Intro to presentation 6; "Nemesis" 1944-45

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The last session begins with the resistance to Hitler and its last failure, 20 Juli 44. It takes the story to the end of the 12-Year Reich.

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  • Intro to presentation 6; "Nemesis" 1944-45

    1. 1. The 12-Year Reich 1933-1945 Session 6 Hitler Brought Down, Nemesis, 1944-1945
    2. 2. For Further Study Antony Beevor. The Fall of Berlin 1945. Saul Friedländer. The Years of Extermination; Nazi Germany and the Jews, 1939-1945. NYC: Harper Collins, 2007. John Keegan. The Second World War. Ian Kershaw, vol II, Chap. 15 - Epilogue, pp. 702-841.
    3. 3. Key points from Session 5 Hitler fought on but was clearly shaken and diminished after Stalingrad. His popularity plummeted. Goebbels’ call for “Total War” produced some desperate efforts but also was answered by resistance. after North Africa, the Allies invaded Italy. There they encountered stiff German resistance after Italy collapsed. Hitler hoped his Kursk offensive would regain the initiative after Stalingrad. Instead, it had the opposite effect. D-Day, 6 June 1944, marked the beginning of the end. But there would be a long road ahead. the 20.juli.44 bomb plot was “an honourable defeat” and marked the end of German resistance to Hitler
    4. 4. Unbeugsamer Glaube undoubting belief fanatischer Siegeswille fanatical “victory will” still Hitler’s “script” even after Stalingrad
    5. 5. Unbeugsamer Glaube undoubting belief fanatischer Siegeswille fanatical “victory will” still Hitler’s “script” even after Stalingrad
    6. 6. Sophie Scholl
    7. 7. the White Rose
    8. 8. frame from the film “Sophie Scholl”
    9. 9. dead German paratrooper
    10. 10. The 12-Year Reich 1933-1945 Session 6 Hitler Brought Down, Nemesis, 1944-1945
    11. 11. For Further Study Antony Beevor. The Fall of Berlin 1945. Saul Friedländer. The Years of Extermination; Nazi Germany and the Jews, 1939-1945. NYC: Harper Collins, 2007. John Keegan. The Second World War. Ian Kershaw, vol II, Chap. 15 - Epilogue, pp. 702-841.
    12. 12. Key points from Session 5 Hitler fought on but was clearly shaken and diminished after Stalingrad. His popularity plummeted. Goebbels’ call for “Total War” produced some desperate efforts but also was answered by resistance. after North Africa, the Allies invaded Italy. There they encountered stiff German resistance after Italy collapsed. Hitler hoped his Kursk offensive would regain the initiative after Stalingrad. Instead, it had the opposite effect. D-Day, 6 June 1944, marked the beginning of the end. But there would be a long road ahead. the 20.juli.44 bomb plot was “an honourable defeat” and marked the end of German resistance to Hitler
    13. 13. SOVIET CITIZENS AND CITIZENS OF THE OCCUPIED GERMAN DISTRICTS HELP THE PARTISANS IN THEIR STRUGGLE AGAINST THE GERMANS. YOU ALSO FIGHT THE GERMANS. DEATH TO THE GERMAN OCCUPIERS!
    14. 14. the White Rose leaflet
    15. 15. BEAT THE ENEMY UNTIL HE’S ENTIRELY DESTROYED!
    16. 16. Deadly Business
    17. 17. more Soviet partisans
    18. 18. Soviet leaflet urging German soldiers to surrender
    19. 19. The 12-Year Reich 1933-1945 Session 6 Hitler Brought Down, Nemesis, 1944-1945
    20. 20. For Further Study Antony Beevor. The Fall of Berlin 1945. Saul Friedländer. The Years of Extermination; Nazi Germany and the Jews, 1939-1945. NYC: Harper Collins, 2007. John Keegan. The Second World War. Ian Kershaw, vol II, Chap. 15 - Epilogue, pp. 702-841.
    21. 21. Key points from Session 5 Hitler fought on but was clearly shaken and diminished after Stalingrad. His popularity plummeted. Goebbels’ call for “Total War” produced some desperate efforts but also was answered by resistance. after North Africa, the Allies invaded Italy. There they encountered stiff German resistance after Italy collapsed. Hitler hoped his Kursk offensive would regain the initiative after Stalingrad. Instead, it had the opposite effect. D-Day, 6 June 1944, marked the beginning of the end. But there would be a long road ahead. the 20.juli.44 bomb plot was “an honourable defeat” and marked the end of German resistance to Hitler
    22. 22. Forward! Victory is near!
    23. 23. Hero City Lenin- grad
    24. 24. fallen Soviet soldier
    25. 25. panorama of Stalingrad across the Volga
    26. 26. the second Russian winter
    27. 27. German & Romanian POWs, Feb, 1943
    28. 28. All Hail the 25th anniversary of the Leninist-Stalinist KomSoMol (League of Communist Youth)
    29. 29. Now, VOLK, arise and storm break forth! from Goebbels’ “Total War” speech, 18.februar.1943
    30. 30. This was the Allied first blow ... propaganda leaflet
    31. 31. The 12-Year Reich 1933-1945 Session 6 Hitler Brought Down, Nemesis, 1944-1945
    32. 32. For Further Study Antony Beevor. The Fall of Berlin 1945. Saul Friedländer. The Years of Extermination; Nazi Germany and the Jews, 1939-1945. NYC: Harper Collins, 2007. John Keegan. The Second World War. Ian Kershaw, vol II, Chap. 15 - Epilogue, pp. 702-841.
    33. 33. Key points from Session 5 Hitler fought on but was clearly shaken and diminished after Stalingrad. His popularity plummeted. Goebbels’ call for “Total War” produced some desperate efforts but also was answered by resistance. after North Africa, the Allies invaded Italy. There they encountered stiff German resistance after Italy collapsed. Hitler hoped his Kursk offensive would regain the initiative after Stalingrad. Instead, it had the opposite effect. D-Day, 6 June 1944, marked the beginning of the end. But there would be a long road ahead. the 20.juli.44 bomb plot was “an honourable defeat” and marked the end of German resistance to Hitler
    34. 34. THE FRONT DRAWS NEARER
    35. 35. TRUE TO HIS OATH SLAIN IN THE STRUGGLE FOR THE FREEDOM OF GREATER GERMANY NCO Hans Ristaü on 17.7.1944 THE HERO’S DEATH FOR FUEHRER•VOLK AND VATERLAND
    36. 36. 20.juli.44
    37. 37. 57,000 German POWS paraded thru Moscow May, 1944
    38. 38. The 12-Year Reich 1933-1945 Session 6 Hitler Brought Down, Nemesis, 1944-1945
    39. 39. For Further Study Antony Beevor. The Fall of Berlin 1945. Saul Friedländer. The Years of Extermination; Nazi Germany and the Jews, 1939-1945. NYC: Harper Collins, 2007. John Keegan. The Second World War. Ian Kershaw, vol II, Chap. 15 - Epilogue, pp. 702-841.
    40. 40. Key points from Session 5 Hitler fought on but was clearly shaken and diminished after Stalingrad. His popularity plummeted. Goebbels’ call for “Total War” produced some desperate efforts but also was answered by resistance. after North Africa, the Allies invaded Italy. There they encountered stiff German resistance after Italy collapsed. Hitler hoped his Kursk offensive would regain the initiative after Stalingrad. Instead, it had the opposite effect. D-Day, 6 June 1944, marked the beginning of the end. But there would be a long road ahead. the 20.juli.44 bomb plot was “an honourable defeat” and marked the end of German resistance to Hitler
    41. 41. gains of Operation Bagration, summer 1944
    42. 42. the Warsaw uprising, August, 1944
    43. 43. Thor 620 cm mortar
    44. 44. The 12-Year Reich 1933-1945 Session 6 Hitler Brought Down, Nemesis, 1944-1945
    45. 45. For Further Study Antony Beevor. The Fall of Berlin 1945. Saul Friedländer. The Years of Extermination; Nazi Germany and the Jews, 1939-1945. NYC: Harper Collins, 2007. John Keegan. The Second World War. Ian Kershaw, vol II, Chap. 15 - Epilogue, pp. 702-841.
    46. 46. Key points from Session 5 Hitler fought on but was clearly shaken and diminished after Stalingrad. His popularity plummeted. Goebbels’ call for “Total War” produced some desperate efforts but also was answered by resistance. after North Africa, the Allies invaded Italy. There they encountered stiff German resistance after Italy collapsed. Hitler hoped his Kursk offensive would regain the initiative after Stalingrad. Instead, it had the opposite effect. D-Day, 6 June 1944, marked the beginning of the end. But there would be a long road ahead. the 20.juli.44 bomb plot was “an honourable defeat” and marked the end of German resistance to Hitler
    47. 47. fleeing the Reds, March, 1945
    48. 48. Dresden, February, 1945
    49. 49. Dresden, February, 1945
    50. 50. Soviet artillery firing on Berlin April, 1945
    51. 51. by the Zoo Flak tower Panther with night vision
    52. 52. Soviet “pass” to encourage German deserters
    53. 53. unsuccessful deserter
    54. 54. Führersgeburtstag, 20.iv.45 Führer’s birthday, April 20, 1945
    55. 55. Berlin’s defenders as POWs
    56. 56. Berlin’s defenders as POWs
    57. 57. Keitel signs the surrender

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