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The Age Of European Expansionism
 

The Age Of European Expansionism

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  • Began in 1500s and went on for about 300 years. Was this the first time in history slaves had been used/traded? (no – Greeks, Romans, etc.)Then why was this slave trade so historic? (first to cross the Atlantic)What purpose?
  • It is important to note that in this age of European expansion, European countries were looking to trade more than just slaves. Those slaves were yielding resources that were worth a great deal of money. So, we run into something called “triangular trade”
  • Packing Instructions: This showed ship owners how to most efficiently pack his ship with slaves. This was all below deck – no windows, no bathrooms, little to no food or water, and they were all shackled. Imagine being like that for 1-6 months. It’s no wonder many slaves chose to commit suicide by jumping ship…a death by drowning seemed kinder than a middle passage cruise into a life of slavery
  • Demonstrates the kind of choices slaves had…

The Age Of European Expansionism The Age Of European Expansionism Presentation Transcript

  • The Age of European Expansionism
    A Lesson in the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade and the Horrors of the Middle Passage
  • Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
    The transatlantic slave trade was the trade of African people supplied to the colonies of the “New World" that occurred in and around the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Europe
    Atlantic Ocean
    The Americas
    Africa
  • The Atlantic Slave Trade
    Began in the 1500s
    What purpose did the trans-Atlantic slave trade serve?
  • The Atlantic Slave Trade
    Purpose:
    To fill the need for labor in Spain’s American empire
    Eventually provided labor for British and French colonies in the Americas
  • Triangular Trade
    What is triangular trade?
  • Triangular Trade
    Hint: It is not the trading of triangles…
    Hey! Sweet triangle dude! Want to trade it for a chicken leg?
  • Triangular Trade
    Triangular trade is trade between three ports or regions.
    Most famous: West Africa, the Americas, and Europe
  • The Middle Passage
    The Middle Passage was the sea lane west from Africa that carried abducted or recently purchased African slaves.
  • The Middle Passage
    1 - 6 month journey (weather dependent)
    Estimated 11+ million Africans
    A 1 - 6 month cruise sounds good, right?
  • Middle Passage
    Problems:
    Overcrowding
    Disease
    Brutal, inhuman treatment
    Many died due to poor conditions
    Dysentery
    Scurvy
    Starvation
    Smallpox
  • Journal Exercise
    Use the next 2 minutes to write a 2-3 sentence response to the following prompt:
    Would it be better to live and be a slave, or commit suicide to avoid slavery? Explain
  • Primary Source Reading
    Excerpt from Olaudah Equiano’s autobiography
  • Activity: African Slave Quilt
    Think about what you’ve read and heard today.
    For homework (due tomorrow), write a letter from a captured slave’s perspective.
    See your rubric for criteria.
    Use your imagination - be creative and have fun!!