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AP Italian Renaissance
 

AP Italian Renaissance

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  • City-state = A sovereign state consisting of an independent city and its surrounding territory

AP Italian Renaissance AP Italian Renaissance Presentation Transcript

  • The Italian Renaissance
  • Bell Ringer
    • The word “Renaissance” means:
        • Flowering
        • Genius
        • Eruption
        • New day
        • Rebirth
  • Defining the Renaissance
    • Renaissance = “rebirth”
    • 1375-1600
    • Italian Renaissance - the period of great cultural change and achievement in European history that began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe
  • Characteristics of the Renaissance
    • Secularism
    • Renaissance Italy - mostly an urban society
      • Powerful city-states became centers of Italian political, economic & social life
      • Result - an emergence of secular , or worldly, society as increased wealth created new enjoyment of material things
    Map pg 285
  • Characteristics (cont.)
    • 2. Humanism
      • cultural and educational reform, engaged in by scholars, writers, and civic leaders
      • Studia Humanitatis - s tudied grammar rhetoric, poetry, moral philosophy & history (the humanities )
  • Humanism (cont.)
      • Petrarch - Father of Italian Renaissance humanism
      • Stressed:
        • Intellect
        • Civic involvement
  • Humanism (cont.)
    • Revival of Classicism/Greek & Roman Antiquity
      • Educational reforms guided by ideals of useful education & becoming a well-rounded person
      • Florentine “ Academy ” ( La Academia) —not a formal school, but gathering of influential Florentine humanists devoted to reviving Plato & the Neoplatonists
  • Characteristics (cont.)
    • 3. Individualism
      • Emphasis on individual ability
      • High regard for human worth
      • Realization of what individuals could achieve
      • Outward expression – artists signed work for first time
  • Characteristics (cont.)
    • 4. Skepticism
      • Renaissance Era – also the beginning of the Scientific Revolution
      • Question everything!
        • Begins w/ arts
        • Then gov’t
        • Then Church (eventually leads to Reformation)
  • Renaissance Geo-Political Life
    • Italian City-States
      • No central, unified monarchical state
      • Lack of single strong ruler - easy for C-S to remain independent
        • Milan
        • Venice expanded & played critical
        • Florence roles in Italian politics
        • Papal States
        • Naples
      • Prospered in terms of trade (merchant oligarchies = powerful)
  • Milan (Milano)
    • Visconti Family - dukes of Milan/ Lombardi
    • Viscontis died off - Sforzas conquered
    • Sforza -
        • Efficient tax system = large state revenues
        • hired mercenaries ( soldiers who sold their services)
    • Pair & Share:
      • What would be 1 advantage & 1 disadvantage of hiring mercenaries?
  •  
  • Venice (Venezia)
    • Link btwn. Asia & W. Europe = profitable trade empire & international power
    • Officially a republic w/ elected leader
    • Realistically run by small group of wealthy merchant aristocrats who ran gov’t for own benefit
  •  
  • Florence (Firenze)
    • Powerhouse of Tuscany
    • de Medici Family
      • Bankers (“God’s Bankers”)
      • Used power, wealth, & personal influence to make Florence the cultural center of Italy
    • Birthplace of the Renaissance
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  • Politics in Renaissance Italy
  • Medieval View of Gov’t
    • Theory:
      • human nature = sinful
      • Gov’t = provide justice, law & order
      • Ruler = conduct self w/ high Christian standards
  • Machiavelli & The Prince
    • How to:
      • Gain, maintain & increase power
    • Ruler - “cunning of a fox w/ ferocity of a lion”
    • Human nature = selfish & out to advance own interests
      • Result – ruler can manipulate the people
  • Loved or Feared?
    • Ideal = both
    • Safer = feared
    • “ The ends justify the means”
      • What does Machiavelli mean by this?
      • Come up with an example
      • Discuss w/ partner – 1 minute
  • Florence
    • Piero de Medici vs. Girolamo Savonarola
      • Savonarola wins
      • Piero de Medici = exiled
    Piero de Medici
  • Savonarola Rules
    • Dominican Friar with “visions”
      • Predicted Florence would fall
      • Divine punishment for immorality
    • Anti-pope
    • Theocracy – 4 years
    • Arrested & executed
  • Girolama Savonorala Execution of Savonarola
  •  
  • Closure
    • With a partner, name and explain the 4 characteristics of the Renaissance.
    • 2 minutes