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Western Imperialism
 

Western Imperialism

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  • Prior to the 1870s, not much was known about Africa – particularly the interior

Western Imperialism Western Imperialism Presentation Transcript

  • Western Imperialism
    The Scramble for Africa
  • Imperialism
    Stronger nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker (not necessarily smaller) nations
    Economically
    Politically
    Culturally
    Militarily
  • 4 Main Factors in the Growth of Imperialism
    Economic
    Nationalistic
    Military
    Humanitarian
  • Economic Factors
    Industrialization created a need for more natural resources
    Where were most natural resources found?
  • Underdeveloped Countries
    Asia
    Africa
  • Military Factors
    Advances in technology
    Stronger armies & navies
    Need for military bases
    Africans & Asians could not compete
  • Nationalistic Factors
    Nationalism = a devotion to one’s nation
    Feelings of superiority
    White man = “civilized”
    Africans & Asians = “uncivilized”
    “The White Man’s Burden” (Rudyard Kipling)
  • White Man’s Burden
    By Rudyard Kipling
  • White man’s burden
    According to Kipling, and in your own words, what was the "White Man’s Burden"?
    2. What reward did Kipling suggest the "White Man" get for carrying his "burden"?
    3. Who did Kipling think would read his poem? What do you think that this audience might have said in response to it?
  • Political Cartoon: The White Man’s Burden
  • africa
    The Mysterious
    “Dark Continent”
  • How the scramble began
    1870s
    • Belgian King Leopold II- established trade with native Africans in the Congo
    • This single act began an Imperialistic frenzy to Africa
  • The Berlin Conference
    • Where: Berlin (surprise), Germany
    • When: 1884-1885
    • Who: The US and 14 European nations
    • Missing: Africans (weren’t invited!)
    • Purpose: to avoid potential conflict in Africa
  • Created the following guidelines:
    • Any sovereign power that wanted to claim any territory should inform the other powers
    • Any such annexation should be validated by effective occupation
    • Treaties with African rulers were to be considered a valid title to sovereignty
  • King Leopold II
    Belgium
  • Political cartoons
  • Bell ringer
    What are the 4 main causes of the growth of Imperialism in the late 1800s?
  • Bell ringer
    • What are the 4 main causes in the growth of Imperialism in the late 1800s?
    Economic factors
    Political/militaristic factors
    Humanitarian/religious factors
    Social Darwinism
  • Your assignment…
    • Write a letter…
    • You are to write a letter home (2 paragraphs) as if you were an African writing to a friend in another country explaining what has just happened in your country and how you feel.
    • Use at least 5 facts you learned in class about imperialism.
    • Be certain to explain HOW you feel and WHY you feel that way, now that the British/French/etc. have taken over your country. Creativity and believability are the keys to this part. (10 points)
    • Create a political cartoon…