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  • This is a picture of an early lacrosse game. It was a very chaotic and violent game that left many participants injured or even dead.
  • Lacrosse is the oldest team sport in North America. A form of lacrosse was invented in Mexico around the 1100’s. Women’s lacrosse or Amtahcha was very similar to the men’s game except they used shorter sticks and the sticks had a bigger head .
  • Lacrosse was one of many other stick and ball games that native Americans
  • Each Style was dictated by the resources that the local native Americans had around them.
  • Besides that the two styles were very similar.
  • Rituals were very important for Native Americans. The called lacrosse little war so many of their rituals were associated with war. They would paint their bodies to intimidate their enemies. Their sticks would be decorated to bring them luck. There where also strict taboos on what a player could eat before a game.
  • War paint was used to intimidate the opposing teams. This tradition is still carried on today.
  • Very chaotic game. There were no set field dimensions. One game could last for several days but it normally went from sun up to sun down.
  • The two teams would meet the day before to decide the rules. There was rarely any boundaries and the goals could be anything from a boulder to a tree. Later on the started using wooden stakes that were drove into the ground.
  • The Game was played with as many as 1000 people on each side. It was very slow moving because of all the players. It was also a very physical game and players would often get injured or even killed. There was little to no passing in a game because it was considered a cowardice move.
  • Early lacrosse game.
  • Lacrosse was a way for the tribes to settle their conflicts. It was also a very important part of their culture. It was said to be the glue that kept the six nations of the Iroquois together by settling there conflicts.
  • The Game of lacrosse was also taken very seriously on a personal level. All the players had to put up a wager and some times they would even bet their own children and wives. The team that one the quarter would receive the items that were wagered.
  • After the game the tribes would do a ceremonial dance to honor their gods and the lacrosse players. After the ceremonial dance the tribe would prepare a fiest for the hungry lacrosse players. The feast could last the entire night.
  • Depending on the resources around them it would determine what was used to make the ball. An area rich with deer would often make the ball out of deer skin and stuff it with either animal or human hair. Or the ball would be carved out of wood.
  • The first sticks were very basic and were made entirely out of wood. These sticks did not have much control over the ball. The more advanced stick was fitted with netting made out of animal hide. This allowed for much more ball control for the players/
  • The size of the lacrosse stick depended on what area they lived. In the Eastern Woodland Native Americans would use longer sticks. But in the south west plains the Native Americans would use two smaller sticks instead of one bigger one. The carvings often had to do with the culture of the tribe and the family history of the player. The carvings were said to have helped the player.
  • Players considered their lacrosse sticks as a very personal piece of property. It was very personalized with carvings and meant a lot to them.
  • Lacrosse is known as the fastest game on two feet because of the speed and pace the game is played at,
  • Wooden shafts are still legal but they have bin replaced by stronger, lighter alloy. The plastic heads also allowed for better ball control changing the way lacrosse is played.
  • All the required pieces of equipment prevent vulnerable parts of the body that are most likely to get hit. The Chest protector is required for goalies only and so is the throat protector.
  • Lacrosse Helmets are designed a lot like bike helmets they are not meant for repeated heavy collisions like football helmets. They were made to prevent hit with shots or high checks.
  • Lacrosse Balls are 2.5 inches in diameter and they are made of solid rubber. Men’s balls are white while Women's balls are yellow. But they still share the same dimensions.
  • The dimensions of a Men’s lacrosse field are 110 yards from end line to end line and a with of 60 yards. The goals are 80 yards apart with 15 yards behind each goal. There are five basic lines on a lacrosse field the midline the two end lines and the two boxes. There is 20 yards between the midline.Website, My. US Lacrosse | National Men’s, Women’s and Youth Lacrosse. Web. 24 Mar. 2010. http://www.uslacrosse.org/.
  • No offense player can enter the crease. This will result in a change of possession and a free clear.Website, My. US Lacrosse | National Men’s, Women’s and Youth Lacrosse. Web. 24 Mar. 2010. http://www.uslacrosse.org/.
  • Every head has to be at least 10 inches long and 6 inches across at the top. The throat can not be smaller then 3 inches or it can not be bigger then 5 inches. Website, My. US Lacrosse | National Men’s, Women’s and Youth Lacrosse. Web. 24 Mar. 2010. http://www.uslacrosse.org/.
  • Each game starts with a face off and after each goal there is a faceoff. There is also a faceoff at the start of each quarter. Website, My. US Lacrosse | National Men’s, Women’s and Youth Lacrosse. Web. 24 Mar. 2010. http://www.uslacrosse.org/.
  • Face off which starts at midfield where only three players from each team can compete in. In high school it the referee says down set then blows the whistle. But in college lacrosse it just goes down then whistle to prevent cheating.
  • Each team has ten players on the field. But four players have to be on the defensive side at all times and three on the offensive side.Website, My. US Lacrosse | National Men’s, Women’s and Youth Lacrosse. Web. 24 Mar. 2010. http://www.uslacrosse.org/.
  • Failure in crossing the either of the lines will result in a failure to advance penalty and a loss of possession. Website, My. US Lacrosse | National Men’s, Women’s and Youth Lacrosse. Web. 24 Mar. 2010. http://www.uslacrosse.org/.
  • The technical fouls are 30 second penalties because they are not considered dangerous. Personal fouls are 1 minute because they can be dangerous to other players on the field.Website, My. US Lacrosse | National Men’s, Women’s and Youth Lacrosse. Web. 24 Mar. 2010. http://www.uslacrosse.org/.
  • On the left is a illegal check because it is in the back. A lose ball push which will result in a change of possession. On the right is a legal check it is in the front.
  • These fouls are minor and are not considered dangerous so the only punishment for this penalty is change in possession.Website, My. US Lacrosse | National Men’s, Women’s and Youth Lacrosse. Web. 24 Mar. 2010. http://www.uslacrosse.org/.
  • The Box is located between both of the players bench and the player serving the penalty has to stand in the box till the time is up. Then he is released back into the game on the fly. Website, My. US Lacrosse | National Men’s, Women’s and Youth Lacrosse. Web. 24 Mar. 2010. http://www.uslacrosse.org/.
  • Fundamentals win Championships
  • Keep your top hand as close to the head as possible. This allows for maximum control. Receive the ball like catching an egg. Do not snatch or swat at the ball. Move toward the ball when catching. "How to Play Lacrosse." Simplylacrosse.com. Web. 23 Mar. 2010.
  • Just like throwing a baseball. Point your elbow where you want to pass the ball. Follow through to allow for maximum accuracy. Try to pass the ball into your teammates box.
  • Over hand the most basic and fundamentally correct way to shoot. It is the hardest for the goalie to track because it can be on multiple plains. Underhand Only to different plains most effective from low to high. Side arm hardest to aim only on plain but can move side to side. Three quarter most popular on the run or when you have a defender on you. Shooting on the run most effective gets the goalie to move getting him out of his comfort range. "How to Play Lacrosse." Simplylacrosse.com. Web. 23 Mar. 2010.
  • Balanced stance shoulder with apart. Then you rotate your hips for maximum velocity. One hand placed in the middle of your shaft the other at the bottom to allow for maximum leverage increasing shot speed. Catch and release as fast as possible so the goalie does not have time to react. "How to Play Lacrosse." Simplylacrosse.com. Web. 23 Mar. 2010.
  • Free your hands to avoid a defenders check. Rotate your hips at time of shot. Most common shot is overhand or three quarter. Change plains because it will not have as much speed as a time and room shot. Try to hide your stick head so the goalie can not track the ball leaving your stick. ”How to Play Lacrosse." Simplylacrosse.com. Web. 23 Mar. 2010.
  • Catch and release shot where goalie is not. Normally there little time to set up so getting the ball in and out is very important. Like with the other shots change plains to make it harder on the goalie. "How to Play Lacrosse." Simplylacrosse.com. Web. 23 Mar. 2010.
  • Stay low to the ground with two hands on the stick at all times. Make sure to keep the ball in front of you. Scoop through and protect your stick with your body. Then run to free space away from any defenders. "How to Play Lacrosse." Simplylacrosse.com. Web. 23 Mar. 2010.
  • Play with your feet first. This means staying in control of your body. No lunging or waving at the stick. Throw checks on the hands and constantly be a bother. Also no big hacks or unnecessarily hard checks to avoid a slashing penalty."How to Play Lacrosse." Simplylacrosse.com. Web. 23 Mar. 2010.

Transcript

  • 1. Lacrosse (Little Brother of War)
    James Brennan
  • 2. Thesis
    The prevalence of lacrosse, the oldest team sport in North America, will be conveyed through a historical analysis of the sport and through a portrayal of its fundamentals.
  • 3. Personal Relevance
    I choose to do the topic of lacrosse because it has been such a big part of my life. I have been playing lacrosse since seventh grade. Weather it is competing for championships or just playing a pick up game in the back yard. Lacrosse has become a major part of my life.
  • 4. Overview
    History of lacrosse
    Modern Day Lacrosse
    Lacrosse Equipment
    Field Dimensions
    Penalties
    Fundamentals
    Application
    Class Activity
    Conclusion
    http://photos.upi.com/slideshow/lbox/0d9055183928b69fab6a3047feab638a/NCAA-LACROSSE-DIVISION-I-CHAMPIONSHIP-JOHNS-HOPKINS-DUKE.jpg
  • 5. http://www.mce.k12tn.net/indians/reports1/lacrosse.jpg
  • 6. Lacrosse Interesting Facts
    Lacrosse is the oldest team sport in North America.
    There was also a Women’s Version of lacrosse called Amtahcha. ( shorter sticks and bigger heads)
    Freed, Stanley. "Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today." Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today      23 (Dec. 2006): 44 . E-Library . Web. 1 Dec. 2009.      <http://elibrary.bigchalk.com/elibweb/elib/do/      document?set=search&dictionaryClick=&secondaryNav=&groupid=1&requestid=lib_standa      rd&resultid=4&edition=&ts=F28A9876F5576E4471968E465047F39B_1259678873042&start=1&      publicationId=&urn=urn%3Abigchalk%3AUS%3BBCLib%3Bdocument%3B135311900>
  • 7. History of Lacrosse
    Lacrosse was invented by native Americans.
    One of the many stick and ball games they played.
    Freed, Stanley. "Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today." Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today      23 (Dec. 2006): 44 . E-Library . Web. 1 Dec. 2009.      <http://elibrary.bigchalk.com/elibweb/elib/do/      document?set=search&dictionaryClick=&secondaryNav=&groupid=1&requestid=lib_standa      rd&resultid=4&edition=&ts=F28A9876F5576E4471968E465047F39B_1259678873042&start=1&      publicationId=&urn=urn%3Abigchalk%3AUS%3BBCLib%3Bdocument%3B135311900>
    http://alax.nl/img/61.jpg
  • 8. Forms of Lacrosse
    Early lacrosse had three basic forms. The southeastern, Great lakes and Iroquoian
    Each style was different based on the region they lived in and the resources they had to make their equipment.
    Venum, Thomas, Jr. "American Indian Lacrosse: little brother of war ."      American Indian Lacrosse: little brother of war (2007): n. pag. Rpt. in      American Indian Lacrosse: little brother of war . By THOMAS VENUM, JR.      N.p.: n.p., 2007. N. pag. http://wf2dnvr11.webfeat.org:80/KjNFN12035/      url=http. Web. 1 Dec. 2009. <http:/http://wf2dnvr11.webfeat.org:80/      KjNFN12035/url=http>.
    http://www.superiorlacrosseclub.org/lax101/images/Indian_Lacrosse.jpg
  • 9. Lacrosse Styles
    The Plain Indians would play with two sticks that were smaller.
    While the eastern woodland Native Americans would play with one stick.
    Venum, Thomas, Jr. "American Indian Lacrosse: little brother of war ."      American Indian Lacrosse: little brother of war (2007): n. pag. Rpt. in      American Indian Lacrosse: little brother of war . By THOMAS VENUM, JR.      N.p.: n.p., 2007. N. pag. http://wf2dnvr11.webfeat.org:80/KjNFN12035/      url=http. Web. 1 Dec. 2009. <http:/http://wf2dnvr11.webfeat.org:80/      KjNFN12035/url=http>.
    http://www.learnnc.org/lp/media/uploads/2007/09/lacrosse.jpg
  • 10. Native American Pregame Rituals
    They were very similar to rituals associated with war
    They would Paint their bodies and decorated their sticks.
    There were strict rules on what a player could eat before the game.
    Duffy, Neil. The Spirit in the Stick. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.
  • 11. http://mountaincabinbythelake.com/images/todo/native.jpg
    http://static.photo.net/attachments/bboard/005/005zgD-14448584.jpg
  • 12.
  • 13. Early Lacrosse
    As many as 100 to 1,000 men would play from each village.
    The game would be played on an open plain between each village. On a field that could be miles long.
    The game could last for several days but it normally went from sun up to sun down.
    Freed, Stanley. "Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today." Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today      23 (Dec. 2006): 44 . E-Library . Web. 1 Dec. 2009.      <http://elibrary.bigchalk.com/elibweb/elib/do/      document?set=search&dictionaryClick=&secondaryNav=&groupid=1&requestid=lib_standa      rd&resultid=4&edition=&ts=F28A9876F5576E4471968E465047F39B_1259678873042&start=1&      publicationId=&urn=urn%3Abigchalk%3AUS%3BBCLib%3Bdocument%3B135311900>.
  • 14. Early Lacrosse Cont.
    The rules were decided the day before.
    There was often no boundaries.
    The goals were big boulders or trees later they would use wooden poles put into the ground.
    Freed, Stanley. "Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today." Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today      23 (Dec. 2006): 44 . E-Library . Web. 1 Dec. 2009.      <http://elibrary.bigchalk.com/elibweb/elib/do/      document?set=search&dictionaryClick=&secondaryNav=&groupid=1&requestid=lib_standa      rd&resultid=4&edition=&ts=F28A9876F5576E4471968E465047F39B_1259678873042&start=1&      publicationId=&urn=urn%3Abigchalk%3AUS%3BBCLib%3Bdocument%3B135311900>.
  • 15. Early lacrosse Continued
    The Game started when the ball was thrown up in the air and both sides rushed toward it.
    The game was slow moving because of the massive number of players.
    Passing was considered a trick and a cowardice move because you wanted to dodge an opposing player.
    Freed, Stanley. "Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today." Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today      23 (Dec. 2006): 44 . E-Library . Web. 1 Dec. 2009.      <http://elibrary.bigchalk.com/elibweb/elib/do/      document?set=search&dictionaryClick=&secondaryNav=&groupid=1&requestid=lib_standa      rd&resultid=4&edition=&ts=F28A9876F5576E4471968E465047F39B_1259678873042&start=1&      publicationId=&urn=urn%3Abigchalk%3AUS%3BBCLib%3Bdocument%3B135311900>.
  • 16. http://tilburglax.nl/images/Indian%20lacrosse2.jpg
  • 17. Significance of the Game
    Lacrosse was used to settle Inter-tribal conflicts.
    It is the reason that the six nations of the Iroquois together
    Duffy, Neil. The Spirit in the Stick. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print
    http://ryecityschools.milton.schoolfusion.us/modules/groups/homepagefiles/cms/496886/Image/Webquests/Algonquin%
  • 18. The Stakes
    Before the game every player made a wager (knives, horses, Goods)
    Sometimes even wives and children were bet.
    Items where awarded to the winners of the game
    http://www.windmilltradingco.com/Images/HomePage%202.jpg
  • 19. After the Game
    A ceremonial dance took place
    A feast for all the hungry players
    http://www.historycooperative.org/journals/ohq/106.3/images/williams_fig01b.jpg
  • 20. First Lacrosse Balls
    Lacrosse balls were made of wood or deer skin stuffed with hair.
    3 inches in diameter
  • 21. First Lacrosse Sticks
    The First lacrosse sticks were basically giant wooden spoons with no netting.
    A more advanced type had one end bent into a 4 or 5 inch circle which was filled with netting.
    Freed, Stanley. "Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today." Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today      23 (Dec. 2006): 44 . E-Library . Web. 1 Dec. 2009.      <http://elibrary.bigchalk.com/elibweb/elib/do/      document?set=search&dictionaryClick=&secondaryNav=&groupid=1&requestid=lib_standa      rd&resultid=4&edition=&ts=F28A9876F5576E4471968E465047F39B_1259678873042&start=1&      publicationId=&urn=urn%3Abigchalk%3AUS%3BBCLib%3Bdocument%3B135311900>.
    http://www.hemplax.com/image/native-american-lacrosse-replica.gif
  • 22. First Lacrosse Sticks Cont.
    Lengths ranged from 2 to 5 feet.
    Sticks often had carvings on them to help the player in the game.
    Venum, Thomas, Jr. "American Indian Lacrosse: little brother of war ."      American Indian Lacrosse: little brother of war (2007): n. pag. Rpt. in      American Indian Lacrosse: little brother of war . By THOMAS VENUM, JR.      N.p.: n.p., 2007. N. pag. http://wf2dnvr11.webfeat.org:80/KjNFN12035/      url=http. Web. 1 Dec. 2009. <http:/http://wf2dnvr11.webfeat.org:80/      KjNFN12035/url=http>.
    http://www.uwlax.edu/MVAC/images/Games/lacrosse%20stick%20W.jpg
  • 23. Significance of the Stick
    Lacrosse sticks were considered a extremely valuable piece of property.
    Most lacrosse players requested to be buried with their stick.
    Duffy, Neil. The Spirit in the Stick. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.
    http://jenssannerud.com/lacrosse%20stick.jpg
  • 24. Fastest Game on Two Feet
    http://www4.pictures.gi.zimbio.com/NCAA+Lacrosse+Semifinals+Johns+Hopkins+v+Duke+97qozQ-wOUil.jpg
  • 25. Modern Lacrosse
    Played with a small rubber ball.
    Metal shafts plastic heads.
    http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://blog.syracuse.com/orangelacrosse/2009/
  • 26. Safety Equipment
    required
    Mouth piece
    Helmet
    Shoulder pads
    Elbow pads
    Gloves
    Optional
    Throat protector
    Shoulder guards
    Rib pads
    Chest protector
  • 27. http://www.morleyathletic.com/images/BM20435x.gif
  • 28. Modern Lacrosse Balls
    2.5 inches in diameter
    Made of rubber
    Women’s balls are yellow
    Men’s balls are white
    http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lax_ball.jpg
  • 29. http://www.athleticfieldmarker.com/images/LacrosseYouthnHSDimensions.jpg
  • 30. Crease
    The crease is the circle around the net that an offense player can not enter.
    The crease is 18 ft in diameter
  • 31. Stick Dimensions
    http://laxbuzz.files.wordpress.com/2009/09/ncaa-2010-lacrosse-head-requirements1.jpg
  • 32. Start of Game
    Each Game starts with a face off on the midline
    There are only three players from each team that can compete in the face off until possession is determined.
    After each goal there is also a face off
  • 33. http://laxbuzz.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/syracuse-face-off-x-domination.jpg
  • 34. Basic Rules
    Each team has 10 players on the field
    There must be 4 players on the defensive side of the field at all times and 3 on the offensive side
  • 35. During Play
    The Ball must make it over the midline in 20 seconds
    Then 10 seconds to get it into the box
  • 36. Penalties
    30 Sec Technical foul
    Push with possession
    Offside's
    Interference
    1 min Personal foul
    Slashing
    Tripping
    Illegal Body Check
    Cross Checking
    Unsportsmanlike Conduct
  • 37. http://www.collegefanz.com/servlet/JiveServlet/previewBody/8435-102-1-9052/Jarvis%20Hit.JPG
    http://i273.photobucket.com/albums/jj229/xciv_2007/lemoynehit.jpg
  • 38. Change of Possession
    Failure to advance
    Lose ball push
    http://images.veer.com/IMG/PIMG/CCP/CCP0006937_P.JPG
  • 39. Serving the Penalty
    The player that commits the foul must spend that amount of time in the penalty box.
    The team that committed the foul has to play one man short until the penalty is served
  • 40. Fundamentals
    http://photos.suburbanonesports.com/p/051310_upper_merion_vs_upper_dublin_kc/kc1_7276_34_3_11
  • 41. Catching
    Hand at throat of stick
    Receive the ball
    Do not snatch or swat
    Move to the ball
    http://media.highschoolplaybook.com/networks/Centralflorida/images/member_album_photos/363545/IMG_4184_original183104.JPG
  • 42. Passing
    Point elbow
    Follow through
    Pass into the box
    http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/images/200904/panchak_lacrosse_sports_2_330.jpg
  • 43. Shooting styles
    Over hand
    Underhand
    Side arm
    Three quarter
    Shooting on the Run
    http://www.bainbridgelax.com/images/wrongShot.jpg
  • 44. Time and Room
    Shoulder with apart stance
    Rotate hips
    Hands placed
    http://imagecache.artistrising.com/artwork/lgb//2/233/6NC3000A.jpg
  • 45. Shooting on the Run
    Free your hands
    Rotate your hips
    Over hand or three quarter
    Change plains
    Hide stick
    http://www.hblacrosse.com/images/jb-gotrope.jpg
  • 46. Quick Stick
    In and out
    Change plains
    http://www.laxpower.com/graphics/garrity_09.jpg
  • 47. Ground Balls
    Get low
    Keep ball in front
    Keep stick low to ground
    http://www.eteamz.com/jacksonlacrosse/images/DSC_4579.jpg
  • 48. Defense
    Play with your feet
    Keep opposing player in front
    Check hands
    http://udothedishes.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/lax-defender.jpg
  • 49. Application
    For my application I made a lacrosse shaft out of wood.
    I also Created a how to video explaining the basics and faceoff's.
  • 50.
  • 51. Class Activity
    Clamp, Laser, Jam, Shoot
    Same rules as rock paper scissors shoot.
    Clamp beats Jam, Laser beats Clamp, Jam beats laser.
    Tournament rules
  • 52. Work Cited
    "The History of Lacrosse." Laxhistory.com. Web. 20 Mar. 2010.http://www.laxhistory.com/
    Vennum, Thomas. "Native American History of Lacrosse." Http://www.laxhistory.com/. Web. 20 Mar. 2010. <http://www.laxhistory.com/>.
    Duffy, Neil. The Spirit in the Stick. Virginia Beach, VA: Duffy Publishing, 2007
    "How to Play Lacrosse." Simplylacrosse.com. Web. 23 Mar. 2010. <http://www.simplylacrosse.com/how-to-play-lacrosse.html>.
    Way, By The. "[Tutorial] Homemade Wood Shaft." The Lacrosse Forums. Web. 24 May 2010. <http://forums.insidelacrosse.com/showthread.php?t=61180>.
    Website, My. US Lacrosse | National Men’s, Women’s and Youth Lacrosse. Web. 24 Mar. 2010.http://www.uslacrosse.org/.
    Freed, Stanley. "Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today." Lacrosse: Yesterday and Today      23 (Dec. 2006): 44 . E-Library . Web. 1 Dec. 2009.      <http://elibrary.bigchalk.com/elibweb/elib/do/      document?set=search&dictionaryClick=&secondaryNav=&groupid=1&requestid=lib_standa      rd&resultid=4&edition=&ts=F28A9876F5576E4471968E465047F39B_1259678873042&start=1&      publicationId=&urn=urn%3Abigchalk%3AUS%3BBCLib%3Bdocument%3B135311900>
  • 53. Conclusion
    Lacrosse is the oldest team sport in America and teaches valuable skills such as team work and determination. As the fastest growing sport in America it is quickly becoming a bigger part of our culture.