The Black Plague


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The Black Plague

  1. 1. Europe<br />and the <br />Black <br />Plague<br />Knight of Death<br />Limbourg Brothers<br />
  2. 2. The Bubonic Plague<br />A contagious, often fatal epidemic disease caused by bacteria, transmitted from person to person or by the bite of fleas from an infected rodent, especially a rat, and characterized by chills, fever, vomiting, diarrhea, and the formation of buboes.<br />Source:<br />
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  4. 4. About “The Plague”<br />Ravaged Europe throughout 1300s<br />Followed trade routes (Black Sea Sicily Northward)<br />In 5 year’s time, wiped out over 1/3 of Europe’s population<br />
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  6. 6. Medicine & The Plague<br />Ignorance & lack of technology <br />Doctors = barbers<br />Suspected causes<br />Foul air<br />Position of planets<br />Angry God<br />Treatments<br />Blood-letting (bleeding)<br /> to expel “bad blood”<br />Magic<br />
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  9. 9. A B R A C A D A B R A<br />A B R A C A D A B R<br />A B R A C A D A B<br />A B R A C A D A<br />A B R A C A D<br />A B R A C A<br />A B R A C<br />A B R A<br />A B R<br />A B<br />A<br />
  10. 10. Persecution & The Plague<br />Causes: Effects:<br />Punishment from God flagellates<br />
  11. 11. Flagellates<br />
  12. 12. Persecution & The Plague<br />Causes: Effects:<br />Punishment from God flagellates<br />Witchcraft/sorcery turned to such practices for protection <br />
  13. 13. Persecution & The Plague<br />Causes: Effects:<br />Punishment from God flagellates<br />Witchcraft/sorcery turned to such practices for protection <br />Jews poisoning wells massacred Jews<br />
  14. 14. The Cooper’s Dance<br />Beginning shortly after Munich&apos;s plague in the 15th century, the coopers (a person who makes a living building beer barrels or kegs) originally began performing the dance in an attempt to lift the spirits of the frightened people by tempting them out of their homes once the plague was over. This dance is still performed by coopers only and is characterized by the stomping of the feet and slapping knees, thighs and boots to the rhythm of the music. Still lifting the spirits of millions, the Schaffler Tanz is most likely the last genuine guild dance in Europe.<br />Source: Caprio, Powe & Alonso, “Borderlands” at www.epcc.eduu<br />
  15. 15. Check It Out: Schafflertanz (3:30)<br />
  16. 16. Long-term Effects of the Plague<br />Decline of feudalism<br />Serfs fled to cities<br />Manorial lords now had to pay<br />Outcome of Hundred Years’ War<br />England vs. France (1340-1450)<br />Based on what you know about the Plague, discuss with your neighbor who you think won the war and why. Be sure to consider the route of the Plague.<br />
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  18. 18. Other Important Events<br />Golden Bull (1356)<br />Charles IV vs. Pope/Catholic Church<br />Notable Impact: weakened power of emperors<br />Emergence of Austrian Habsburgs<br />Assumed crown - 1438<br />Built power via conquests & strategic marriages<br />Notable Impact: Became most powerful dynasty in Europe<br />
  19. 19. Other Important Events (cont.)<br />The Great Schism<br />2 Popes <br />Avignon (France)<br />Rome (Italy)<br />Notable Impact: people began to question the Church & the Church’s power began to decline<br />
  20. 20. The Great Schism<br />1294 - Unam Sanctum: Pope Boniface VIII responded with decree reasserting pope’s power over earthly kings.<br />Emperor Philip IV (France)<br />Decree: Clergy must pay taxes.<br />Phil accused Boni of heresy & stealing from Church. Sent minions to Boni’s summer home & beat the bejeebers out of him.<br />French kings controlled papacy for 70 years = BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY<br />1309 - Boni died, Phil had Clement V elected Pope & moved the papacy to Avignon, France<br />1377 - Rome elected an Italian pope & France elected a French pope. The split remained until 1417 = GREAT SCHISM<br />
  21. 21. Homework<br />Due next class period:<br />The Black Death in Paris Worksheet<br />Read and answer questions 1-3 COMPLETELY<br />