlining the Body of the Speech
      • Speech outline: the sentence representation of the hierarchical and sequential relationships between the ideas presented in a speech.
      • Writing main points as complete sentences help express the association of the points with the key elements of the thesis statement.
    • Outlining the Body of the Speech
      • Wording main points
        • Does the main point statement specify how it is related to the goal?
        • Are the main points parallel in structure?
      • Selecting an organizing pattern for main points
        • Time-order: organizing main points by chronological sequence.
        • Topic-order: organized by category
        • Logical-reasons-order: used when the main points are the rationale or proof that supports a thesis.
    • Outlining the Body of the Speech
      • Selecting and outlining supporting materials.
        • Developing supporting points
        • Organize evidence by main point organizational pattern.
      • Prepare section transitions
        • Words, phrases, or sentences that show the relationship between ideas or help bridge main points.
    • Creating the Introduction
      • Introduction must engage and motivate your audience to listen and is generally 10 percent of the length of the entire speech.
      • Goals of the introduction
        • Getting attention
        • Stating the thesis
        • Establishing your credibility
        • Setting a tone
        • Creating a bond of goodwill
    • Methods of Attention Gaining
      • Startling Statement: grabs listener attention by shocking them.
      • Rhetorical question: a question seeking a mental rather than vocal response.
      • Personal reference: personalizes the speech for the audience.
      • Quotation: a vivid or thought provoking quotation on your topic.
      • Story: an account of something that happened.
      • Suspense: an introduction that leaves some mystery for the audience.
    • Preparing the Conclusion
      • Summary of Main Points
        • Reminds audience of what you have said in a wrap-up.
        • Helps audience remember your ideas.
      • Leaving vivid impressions
        • A story to close.
        • Appeal to action.
        • Listing sources enables you to direct interested listeners to more information.