Renaissance Art


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    In the church of Fraga (Aragon-Spain) were tested vaulted new techniques to suggest the Jesus face.



    En la iglesia de Fraga (ARAGON-España) se ensayaron nuevas técnicas de abovedado para sugerir un rostro de Jesús.

    ROSTRO SUBLIMINAL: En la iglesia de Fraga (ARAGON-España) ensayaron sugerir un rostro de Jesús.
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Renaissance Art

  1. 1. Renaissance<br />Art<br />
  2. 2. Bell Ringer<br />With your partner(s) discuss the following:<br />Who was Machiavelli?<br />Do you believe Machiavelli was basically evil or good? Why?<br />Do you think American leaders should follow Machiavelli’s advice in The Prince? Why?<br />
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  4. 4. The Renaissance Saw Four <br />Major Breakthroughs in Artwork<br />1. Oil On Stretched Canvas<br />Prior to the Renaissance, only tempera paint on wood panels or fresco on plaster walls were available.<br />A greater range of rich colors with smooth tones permitted painters to represent textures and simulate 3-D forms.<br />
  5. 5. The Renaissance Saw Four <br />Major Breakthroughs in Artwork<br />2. Perspective<br />Creating an illusion of depth on a flat surface<br />Reduction in size of objects and muted colors blurred detail as objects got further away.<br />
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  7. 7. The Renaissance Saw Four <br />Major Breakthroughs in Artwork<br />3. The Use of Light and Shadow<br />Chiaroscuro (key arrow SKEWR o) – light/dark in Italian<br />New technique for modeling forms in painting by which lighter parts seemed to merge from darker areas, producing the illusion of rounded, sculptural relief on a flat surface.<br />
  8. 8. The Renaissance Saw Four <br />Major Breakthroughs in Artwork<br />4. Pyramid Configuration<br />Prior to Renaissance – grouped portraits on a horizontal grid with no background<br />Now – 3-D “pyramid configuration”<br />Symmetrical composition builds to a climax at the center – giving you a focal point in the middle<br />
  9. 9. Three Major Periods<br />Early Renaissance<br />II. Italian Renaissance<br />III. Northern Renaissance<br />
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  11. 11. Early Renaissance<br />Florence - early 1400s<br />Patron - a person who financially supports an artist <br />Major Players:<br /> Masaccio<br />Donatello*<br /> Botticelli*<br />
  12. 12. Donatello<br />-Sculpture (contrapposto style = weight concentrated on one leg with the rest of the body relaxed.)<br />-”David” = first life-size, freestanding nude sculpture since Classical Age (none in the Medieval Times)<br />-At times, brutally accurate and lifelike<br />
  13. 13. David<br />
  14. 14.                             <br />Botticelli (bought tee CHEL lee)<br />-His nudes epitomized the Renaissance -Rebirth of Classical mythology<br />Birth of Venus<br />
  15. 15. Primavera<br />
  16. 16. The Annunciation<br />
  17. 17. Italian Renaissance<br />AKA “High Renaissance”<br />16th Century, artistic leadership spread from Florence to Rome and Venice<br />There was a focus on technical mastery including: composition, ideal proportions, and perspective<br />Major Players:<br />Da Vinci*<br /> Michelangelo*<br /> Raphael*<br /> Titian<br />
  18. 18. Leonardo Da Vinci<br /><ul><li>Renaissance Man
  19. 19. Stressed the intellectual aspects of art and creativity
  20. 20. Didn’t like the solemnity of most portrait paintings so he hired musicians and jesters to amuse his subjects
  21. 21. Most important contribution might be his notebooks</li></li></ul><li>Mona Lisa<br />
  22. 22. That’s what all the fuss is about!<br />
  23. 23. The Last Supper<br />
  24. 24. The problem with frescos<br />
  25. 25. His notebooks…<br />Machine gun<br />flight<br />flight<br />Designs for: canals, central heating, printing press, telescope, portable bombs, theory of circulation 100 years before Harvey, studies of fetus in womb so accurate that they could be used today to teach embryology<br />canon<br />
  26. 26. Michelangelo<br />Patron = Lorenzo de’Medici at the age of 15 as a sculptor<br />Believed that creativity was divinely inspired<br />Lived a life of solitude – never apprenticed anyone<br />Like Da Vinci, he dissected corpses to study anatomy<br />Later in life focused on architecture improving several structures for popes and civic leaders<br />
  27. 27. Pieta<br />
  28. 28. David<br />
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  30. 30. Moses<br />from the tomb of Julius II - St. Peter of the Chains<br />Rome, Italy<br />
  31. 31. Marble quarries of Tuscany<br />
  32. 32. Sistine Chapel<br />Activity:<br />Go to:<br /><br />Mute volume<br />Click on Sistine Chapel 360<br />
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  37. 37. Redesigned St. Peter’s Cathedral and painted the interior of the dome<br />
  38. 38. Raphael<br />Most popular by the people who lived at the time<br />Decorated rooms in the Vatican<br />Star of the Papal Court and with the ladies…<br />He combined the strengths of Da Vinci and Michelangelo<br />
  39. 39. School of Athens<br />
  40. 40. School of Athens<br />Apollo<br />Plato<br />Aristotle<br />Socrates<br />Z<br />Raphael<br />Epicurus<br />Ptolemy<br />Diogenes<br />Pythagoras<br />Michelangelo<br />Euclid<br />JC<br />
  41. 41. In Closing…<br />What were the 4 major breakthroughs in Renaissance Art?<br />Art Analysis: School of Athens<br />Homework: finish art analysis & read handout on da Vinci for Wed’s activity!<br />
  42. 42. Sistine Madonna<br />
  43. 43. Deposition<br />
  44. 44. Titian (TISH un)<br />Father of Modern Painting<br />First to really use oil on canvas as his main medium<br />Used strong colors<br />Venetian (different from Florence and Rome in that they were fascinated with color, texture and mood)<br />
  45. 45. Assumption of Mary<br />Bacchus and Ariadne<br />
  46. 46. Northern Renaissance<br />-This is the Renaissance north of Italy<br />-Netherlands, Belgium, Holland, and Germany<br />-Lacked Roman ruins, inspiration was nature<br />-Lacked Classical sculpture, painted reality as they saw it instead of ideal proportions<br />-Used perspective by making objects in the back appear “hazy” suggesting depth.<br />
  47. 47. Holbein<br />-One of the greatest portraitists ever<br />-His patron was Erasmus<br />-Enjoyed symbolic knickknacks (typical of this movement)<br />
  48. 48. The French Ambassadors<br />
  49. 49. It is ananamorphic image of a human skull. An anamorphosis is an image that is distorted in such a way that it only assumes the proportions of a recognizable image when viewed from a certain angle, or by reflection in curved surface. The image of the skull in The Ambassadors is only visible as a skull when viewed from below and to one side of the painting. It has been suggested that it was meant to be displayed above a staircase, so that those climbing the stairs would be startled by the apparition of the skull as they glanced upward at the painting. You can see a photographic restoration of the skull image as seen from that angle here.<br />
  50. 50. Erasmus von Rotterdam<br />King Henry VIII<br />
  51. 51. Durer (DEWR er)<br />-”Leonardo of the North”<br /><ul><li>Believed art should be based on scientific observation
  52. 52. Raised the status of artist from craftsman to near prince
  53. 53. First to do many self-portraits
  54. 54. Famous for his woodcuts
  55. 55. -First to use printmaking as a major medium for art</li></li></ul><li>Self-Portrait<br />
  56. 56.                       <br />Erasmus von Rotterdam<br />Wing of a Blue Jay<br />
  57. 57. Saint Jerome<br />
  58. 58. Jan Van Eyck<br />-Painted microscopic details in brilliant color<br />-Portrait painting = had sitter look at painter (1st)<br />
  59. 59. The <br />Arnolofini <br />Marriage<br />
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  61. 61. Bruegal (BROY gull)<br />-Flemish painter of peasant life<br />-satiric edge <br />-Elevated genre painting (scenes of everyday life) to the stature of “high art”<br />
  62. 62. Hunters in the Snow or Return of the Hunters<br />
  63. 63. Peasant’s Dance<br />
  64. 64. The Peasant Wedding<br />