Sph 106 Ch 13


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Sph 106 Ch 13

  1. 1. Chapter 13 Organizing Your Speech
  2. 2. Organizing Your Speech <ul><li>Organizing the speech outline: the process of selecting and structuring ideas you will present in your speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Organize and Develop speech material to meet the needs of your particular audience. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Determining Your Main points <ul><li>Limit the number of main points so that the audience can keep track of your ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>Being by listing ideas that relate to your specific goal. </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate ideas that your audience already understands. </li></ul><ul><li>Check to see if some points can be grouped together. </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate ideas too complicated to be communicated in brief speech. </li></ul><ul><li>From the ideas that remain, choose three to five. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Writing a Thesis Statement <ul><li>Def.- a statement that identifies the topic of your speech and the main ideas you will present. </li></ul><ul><li>Determine the main points. </li></ul><ul><li>Then select points to be included in your thesis statement. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Outlining the Body of the Speech <ul><li>Speech outline: the sentence representation of the hierarchical and sequential relationships between the ideas presented in a speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Writing main points as complete sentences help express the association of the points with the key elements of the thesis statement. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Outlining the Body of the Speech <ul><li>Wording main points </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does the main point statement specify how it is related to the goal? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are the main points parallel in structure? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Selecting an organizing pattern for main points </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time-order: organizing main points by chronological sequence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Topic-order: organized by category </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Logical-reasons-order: used when the main points are the rationale or proof that supports a thesis. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Outlining the Body of the Speech <ul><li>Selecting and outlining supporting materials. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing supporting points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organize evidence by main point organizational pattern. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prepare section transitions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Words, phrases, or sentences that show the relationship between ideas or help bridge main points. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Creating the Introduction <ul><li>Introduction must engage and motivate your audience to listen and is generally 10 percent of the length of the entire speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Goals of the introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Getting attention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stating the thesis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishing your credibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Setting a tone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating a bond of goodwill </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Methods of Attention Gaining <ul><li>Startling Statement: grabs listener attention by shocking them. </li></ul><ul><li>Rhetorical question: a question seeking a mental rather than vocal response. </li></ul><ul><li>Personal reference: personalizes the speech for the audience. </li></ul><ul><li>Quotation: a vivid or thought provoking quotation on your topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Story: an account of something that happened. </li></ul><ul><li>Suspense: an introduction that leaves some mystery for the audience. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Preparing the Conclusion <ul><li>Summary of Main Points </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reminds audience of what you have said in a wrap-up. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps audience remember your ideas. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leaving vivid impressions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A story to close. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appeal to action. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listing sources enables you to direct interested listeners to more information. </li></ul></ul>