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USN in WW II; session ii, Atlantic Surface Ops, part i--outline
USN in WW II; session ii, Atlantic Surface Ops, part i--outline
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USN in WW II; session ii, Atlantic Surface Ops, part i--outline

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This handout for session ii contains 1) an outline 2) major points from the last session 3) questions to answer while viewing this presentation. It is tied to the intro presentation which is showing …

This handout for session ii contains 1) an outline 2) major points from the last session 3) questions to answer while viewing this presentation. It is tied to the intro presentation which is showing continuously as students arrive during the 20 minutes before class. These study aids have three purposes: 1) promote punctuality 2) review the previous material 3) guide the viewing of the new information

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  • 1. The U.S. Navy in World War II Part I-War in the Atlantic Session ii- Atlantic Surface Operations, I (71 slides) I. “Phony War” (4-10) A. Poland-a violent beginning B. from Blitzkrieg to Sitzkrieg II. The War Begins at Sea (11-18) A. Adm. Raeder gives the Führer options B. the Kriegsmarine at war’s outset C. Britain’s strategy D. the convoy system III. The Battle of the River Plate (19-33) A. Graf Spee’s early successes B. the battle C. its aftermath IV. Other Early Operations (34-41) A. U-47’s coup B. Prien’s later career C. the Altmark affair V. The Invasion of Norway (42-71) A. Both sides prepare to violate Norwegian neutrality 1. Germany’s motive 2. Britain’s motive B. German success 1. the plan 2. the execution
  • 2. C. British failure 1. mistakes? major points from last week’s session: • the Paris Peace treaties sowed the seeds of WW II. The League of Nations was doomed from the start • the disarmament conferences were unable to secure their goals • in the ‘30s U.S. naval rebuilding began under FDR’s leadership. The tempo increased as war loomed • WW II can be said to have begun on 18 September 1931 • Italy demonstrated the weakness of the League of Nations and the collective security system in Ethiopia • Hitler “went the Japanese and the Italians one better” • American pacifism and isolationism were understandable though wrong questions to answer in this session: • why did the phony war happen on land? why wasn’t there a similar one at sea? • what was Britain’s most vital naval task? • how was Graf Spee eliminated by inferior British forces? • what German triumph put Scapa Flow in the news again? • what was the significance of the Altmark affair? • why did Germany invade Denmark and Norway? • how would you evaluate the operation? the British response? 1/31/14 jbp

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