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Holy Spirit In John's Gospel
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Holy Spirit In John's Gospel

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This is a lecture dealing with the Holy Spirit in the Gospel of John.

This is a lecture dealing with the Holy Spirit in the Gospel of John.

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Transcript

  • 1. Holy Spirit in John’s Gospel Introduction
    • Role of the Spirit in John’s Gospel.
    • Second half evidences a dramatic increase.
    • Three names for the Spirit:
      • The Spirit of Truth – 14.17; 15.26; 16.13
      • The Holy Spirit – 14.26; 20.22; 1.33
      • paraklētos – ‘helping presence’ 14.16, 26; 15.26; 16.7
  • 2. Holy Spirit in John
    • Spirit is active in Jesus’ ministry (1.32-33; 3.34).
    • Does John 3.5-8 refer to the Spirit’s work in salvation? What about 4.23-24?
    • Spirit gives life (6.63).
    • Spirit cannot be given until Jesus is glorified (7.39).
    • The Spirit of Truth (14.17; 15.26; 16.13).
    • Jesus will send Spirit ‘the other helping presence’ to the disciples (16.7; cf. 14.16, 26; 15.26).
    • The Holy Spirit – Jesus breathes on disciples and says, “Receive the Holy Spirit” (20.22; cf. 14.26).
  • 3. Holy Spirit in John
    • What does Jesus teach about the Holy Spirit in the farewell/upper room discourse ? (John 13.31-16.33).
      • John 14.16-18
      • John 14.25-26
      • John 15.26-27
      • John 16.7-15
  • 4. Holy Spirit in John
    • Holy Spirit is a parakl ē tos (Paraclete).
      • Means helping presence, advocate or counselor.
      • Used of Jesus in 1 John 2.1 (our advocate in heaven).
      • Another Paraclete of the same kind as Jesus (14.16).
      • Neuter pneuma (Spirit) used with masculine pronouns in 14.26; 15.26; 16.13, could suggest personhood but remember grammatical gender does not indicate ontological gender.
  • 5. Holy Spirit in John
    • Function of parakl ē tos in believers’ lives.
      • He will bring to remembrance all that Jesus taught his disciples (14.26).
      • He will testify regarding Jesus together with his followers (15.26).
      • He will convict the world of sin, (un)righteousness, and judgment (16.8-11).
      • He will guide Jesus’ disciples in all truth and disclose what is to come (16.13).
  • 6. Holy Spirit in John
    • The Spirit of Truth (15.26; 16.13).
      • Truthfulness as opposed to falsehood (16.7).
      • Eschatological truth (1.17).
      • Identifiable knowledge and propositional content (8.32; 16.13).
      • Truth in practice – sanctification (17.17, 19).
      • Truth as relational fidelity (1.17; 14.6).
  • 7. Holy Spirit in John
    • The Spirit of Truth Current in Judaism ( T. Jud. 20.1-5; 1 QS 3.18).
      • The other helping presence.
      • The world cannot accept (1 John 3.24).
      • The Devil (13.2; 13.27 ‘Satan’; 12.31 ‘prince of this world’; 17.15 ‘evil one’).
      • Not equally matched dualities.
  • 8. Holy Spirit in John
    • The Commissioning Scene (20.21-22).
      • Final reference to the Spirit (20.21-22).
      • Jesus’ breathing on the disciples saying ‘receive the Holy Spirit’ = symbolic promise.
      • Other views conflict with Acts 2.
      • The Greek verb enephys ēsen ‘breathed on’ rather than ‘breathed in’ (cf. Gen 2.7).
      • Narrative closure 1.1 creation to 20.22 renewed creation.
  • 9. 1 John
    • Anointing language – 1 John 2.20, 27.
    • Spirit of Truth and Spirit of Falsehood – 1 John 4.6.
    • Spirit’s testimony through water and the blood – 1 John 5.6-8.
  • 10. Conclusion
    • Jesus’ ministry is associated with the Spirit.
    • Spirit continues to empower disciples in their mission.
    • Spirit anoints believers.
    • Spirit and communal applications.
  • 11.