God, Gold & Glory: European Exploration & Expansion


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  • Began in 1500s and went on for about 300 years. Was this the first time in history slaves had been used/traded? (no – Greeks, Romans, etc.)Then why was this slave trade so historic? (first to cross the Atlantic)What purpose?
  • It is important to note that in this age of European expansion, European countries were looking to trade more than just slaves. Those slaves were yielding resources that were worth a great deal of money. So, we run into something called “triangular trade”
  • Packing Instructions: This showed ship owners how to most efficiently pack his ship with slaves. This was all below deck – no windows, no bathrooms, little to no food or water, and they were all shackled. Imagine being like that for 1-6 months. It’s no wonder many slaves chose to commit suicide by jumping ship…a death by drowning seemed kinder than a middle passage cruise into a life of slavery
  • Demonstrates the kind of choices slaves had…
  • God, Gold & Glory: European Exploration & Expansion

    1. 1. God, Gold, & Glory<br />An Introduction to European Exploration & Expansion<br />
    2. 2. Bell Ringer<br />What Renaissance values may have inspired the Age of Exploration? Why?<br />
    3. 3. Motives<br />The 3 G’s<br />God<br />religious fervor <br />convert natives<br />Gold<br />expand trade - esp. spices & precious metals<br />profit<br />Glory<br />adventure<br />power<br />national pride<br />
    4. 4. Means<br />Mid-1400s<br />European monarchs had MORE:<br />Power<br />Resources<br />Advanced technology<br />
    5. 5. Portugal<br />Early leader<br />Sailed eastward<br />--> India (spice trade)<br />
    6. 6. Vasco da Gama<br />Cape of Good Hope<br />Secured control of spice trade<br />Took from Muslims<br />HUGE $$$<br />
    7. 7. Prince Henry the Navigator<br />Instrumental <br />Patronage led to major technological advances (p. 197)<br />
    8. 8. Spain<br />Sailed westward<br />Seeking route --> Asia<br />Spain<br />Portugal<br />
    9. 9. Christopher Columbus<br />Earth not so big<br />Queen Isabella (Spain) <br />4 voyages - all end up in the Caribbean<br />
    10. 10. Ferdinand Magellan<br />1519 - 1st to circumnavigate the globe (sort of)<br />
    11. 11. Spain in the Americas<br />Conquistadors - the Spanish conquerors of the Americas<br />“Gifts” from Spain<br />Slavery<br />Disease<br />Death<br />
    12. 12. Encomienda System<br />Aztec & Inca civilizations destroyed<br />Spanish control<br />Subjects of Queen <br />Encomienda - the right of landowners to use Native Americans as laborers<br />Protection - required but not followed<br />
    13. 13. Columbian Exchange<br />The exchange of plants and animals between Europe and the Americas<br />Europe --> Americas<br />Horses, cattle, & wheat<br />Americas --> Europe<br />Potatoes, cocoa, corn, tomatoes, & tobacco<br />Transformed economic activity <br />
    14. 14. European Rivals<br />Dutch<br />French<br />British<br />
    15. 15. Reading Homework<br />Read pages 208-211 (section 3 “Colonial Latin America”) <br />Write the definitions for the following words in your notebook:<br />Peninsulares<br />Creole<br />Mestizos<br />Mulattoes<br />Mita<br />
    16. 16. The Main Idea…<br />How did the presence of the Europeans in the “New World” impact the indigenous populations in a positive way? In a negative way?<br />
    17. 17. Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade<br />The trans-Atlantic slave trade was the trade of African people supplied to the colonies of the “New World" that occurred in and around the Atlantic Ocean<br />
    18. 18. Locate: Atlantic Ocean, Europe, Africa & the Americas<br />
    19. 19. Europe<br />AtlanticOcean<br />The Americas<br />Africa<br />
    20. 20. The Atlantic Slave Trade<br />Began in the 1500s<br />What purpose did the trans-Atlantic slave trade serve?<br />
    21. 21. The Atlantic Slave Trade<br />Purpose:<br />To fill the need for labor in Spain’s American empire <br />Eventually provided labor for British and French colonies in the Americas<br />
    22. 22. Triangular Trade<br />What is triangular trade?<br />
    23. 23. Triangular Trade<br />Hint: It is not the trading of triangles…<br />Hey! Sweet triangle dude! Want to trade it for a chicken leg?<br />
    24. 24. Triangular Trade<br />Triangular trade is trade between three ports or regions.<br />Most famous: West Africa, the Americas, and Europe<br />
    25. 25.
    26. 26. The Middle Passage<br />The Middle Passage was the sea lane west from Africa that carried abducted or recently purchased African slaves.<br />
    27. 27. The Middle Passage<br />1 - 6 month journey (weather dependent)<br />Estimated 11+ million Africans <br />A 1 - 6 month cruise sounds good, right?<br />
    28. 28. Middle Passage<br />Problems:<br />Overcrowding<br />Disease<br />Brutal, inhuman treatment<br />Many died due to poor conditions<br />Dysentery <br />Scurvy<br />Starvation<br />Smallpox<br />
    29. 29.
    30. 30. Journal Exercise<br />Use the next 2 minutes to write a 2-3 sentence response to the following prompt:<br />Would it be better to live and be a slave, or commit suicide to avoid slavery? Explain<br />
    31. 31. Primary Source Reading<br />Excerpt from Olaudah Equiano’s autobiography<br />
    32. 32. Activity: African Slave Quilt<br />Think about what you’ve read and heard today.<br />For homework (due next class), write a letter from a captured slave’s perspective. <br />See your rubric for criteria.<br />Use your imagination - be creative and have fun!! <br />