God'sEconomy 3: Secularization sociology

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Lecture 3

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God'sEconomy 3: Secularization sociology

  1. 1. Approaches to Religion White Guys make theories
  2. 4. Secularization - Sociology <ul><li>Who believes the myth of secularization? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there privatization </li></ul>
  3. 5. Secularization <ul><li>1 religious person leaves a cloister </li></ul><ul><li>2 Calling moves from religious to secular sphere </li></ul><ul><li>3 process of expropriating land - relocating stuff </li></ul>
  4. 6. Pre -Modern <ul><li>Two worlds - two swords </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dictated by the church </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Everyone was a Christian </li></ul><ul><li>More religious? </li></ul>
  5. 7. Modern <ul><li> • Not dictated by the church - not binary but multiplex </li></ul><ul><li> • Differentiation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-- Economy, state, science, religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>• End result? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-- End of religion - fundamentalism a last gasp </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-- Change in religion - I.e. privatization </li></ul></ul>
  6. 8. Engines of Secularization <ul><li>Protestant Reformation </li></ul><ul><li>Modern Nation States </li></ul><ul><li>Modern Capitalism </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific revolution </li></ul>
  7. 9. Secularization - A Fantasy? <ul><li>Since WWII most religions grew or stayed vital </li></ul><ul><li>Western Europe? </li></ul><ul><li>Japan, US? </li></ul>
  8. 10. Enlightenment Critique of Religion <ul><li>Against supernatural worldview </li></ul><ul><li>Against church institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Against idea of God </li></ul>
  9. 11. Privatization? <ul><li>Is it private? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it resistance? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it creative? More than atavistic clinging? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If so, how? </li></ul></ul>

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