International School• Social Context:• Canada is a relatively young nation, founded in 1867 with a population of approx. 25 million citizens.• Political power is highly decentralised.• Canadians of British and French origin form the largest ethnic groups in Canada;• 40 % British and French 27%. French and British Canadians are unequally distributed across the country.
St Lambert School• The St. Lambert Experiment• With the growing importance of French as the main working language of Quebec and increasing dissatisfaction with the linguistic barriers between English and French Canadians, a concerned group of English-speaking parents in St Lambert, outside Montreal, began to meet informally in the early 1960’s to discuss the situation (Lambert & Tucker, 1972).• After meeting for 2 years, they succeeded in getting the school district to set up an experimental kindergarten immersion class in September 1965.
Aims of the St Lambert ExperimentThe children should:• become competent in speaking, reading and writing French;• reach normal achievement levels throughout the curriculum including the English language;• appreciate the traditions and culture of French speaking Canadians as well as English speaking Canadians.• In short, the aims were for children to become bilingual and bicultural without loss of achievement.
Teachers and Students role• Teachers role:• Guide• Facilitator• Students role:• Independent• Autonomus• Student-centred