Intro to Greece session 2

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the transition from Dark Ages to Archaic Greece

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Intro to Greece session 2

  1. 1. Classical Greece session ii - Polis
  2. 2. course outlinei - Originsii - Polisiii - Colonies & Tyrantsiv - Sparta & Athensv - Great Wars, 490-404vi - Golden Agevii - Second Military Revolutionviii - Hellenism
  3. 3. Major Points in the last SessionWe study ancient Greece for many reasons, especially because it isthe foundation of Western CivilizationArchaeology is our primary source of knowledge about prehistoricGreeceThe bronze age culture of Mycenaean Greece was aristocraticThere are complex problems in using Homer as an historical sourceThe Greek Dark Ages followed the collapse of the Mycenaean AgeRecent discoveries about this period have added much information
  4. 4. Questions to answer in this sessionWhat were the Greek beliefs about justice? How did theyrelate to the polis?What exactly is a polis?Was Athens a typical polis?What produced the agrarian revolution?How did it proceed?What were its political and military consequences?How did hoplite soldier-farmers become the essence of thepolis?
  5. 5. review of the last session
  6. 6. Achilles and Patroklos
  7. 7. Ancient Sparta--theater
  8. 8. Aristotle
  9. 9. Delphitholos
  10. 10. Delphitreasure house
  11. 11. Palace at Knossos
  12. 12. Discus of Phaistos
  13. 13. Knossos--restored palace
  14. 14. HeinrichSchliemann
  15. 15. sessions remainingiii - Colonies & Tyrantsiv - Sparta & Athensv - Great Wars, 490-404vi - Golden Agevii - Second Military Revolutionviii - Hellenism
  16. 16. SophiaSchliemann wearing “Priam’s treasure”
  17. 17. Mycenae--the lion’s gate
  18. 18. thelions Mycenae--reconstructiongate
  19. 19. Mycenae--acropolis
  20. 20. Mycenae--tholos tomb
  21. 21. interior shot of the same view
  22. 22. grave goods from a Mycenean shaft grave replicas
  23. 23. the “mask of Agamemnon”
  24. 24. Homer
  25. 25. “The wrath of Achilles” Leon Benouville
  26. 26. Odysseus
  27. 27. “Jupiter and Thetis” Jean Dominique Ingres
  28. 28. Zeus at Olympia Roman copy of Phideias
  29. 29. Napoleon i j.d. Ingres
  30. 30. LincolnDaniel Chester French
  31. 31. Troy
  32. 32. The Blegen Library University of Cincinnati
  33. 33. Linear B
  34. 34. proto-Greek ina Phoenician alphabet
  35. 35. the world of Homer
  36. 36. the Lelantine War
  37. 37. Heroön at Lefkandi
  38. 38. preview of today’s session
  39. 39. Η Δικαιοσὖνη Τό τί;“[the] Justice.“What [is] it?” Plato, Republic
  40. 40. Justice Astraea (in the stars)
  41. 41. [The Athenian] Acropolis, Leo von Klenze
  42. 42. “FROGS AROUND APOND” -- SOCRATES, IN THE PHAEDO
  43. 43. Victor Davis Hanson (1953-)
  44. 44. Olive oil production in Klazomenai, an ancient city of Ionia ( now, near Urla, Izmir, Turkey)
  45. 45. transport amphora serving amphora
  46. 46. Harmodius & Aristogeton kill the tyrant Hipparchus
  47. 47. the Chigi vase, 4th c. BC
  48. 48. όπλονHoplon
  49. 49. ὁπλίτηςhoplite
  50. 50. παιάν paeanπαιάν
  51. 51. Questions to answer in this sessionWhat were the Greek beliefs about justice? How did theyrelate to the polis?What exactly is a polis?Was Athens a typical polis?What produced the agrarian revolution?How did it proceed?What were its political and military consequences?How did hoplite soldier-farmers become the essence of thepolis?

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