Religious Crises in Europe<br />“Ding dong the witch is dead…”<br />
Spanish Inquisition<br />1478-1834<br />Targeted Jews, Moors (Spanish Muslims) & to some extent Protestants<br />Religious...
Spanish Inquisition<br />Synonymous with bloody, torturous reign of terror<br />Responsible for countless executions<br />...
Militant Catholicism in Spain<br />Phillip II (r. 1556-1598)<br />Son of HRE Charles V<br />Championed Catholic causes thr...
Spain & the Netherlands<br />Spanish Netherlands (today’s Netherlands & Belgium)<br />Phillip tried to:<br />Tighten his c...
Spain vs. England<br />England Under Elizabeth I<br />Golden Age<br />Moderate Protestant (some degree of tolerance for Ca...
Holy War<br />Phillip II declared Holy War on Elizabeth I (1588)<br />Why?<br />Spain vs. England (political)<br />Phillip...
The Spanish Armada<br />Spanish Armada set sail to invade England<br />Most powerful Navy in the world<br />English met th...
Defeat of the Spanish Armada<br />Why did Spain lose?<br />Superstitious answer: God liked Protestants more<br />Realistic...
Witchcraft Trials<br />Spanish Inquisition & hunt for heretics led to witch hunts<br />16th-17th C. - witch hysteria<br />...
Witches<br />Who was accused?<br />Commoners (poor)<br />Apx. 75% women<br />Single or widowed<br />Over 50<br />
Witch Trials In Europe<br />Handout <br />
Thirty Years War<br /><ul><li>1618-1648
Series of declared & undeclared wars
Austrian & Spanish Hapsburgs vs.
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Religious Crises in Europe

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Religious Crises in Europe

  1. 1. Religious Crises in Europe<br />“Ding dong the witch is dead…”<br />
  2. 2. Spanish Inquisition<br />1478-1834<br />Targeted Jews, Moors (Spanish Muslims) & to some extent Protestants<br />Religious & Political Purposes:<br />Religious: to rid Spain of non-Catholics (heretics)<br />Political: to gain land (increase state revenue without raising taxes)<br />
  3. 3. Spanish Inquisition<br />Synonymous with bloody, torturous reign of terror<br />Responsible for countless executions<br />Video: Spanish Inquisition<br />
  4. 4. Militant Catholicism in Spain<br />Phillip II (r. 1556-1598)<br />Son of HRE Charles V<br />Championed Catholic causes throughout Europe <br />Waged Holy Wars<br />The “Most Catholic King”<br />
  5. 5. Spain & the Netherlands<br />Spanish Netherlands (today’s Netherlands & Belgium)<br />Phillip tried to:<br />Tighten his control<br />Crush Calvinism<br />Dutch rebelled violently (1566-1609)<br />Led by William the Silent (prince of Orange)<br />Ended with truce that created the modern Dutch state<br />
  6. 6. Spain vs. England<br />England Under Elizabeth I<br />Golden Age<br />Moderate Protestant (some degree of tolerance for Catholics)<br />Goal (foreign policy) - to maintain a balance of power <br />Spain & France = biggest threats<br />Would support whichever was weaker<br />
  7. 7. Holy War<br />Phillip II declared Holy War on Elizabeth I (1588)<br />Why?<br />Spain vs. England (political)<br />Phillip II vs. Elizabeth I (personal)<br />Catholicism vs. Protestantism (religious)<br />
  8. 8. The Spanish Armada<br />Spanish Armada set sail to invade England<br />Most powerful Navy in the world<br />English met them in the English Channel (their only hope to impede a land invasion)<br />England & Elizabeth face likely disaster…<br />Movie Clip from “Elizabeth: The Golden Age”<br />
  9. 9. Defeat of the Spanish Armada<br />Why did Spain lose?<br />Superstitious answer: God liked Protestants more<br />Realistic answers:<br />Spanish not used to rough waters of the Channel<br />England used fire ships to divide the Armada & burn many of its ships<br />Weather favored English cause – storms ravaged the surviving Spanish ships near Scotland & Ireland<br />
  10. 10. Witchcraft Trials<br />Spanish Inquisition & hunt for heretics led to witch hunts<br />16th-17th C. - witch hysteria<br />100,000+ charged, tortured & killed<br />
  11. 11. Witches<br />Who was accused?<br />Commoners (poor)<br />Apx. 75% women<br />Single or widowed<br />Over 50<br />
  12. 12. Witch Trials In Europe<br />Handout <br />
  13. 13. Thirty Years War<br /><ul><li>1618-1648
  14. 14. Series of declared & undeclared wars
  15. 15. Austrian & Spanish Hapsburgs vs.
  16. 16. Danish
  17. 17. Dutch
  18. 18. France
  19. 19. Sweden
  20. 20. Some German principalities (civil war - others fought with Hapsburgs)</li></li></ul><li>Religion in the TYW<br />Also religious war - Catholics vs. Protestants<br />Peace of Augsburg<br />Did not recognize Calvinism<br />
  21. 21. Treaty of Westphalia<br />Ended the Thirty Years War<br />Significant because…<br />IT ALSO ENDED THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE!<br />
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