Imperialism Stronger nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker (not necessarily smaller) nations Economically Politically Culturally Militarily
4 Main Factors in the Growth of Imperialism Economic Nationalistic Military Humanitarian
Economic Factors Industrialization created a need for more natural resources Where were most natural resources found?
Underdeveloped Countries Asia Africa
Military Factors Advances in technology Stronger armies & navies Need for military bases Africans & Asians could not compete
Nationalistic Factors Nationalism = a devotion to one’s nation Feelings of superiority White man = “civilized” Africans & Asians = “uncivilized” “The White Man’s Burden” (Rudyard Kipling)
White Man’s Burden By Rudyard Kipling
White man’s burden According to Kipling, and in your own words, what was the "White Man’s Burden"? 2. What reward did Kipling suggest the "White Man" get for carrying his "burden"? 3. Who did Kipling think would read his poem? What do you think that this audience might have said in response to it?
Political Cartoon: The White Man’s Burden
africa The Mysterious “Dark Continent”
How the scramble began 1870s
Belgian King Leopold II- established trade with native Africans in the Congo
This single act began an Imperialistic frenzy to Africa
The Berlin Conference
Where: Berlin (surprise), Germany
Who: The US and 14 European nations
Missing: Africans (weren’t invited!)
Purpose: to avoid potential conflict in Africa
Created the following guidelines:
Any sovereign power that wanted to claim any territory should inform the other powers
Any such annexation should be validated by effective occupation
Treaties with African rulers were to be considered a valid title to sovereignty
King Leopold II Belgium
Bell ringer What are the 4 main causes of the growth of Imperialism in the late 1800s?
What are the 4 main causes in the growth of Imperialism in the late 1800s?
Economic factors Political/militaristic factors Humanitarian/religious factors Social Darwinism
Write a letter…
You are to write a letter home (2 paragraphs) as if you were an African writing to a friend in another country explaining what has just happened in your country and how you feel.
Use at least 5 facts you learned in class about imperialism.
Be certain to explain HOW you feel and WHY you feel that way, now that the British/French/etc. have taken over your country. Creativity and believability are the keys to this part. (10 points)