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Introduction to session iv, Sparta and Athens

Introduction to session iv, Sparta and Athens

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Greece sess 4 intro Greece sess 4 intro Presentation Transcript

  • Ancient Greecesession iv - Sparta & Athens
  • Ancient Greecesession iv - Sparta & Athens
  • course outlinei - Originsii - Polisiii - Colonies & Tyrantsiv - Sparta & Athensv - Great Wars, 490-404vi - Golden Agevii - Second Military Revolutionviii - Hellenism
  • Major Points in the last Session
  • Major Points in the last SessionGreeks colonized to get new farmlands and to tradewhen they colonized, they followed a standard patternthe colonies lined the Black Sea coast and any parts of theMediterranean where there was no powerful resistancefor the Greeks, a “renaissance;” for the barbarians, “culture”the tyrants appeared as economic and social changesundermined the aristocracytheir governments were illegitimate, despotic and often violentthey promoted economic development, colonization, trade,urbanization, centralization, and public works
  • Questions to answer in this session
  • Questions to answer in this sessionwhat was the central purpose of the Spartan state?who was Lycurgus? what did he do?what was the agoge?how did the Spartan state undermine families?describe Athenian educationwhat were the Athenian social divisions? explain theirsignificancewhat were the stages of Athenian democracy?how did Peisistratos’ tyranny promote democracy?
  • review of the previous sessions
  • Delphitreasure house
  • Discus of Phaistos
  • HeinrichSchliemann
  • SophiaSchliemann wearing “Priam’s treasure”
  • Mycenae--the lion’s gate
  • grave goods from a Mycenean shaft grave replicas
  • the “mask of Agamemnon”
  • Homer
  • “The wrath of Achilles” Leon Benouville
  • Odysseus
  • “Jupiter and Thetis” Jean Dominique Ingres
  • Zeus at Olympia Roman copy of Phideias
  • sessions remainingv - Great Wars, 490-404vi - Golden Agevii - Second Military Revolutionviii - Hellenism
  • Major Points in the last Session
  • Major Points in the last SessionGreeks colonized to get new farmlands and to tradewhen they colonized, they followed a standard patternthe colonies lined the Black Sea coast and any parts of theMediterranean where there was no powerful resistancefor the Greeks, a “renaissance;” for the barbarians, “culture”the tyrants appeared as economic and social changesundermined the aristocracytheir governments were illegitimate, despotic and often violentthey promoted economic development, colonization, trade,urbanization, centralization, and public works
  • Questions to answer in this session
  • Questions to answer in this sessionwhat was the central purpose of the Spartan state?who was Lycurgus? what did he do?what was the agoge?how did the Spartan state undermine families?describe Athenian educationwhat were the Athenian social divisions? explain theirsignificancewhat were the stages of Athenian democracy?how did Peisistratos’ tyranny promote democracy?
  • Troy
  • Linear B
  • proto-Greek ina Phoenician alphabet
  • Η Δικαιοσὖνη Τό τί;“[the] Justice.“What [is] it?” Plato, Republic
  • Justice Astraea (in the stars)
  • [The Athenian] Acropolis, Leo von Klenze
  • Questions to answer in this session
  • Questions to answer in this sessionwhat was the central purpose of the Spartan state?who was Lycurgus? what did he do?what was the agoge?how did the Spartan state undermine families?describe Athenian educationwhat were the Athenian social divisions? explain theirsignificancewhat were the stages of Athenian democracy?how did Peisistratos’ tyranny promote democracy?
  • “FROGS AROUND APOND” -- SOCRATES, IN THE PHAEDO
  • Victor Davis Hanson (1953-)
  • a master and two slaves worktogether harvesting olives
  • a master and two slaves worktogether harvesting olives
  • transport amphora serving amphora
  • the Chigi vase, 4th c. BC
  • Questions to answer in this session
  • Questions to answer in this sessionwhat was the central purpose of the Spartan state?who was Lycurgus? what did he do?what was the agoge?how did the Spartan state undermine families?describe Athenian educationwhat were the Athenian social divisions? explain theirsignificancewhat were the stages of Athenian democracy?how did Peisistratos’ tyranny promote democracy?
  • ΠΙΘΕΚΥΣΑΙ
  • Questions to answer in this session
  • Questions to answer in this sessionwhat was the central purpose of the Spartan state?who was Lycurgus? what did he do?what was the agoge?how did the Spartan state undermine families?describe Athenian educationwhat were the Athenian social divisions? explain theirsignificancewhat were the stages of Athenian democracy?how did Peisistratos’ tyranny promote democracy?
  • preview of today’s session
  • Perioikoi
  • Perioikoi
  • Questions to answer in this session
  • Questions to answer in this sessionwhat was the central purpose of the Spartan state?who was Lycurgus? what did he do?what was the agoge?how did the Spartan state undermine families?describe Athenian educationwhat were the Athenian social divisions? explain theirsignificancewhat were the stages of Athenian democracy?how did Peisistratos’ tyranny promote democracy?
  • ἢ τὰν ἢ ἐπὶ τᾶς(eh tan eh epi tas)
  • Questions to answer in this session
  • Questions to answer in this sessionwhat was the central purpose of the Spartan state?who was Lycurgus? what did he do?what was the agoge?how did the Spartan state undermine families?describe Athenian educationwhat were the Athenian social divisions? explain theirsignificancewhat were the stages of Athenian democracy?how did Peisistratos’ tyranny promote democracy?
  • SOLŌN
  • mid 6thcenturyfactions
  • PEISISTRATOS
  • Harmodius and Aristogeton, the tyrannicides, kill Hipparchos in 514 BC but fail to kill his brother, the tyrant Hippias
  • The Alcmaeonidai
  • PERICLES
  • Questions to answer in this session
  • Questions to answer in this sessionwhat was the central purpose of the Spartan state?who was Lycurgus? what did he do?what was the agoge?how did the Spartan state undermine families?describe Athenian educationwhat were the Athenian social divisions? explain theirsignificancewhat were the stages of Athenian democracy?how did Peisistratos’ tyranny promote democracy?