Napoleon Part 2; session 1 intro

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This is the introduction to the first session of my class on Napoleon, Part 2 (1807-1821)

This is the introduction to the first session of my class on Napoleon, Part 2 (1807-1821)

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Transcript

  • 1. Napoleon Part 2 session i Apogee(the high point of an orbit)
  • 2. Napoleon Part 2 session i Apogee(the high point of an orbit)
  • 3. course outlinei-Apogeeii-Spainiii-Wellingtoniv-Russiav-Sixth Coalitionvi-Völkerschlachtvii-The Hundred Daysviii-Waterloo & St Helena
  • 4. Major points from last spring
  • 5. Major points from last springthe Corsican Buonaparte became a Frenchman during the FrenchRevolution, he was both its loyal son and later its destroyeras a 26-year-old military prodigy, he defeated Austria’s four bestgenerals in the first Italian campaignthe Boulogne camp was to be the base for the attack on England.Instead it became the birthplace for the Grand ArmyNelson showed superior abilities at Trafalgar. Thereafter there wasnever serious fear that Britain would be invadedAusterlitz, the premier Napoleonic battle, showed all his abilitiesPrussia was completely defeated at Jena-Auerstadt. The long termoutcome was reforms which made her the 19th centurypowerhouse
  • 6. Major points in this session
  • 7. Major points in this sessionNapoleon’s Polish campaign once again humbled Prussia and RussiaEylau was a bloody draw but Friedland was a decisive victorythe Peace of Tilsit left only Britain to frustrate Napoleonhis solution was the Continental System. Thus he hoped to win thewar at sea with a land-based strategyinstead this economic warfare proved his undoingBritain and Austria produced yet a Fifth Coalitionat Wagram, Napoleon avenged his defeat at Aspern-Essling and, forthe umpteenth time, humiliated the House of Habsburg. At a bloodycost, he reached the apogee of his military power
  • 8. Review of last spring’s sessions
  • 9. =
  • 10. =
  • 11. his first national notice 1793
  • 12. The Demonstration of 13 Vendemiaire Napoleon delivers “a whiff of grapeshot” October 1795
  • 13. Joséphine
  • 14. the petit caporal sights one of his guns First Italian Campaign, 1796-1797
  • 15. the myth of Arcola
  • 16. the Revolution comes to Italy
  • 17. battle of the Pyramids, 1798
  • 18. the battle of the Nile 1798
  • 19. the battle of the Nile 1798
  • 20. Napoleon seizes power, 1799 -- the heroic version
  • 21. Napoleon gets the land; Pitt, the seas
  • 22. Remember the three-legged stool of British foreign policy?
  • 23. Remember the three-legged stool of British foreign policy?1-maintain the balance of 2-keep the mouth of thepower on the Continent Scheldt River in friendly/ weak hands 3- sea power
  • 24. Captain Horatio Nelson (picture painted in1781)
  • 25. The Battle ofCopenhagen, 1801
  • 26. Suvorov’s Journey across the Alps in 1799
  • 27. sessions remainingii-Spainiii-Wellingtoniv-Russiav-Sixth Coalitionvi-Völkerschlachtvii-The Hundred Daysviii-Waterloo & St Helena
  • 28. Major points from last spring
  • 29. Major points from last springthe Corsican Buonaparte became a Frenchman during the FrenchRevolution, he was both its loyal son and later its destroyeras a 26-year-old military prodigy, he defeated Austria’s four bestgenerals in the first Italian campaignthe Boulogne camp was to be the base for the attack on England.Instead it became the birthplace for the Grand ArmyNelson showed superior abilities at Trafalgar. Thereafter there wasnever serious fear that Britain would be invadedAusterlitz, the premier Napoleonic battle, showed all his abilitiesPrussia was completely defeated at Jena-Auerstadt. The long termoutcome was reforms which made her the 19th centurypowerhouse
  • 30. Major points in this session
  • 31. Major points in this sessionNapoleon’s Polish campaign once again humbled Prussia and RussiaEylau was a bloody draw but Friedland was a decisive victorythe Peace of Tilsit left only Britain to frustrate Napoleonhis solution was the Continental System. Thus he hoped to win thewar at sea with a land-based strategyinstead this economic warfare proved his undoingBritain and Austria produced yet a Fifth Coalitionat Wagram, Napoleon avenged his defeat at Aspern-Essling and, forthe umpteenth time, humiliated the House of Habsburg. At a bloodycost, he reached the apogee of his military power
  • 32. The Consulate, 1799-1801
  • 33. David’s famous picture of the 2nd Italian campaign
  • 34. his logo as Premier Consul 1801-1804
  • 35. FouchéChief of Police
  • 36. peace with England, 1802-1803
  • 37. Talleyrand
  • 38. Under a vague symbolrepresenting the Deity, Bonaparte grants religious toleration to every sort of creed
  • 39. Pope Pius VIIthe Concordat with Rome 1801
  • 40. Sacre de lempereur Napoléon Ier et couronnement de limpératrice Joséphine dans la cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris, le 2 décembre 1804 Jacques-Louis David, 1805-1808
  • 41. Napoléon Ier sur le trône impérial Jean Auguste Dominic Ingres 1806
  • 42. « First distribution of the Légion of Honor at the Boulogne camp »
  • 43. diagram of the bargesintended for the British invasion
  • 44. Major points in this session
  • 45. Major points in this sessionNapoleon’s Polish campaign once again humbled Prussia and RussiaEylau was a bloody draw but Friedland was a decisive victorythe Peace of Tilsit left only Britain to frustrate Napoleonhis solution was the Continental System. Thus he hoped to win thewar at sea with a land-based strategyinstead this economic warfare proved his undoingBritain and Austria produced yet a Fifth Coalitionat Wagram, Napoleon avenged his defeat at Aspern-Essling and, forthe umpteenth time, humiliated the House of Habsburg. At a bloodycost, he reached the apogee of his military power
  • 46. England mocks “Boney”
  • 47. Nelson chases Villeneuve March-October, 1805
  • 48. “England expects that every man will do his duty” Trafalgar, 1805
  • 49. Nelson’s memorial Copenhagen the Nile Trafalgar
  • 50. The Oath the Army makes to the Emperor after the distribution of the Eagles on the Field of Mars
  • 51. the Emperor’s military household
  • 52. Napoleon’s care for his soldiers the first field ambulances
  • 53. a mobile field kitchen“the Armée marches on its stomach”
  • 54. Austrian General Mack surrenders at Ulm
  • 55. Austerlitz2 December 1805
  • 56. Major points in this session
  • 57. Major points in this sessionNapoleon’s Polish campaign once again humbled Prussia and RussiaEylau was a bloody draw but Friedland was a decisive victorythe Peace of Tilsit left only Britain to frustrate Napoleonhis solution was the Continental System. Thus he hoped to win thewar at sea with a land-based strategyinstead this economic warfare proved his undoingBritain and Austria produced yet a Fifth Coalitionat Wagram, Napoleon avenged his defeat at Aspern-Essling and, forthe umpteenth time, humiliated the House of Habsburg. At a bloodycost, he reached the apogee of his military power
  • 58. Napoleon’s monument to Austerlitz
  • 59. Napoleon’sConfederation of the Rhine, 1806-1813
  • 60. Prussian King Frederick William III
  • 61. Officers of the élite Prussian Guard, wishing to provoke war, ostentatiously sharpen their swords on the steps of the French embassy in Berlin in the autumn of 1805.
  • 62. Officers of the élite Prussian Guard, wishing to provoke war, ostentatiously sharpen their swords on the steps of the French embassy in Berlin in the autumn of 1805.
  • 63. Bonaparte enters Berlin
  • 64. Napoleon’s monument to Jena
  • 65. Preview of this week’s session
  • 66. The Grand Duchy of Warsaw
  • 67. Eylau, February 1807
  • 68. Friedland, June 1807
  • 69. the raft at Tilsit
  • 70. Napoleon & Alexander charmone another
  • 71. Prussiankönigin Luise by Vigee Lebrun
  • 72. TheContinental System
  • 73. TheContinental System
  • 74. Viceroy of Italy Eugene deBeauharnais
  • 75. JosephBonaparte King of Naples
  • 76. LouisBonaparte King of Holland
  • 77. JeromeBonaparte King ofWestphalia
  • 78. Emperor Francis I of Austria
  • 79. Emperor Francis I of Austria
  • 80. Wagram, July 1809
  • 81. MarshalMacDonald’s Great Square
  • 82. MarshalMacDonald’s Great Square
  • 83. Britain’s failed Walcheren expedition, 1809
  • 84. Tyrolean patriot Andreas Hofer executed
  • 85. Major points in this session
  • 86. Major points in this sessionNapoleon’s Polish campaign once again humbled Prussia and RussiaEylau was a bloody draw but Friedland was a decisive victorythe Peace of Tilsit left only Britain to frustrate Napoleonhis solution was the Continental System. Thus he hoped to win thewar at sea with a land-based strategyinstead this economic warfare proved his undoingBritain and Austria produced yet a Fifth Coalitionat Wagram, Napoleon avenged his defeat at Aspern-Essling and, forthe umpteenth time, humiliated the House of Habsburg. At a bloodycost, he reached the apogee of his military power