CSI.SP: 'In SP' Project Presentations (17 Apr 2009)

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CSI.SP: 'In SP' Project Presentations (17 Apr 2009)

  1. 1. CSI Team Introduction CSI.SP Presentation 1 17-04-09 14:00-18:00 FAU-USP Lecture Hall IN.SP PROJECT PRESENTATIONS 2009
  2. 2. IN.SP PROJECT PRESENTATIONS 14:00-14:15 Introduction CSI_SP 14:15-15:00 Project Presentation Block I: Informality as Exclusion 14:15 Picturing São Paulo 14:35 Publicness, the power of control? 14:45 Cortiços: Informal housing at its margin 15:00-15:30 Discussion Moment I: Feedback 15:30-15:45 Break 15:45-16:10 Project Presentation Block II: Informality for Inclusion 15:45 Valuating the Informal Built Environment 15:55 Minhocão : Informal use of the Urban Highway 16:05 Informality as Strategy 16:10-16:40 Discussion Moment II: Feedback 16:45-17:30 Concluding Discussion 17:30-18:00 Drinks IN.SP PROJECT PRESENTATIONS 2009
  3. 3. IN.SP PRESENTATION Presentation Block I Informality as Exclusion IN.SP Presentations 17-04-09 14:00-18:00 FAU-USP Lecture Hall IN.SP PROJECT PRESENTATIONS 2009
  4. 4. Jan v.B., Rutger H., Sabrina V., Martine V. Picturing São Paulo Presentation 2 17-04-09 14:00-18:00 FAU-USP Lecture Hall IN.SP PROJECT PRESENTATIONS 2009
  5. 5. Motivation: How to deal with understanding the urban complexity of Sao Paulo. “(…) the panorama of the surface is already so vast and rich and various that it more than suffices to saturate the mind with information and meanings. (…) It is only after you have come to know the surface of the things, (…) that you venture to seek what is underneath. But the surface is inexhaustible.” Italo Calvino – Mr. Palomar 1.) How to find a format that does not reduce the city to false abstractions, to create false transparency. 2.) A tool that expresses complexity, but that on the other hand provides information about urban phenomena in the broadest sense.
  6. 6. What you did: ‘Walking in the city’ Michiel de Certeau Mapping the city all its diversity to create an urban collage: Literary descriptions Photography Video Paul Citroen – Metropolis, 1923
  7. 7. Go to: Parallel reality
  8. 8. The relevance : The instrument has its relevance on two levels: 1.) General: Contemporary metropolitan cities are difficult to represent. My instrument shows the diversity and complexity by incomplete flashes and fragments, instead of abstract scientific data. 2.) The relevance of the collage: The city is the endless surface that appears to us when we walk through it, experienced by a human eye in a walking body. A restless eye, reading the city not as text, not chapter after chapter or word after word, but by fragments and flashes, skipping almost simultaneously from details to widescreen overviews. The collage is the perfect representation of this. 3.) The collage (in the broader sense of the word) is especially suitable for the condition of Sao Paulo where so many different realities are running simultaneously together. In a world of walls and enclosure, in a desperate search for security.
  9. 9. Parallel Worlds Project by Rutger Huiberts Paulistas don’t know their city. It is just too big. On top of that, in this urban jungle one does not need to know all. Paulistas live in parallel worlds, each of which is spatially and socially segregated by mechanisms of exclusion. Walls, fences, feelings of peril, unwritten dress codes and entrance fees make it impossible and undesirable for all to know all. Crime levels are high, but are these feelings of unsafety, threat and the need to segregate not just exaggerated by the unknown world behind the wall? I cannot understand this city in a few weeks. Therefore I have the feeling that I cannot solve its problems. But the eyes of the stranger can view things from a different perspective. Exploring São Paulo has been my goal these weeks. Attempting to experience the city not from the Paulista point of view (car, bus, helicopter, and shutting themselves off from an overkill of visual input) but walking and drifting. Trying to find connections, gradients, events, similarities and parallel worlds along the road.
  10. 10. Parallel Worlds Some issues that I want to address after the walks I made: Abandoned buildings Walls, gates, cameras Telecommunication Traffic Shopping mall Gated community (hyper)dense São Paulo Cortiços house Kites Urban agriculture Homeless guy and more...
  11. 11. Parallel Worlds Approach Make use of the billboards that were whitewashed after the Municipal ban of 2006. Use 1 photo to describe the city from a formal, or top down approach. Then make a collage with a narrative / detail / experience, putting both elements of the collage in a new perspective. Map the photos and the links.
  12. 12. Parallel Worlds The window openings of many of the abandoned buildings of São Paulo are closed with brick walls. Is it to prevent people from entering and squatting or to hide what is inside?
  13. 13. Parallel Worlds A rich neighbourhood is recognised by its gates, walls, security cameras, fences and closed façades.
  14. 14. Parallel Worlds Good Morning. Transit. Work. Transit. Good Night. Written on a wall in Morumbi
  15. 15. Parallel Worlds “I can rent this piece of land from the electricity company who owns it. The contract is renewed every year. I grow beetroot, cabbage, lettuce, melons, some herbs and a few banana trees. It is close to my house and provides income. And I don’t have to commute for it.”
  16. 16. Parallel Worlds How to advertise without words? Using brightly coloured façades is becoming an important strategy after the use of too many words was banned by the Municipality in 2006.
  17. 17. Parallel Worlds The streets in Paraìsopolis are densely filled with people, merchandise, advertisements, cars, children playing, priests preeching.
  18. 18. FORMAL Sabrina Verhage INFORMAL ARTS INFORMAL
  19. 19. Rua Augusta
  20. 20. Stencil art Poster art Wheatpaste Graffiti Sticker art
  21. 21. The architectura l facade as a blan k piece of paper, with specified w riting columns PICHACAO
  22. 22. Pavements in public spaces The diversity of street patterns in Sao Paulo
  23. 23. Pavements in public spaces Pavements are an integral part of every urban fabric, literally the interstitial tissues of our cities’ networks. 75 street patterns Google geotagging + all patterns in map walking the strip monday tuesday wednesday
  24. 24. Pavements in public spaces Urban ground is where the public appropriates and modifies the very surface of the city Spatial Appropriation Bela Vista Moema Appropriation as vehicle of meaning, from informal to formal and temporary to permanent
  25. 25. Publicness vs. Appropriateness A pavement could be considered as a place to pass by or as a mapping notation. consequence of constant circulation passing by passing by boundaries mapping notation passing by
  26. 26. The relevance lies in Publicness vs. Appropriateness pavement as vehicle of meaning subthemes color function boundaries boundaries continuities discontinuities + continuities location discontinuities yellow lines analyzis Google geotagging + clustering per subtheme
  27. 27. Nicola Knop, Chris Rovers Publicness - the power of control? Presentation 3 17-04-09 14:00-18:00 FAU-USP Lecture Hall IN.SP PROJECT PRESENTATIONS 2009
  28. 28. publicness, the power of control? reflection of the diversity of Sao Paulo in its cities publicness public space …is a place where strangers meet. Accordingly the street is the most public place. criteria that create degrees of publicness ▪ given infrastructure and the resulting public flow ▪ intentionality and functions ▪ a matter of scale ▪ power and control ▪ physical requirements like spaces of retreat, spaces of gathering or transitions and borders
  29. 29. publicness, the power of control? different qualities of publicness metropolitan public neighbourhood public city public community public district public private
  30. 30. publicness, the power of control? public web scheme ▪ the public web as a tree struc- ture ▪ the public web as a tree struc- ture plus additional sub-connec- tions ▪ the connections representing the intensity of the public flow International Airport Alphaville SESC Pompeia Condominio Edrificio IAB Parque do Libirapura Parque Cidade Jardim Cidade Tiradentes Morumbi Favela Edith Paraisopolis community space neighbourhood space district space ▪ classification map of the quality city space of visited places metropolitan space
  31. 31. publicness, the power of control? Sao Paulo The ideal of publicness is the ‘unconditional welcome’ of everyone. ▪ a sum of fragments as a result of borders and clusters ▪ controlled space contra claiming space - > control of public space by privatisation using the power of control private domain -> creats public sphere -> privatised public space - > privatisation of the public, the creation of public sphere in the private domain also based on scale - private moves more into the public in areas with high density privatisation of public space -> semi public - > community space
  32. 32. publicness, the power of control? ... ▪ one example of public knot comment In a metropolitan city will always be in exclusion of some people even in metropolitan public space, the domain with usually the highest quality of publicness. to continue ▪ look in to detail of three different neighbourhoods (different in scale, income and location) and vi- sualise the quality of publicness ▪ to study and visualise the role of public buildings in the public web ▪ define a site for the design object regarding the graduation project ‘From Safety To Where...?’
  33. 33. MOTIVATION Exploring the Public City The Public web Conclusions & Strategies Motivation. My interest for this workshop is based on the experience of a different public culture in Sao Paulo compared to other cities, whether Brazil- ian or European. Most other Brazilian cities have an unrivalled outdoor culture, where people are us- ing public spaces like the streets, parks and beaches as the extension of their home. In Sao Paulo on the contrary, this public culture is less visible. This per- ception has been the starting point for my project. During my last visit and the first week of the work- shop I elaborated a theory to try to understand which conditions, tools and approaches have led to this par- ticular public culture. In this first elaboration I split the formalized city artifact into so called free zones and controlled zones. In between space has been created for informality, in other words formalizing the informal, thereby neglecting that informality is al- ways a response to formality. Formalizing through Control the Informal Publicness, the Power of Control? Workshop CSI Sao Paulo, April 17th 2009 CRovers
  34. 34. Motivation EXPLORING THE CITY The Public web Conclusions & Strategies Infrastructural Pedestrian unfriendly Bad maintenance Free public space claimed by homeless Interiorized public space Left-over space Informal use Temporal flexibility Pleasant remainance Inside-outside commercial space Good maintenance Security Dynamical use Control Architectural public space Publicness, the Power of Control? Workshop CSI Sao Paulo, April 17th 2009 CRovers
  35. 35. Motivation EXPLORING THE CITY The Public web Conclusions & Strategies Inventive way of creating square Stop on the way Flexible space Soft boundaries Singular use A paradise within the metropole Security Freedom of action Publicness Privatized public space Secured living environment Communal space Soft boundaries A good start Publicness, the Power of Control? Workshop CSI Sao Paulo, April 17th 2009 CRovers
  36. 36. Motivation Exploring the Public City THE PUBLIC WEB Conclusions & Strategies Location & Connection Street profile & Accessibility Programme City space, bordered Local space, unbordered Communal space, unbordered Maintenance & Security Publicness, the Power of Control? Workshop CSI Sao Paulo, April 17th 2009 CRovers
  37. 37. Motivation Exploring the Public City The Public web CONCLUSIONS & STRATEGIES Conclusion. Rapid growth of the city as well as the planning device used by Three alternative strategies municipality to control this publicness have resulted in a very differenti- ated experience of publicness in varying districts. Both this inexhaustible desire of municipality to control the informal and the fear of not being well- protected against the lurking danger have made the publicness rather for- malized. Many of the well-used public spaces are drawn into the interior or restricted to certain areas, both being tools to make it easier to protect and control the public. Creating pedestrian boulevards Spatial planning is an important tool to create an environment for public cul- ture. Some variables are: profile of the streets, programme, maintenance, se- curity, location, connections and accessibility. By manipulating these variables a more flexible and dynamical public space can be created to replace the sometimes singular, highly infrastructural and often excluding pub- lic spaces of now in between the concentrations of a more interesting public culture. Of course there are plenty of places with potential. The challenge is to develop here an interesting programme, a supporting infrastructure and connect them properly into the public sphere to create an environment Mixing up the programme, creating flexible spaces where publicness is stimulated. Connecting public spaces Publicness, the Power of Control? Workshop CSI Sao Paulo, April 17th 2009 CRovers
  38. 38. Marleen d.R., Philippe J., Jaqueline R., Flavio F. Cortiços: Informal housing at its margin Presentation 4 17-04-09 14:00-18:00 FAU-USP Lecture Hall IN.SP PROJECT PRESENTATIONS 2009
  39. 39. Sobrado: Rua Lopes Trovão 144 Edificio: Rua Mauá 340 Galpão: Rua Conde São Joaquim 140
  40. 40. Sobrado: Rua Lopes Trovão 144
  41. 41. Galpão: Rua Conde São Joaquim 140
  42. 42. Edificio: Rua Mauá 340
  43. 43. RECAPITULATORY QUESTIONS - DENSITY two scales: urban fabric and living unit need for and consequences of decompression within units - SPATIAL ARRANGEMENT & SIZE highly efficient use of spare space (three dimensions) usually precarious hygienic conditions (light, air, sewage) - TYPOLOGY appropriateness of different building types for informal housing use - INTERVENTIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT -already with entitling and decompression much improvement can be achieved, be- cause of own investments inhabitants. Building types meant for dwelling are most appropriate for this approach. -then with intervention of architect more quality of dwelling can be achieved and a larger scope of building types can be made appropriate.
  44. 44. IN.SP PRESENTATION Discussion Moment I IN.SP Presentations 17-04-09 14:00-18:00 FAU-USP Lecture Hall IN.SP PROJECT PRESENTATIONS 2009
  45. 45. IN.SP PRESENTATION Break IN.SP Presentations 17-04-09 14:00-18:00 FAU-USP Lecture Hall IN.SP PROJECT PRESENTATIONS 2009
  46. 46. IN.SP PRESENTATION Presentation Block II Informality as Inclusion IN.SP Presentations 17-04-09 14:00-18:00 FAU-USP Lecture Hall IN.SP PROJECT PRESENTATIONS 2009
  47. 47. Daan van den Berg, Jasper Overkleeft Valuating the Informal Built Environment Presentation 5 17-04-09 14:00-18:00 FAU-USP Lecture Hall IN.SP PROJECT PRESENTATIONS 2009
  48. 48. jasPer overkleeFt “With My background in building technologie, it’s interesting to look at the building environMent oF the inForMal settleMents oF sao Paulo. What Methods and Materials are used?” -Valuation of informal building enVironment- daan van den berg “With My background in real estate & housing, valuation oF these settleMents is a toPic that is interesting but diFFicult to adress, because oF the highly Fluctuating Market and a Weird Willingness to Pay” Project outPut Field Work Materials Model -Motivation- overlaP checklist tiMeline conclusion -1-
  49. 49. creating a checklist and a mathematical model (excel) based on the valuation oF dutch real estate Projects, but adaPted in such a Way that it can be used to valuate inForMal settleMents. the checklist Will be used to ForM an analysis FroM Which certain Variables For the Model can be derived. creating a timeline With diFFerent dWelling tyPologies and their building methods and materials Within inForMal settleMents. deriving FroM this analysis the construction costs and ProPosing soMe construction enhancements. -Project outPut- Field Work Materials Model Motivation overlaP checklist tiMeline conclusion -2-
  50. 50. Project overlaP Will occur on the Points oF analysing the saMe inForMal settleMent (ParaisoPolis) and on calculating Values. Meaning Market value, construction costs and actual value. this Way the three can be coMPared and can conclusions For inVestment be draWn. Project outPut Field Work Materials Model Motivation -overlaP- checklist tiMeline conclusion -3-
  51. 51. Project outPut -Field Work- Materials Model Motivation overlaP checklist tiMeline conclusion -4-
  52. 52. Project outPut -Field Work- Materials Model Motivation overlaP checklist tiMeline conclusion -4-
  53. 53. main toPics that Will be adressed in the checklist For inForMal settleMents are the FolloWing: - coMMon object sPeciFics - construction - housing Market (deMand) - Facilities - housing Market (suPPly) - governMent - Financial every Main toPic has its oWn subtoPics, this Way the checklist can be a guideline For the investor to create a good iMage oF the ProPerty that has to be valuated. note that not every Point has to be adressed equaly. Project outPut Field Work Materials Model Motivation overlaP -checklist- tiMeline conclusion -5-
  54. 54. common object sPecifics is divided in the FolloWing subtoPics: - naMe oF the coMPlex - number of dwellings Per tyPe (nuMber oF garages or Parking Places) (nuMber oF other rooMs) - year oF construction - lot size (M2) - size oF dWelling Per tyPe alley: r$ 10.000 viela: r$15.000- Main street: boco:r$40.000- r$25.000 r$40.000 r$60.000 Project outPut Field Work Materials Model Motivation overlaP -checklist- tiMeline conclusion -5-
  55. 55. Prize: Prize: Prize: r$ 17,30 r$ 19.90 r$ 0.40 steel concrete ceraMic $ 7.86 $ 9.04 $ 0.18 reinForceMent Per 25kg brick € 5.94 € 6.83 € 0.13 Per M1 Per M2 Prize: Prize: Prize: r$ 6.70 r$ 0.53 Floor beaMs ceraMic corrugated r$ 21.90 $ 3.04 $ 0.24 Per M1 Floor sheets $ 9.55 € 2.30 € 0.18 Per M2 Per M2 € 7.52 coMMon dWelling rebuild value Percentage oFF building cost rrooF 10% rWalls 24% rFloors 35% rconstruction 5% rFoundation 21% total rebuild cost : r$ 3500 Project outPut Field Work -Materials- Model Motivation overlaP checklist tiMeline conclusion -6-
  56. 56. -7- g t in ra co de g in ild bu de t si ou ng hi is Fin -tiMeline- conslusion y l it Pa ci ni n Mu io it gn Model co re a tr ek el as Materials es ic rv se checklist r te Wa as es Field Work ic rv se g in ild overlaP bu ng n di Pa Project outPut ex g in ild bu Motivation ng gi an ch t en l eM tt se st Fir
  57. 57. Project outPut Field Work Materials -Model- Motivation overlaP checklist tiMeline conclusion -8-
  58. 58. Project outPut Field Work Materials -Model- Motivation overlaP checklist tiMeline conclusion -8-
  59. 59. Project outPut Field Work Materials -Model- Motivation overlaP checklist tiMeline conclusion -8-
  60. 60. the inForMal settleMents are ForMing a large Part oF the city oF sao Paulo and are in a constant state oF deVeloPment and MoveMent, still groWing and exPanding. PeoPle have a certain willingness to Pay to stay in such neighbourhoods, there is a Market deMand. but isn’t the Price versus quality ProPortion long gone in these Places? estiMating the actual value oF real estate ProPerty can helP Making the housing Market More transParant For inves- tors, and can helP to create More tenant certainty Which can translate in a better quality oF the building environMent. Project outPut Field Work Materials Model Motivation overlaP checklist tiMeline -conclusion- -9-
  61. 61. IN.SP PROJECT PRESENTATIONS
  62. 62. Arife Karaosmanoglu, Toon Stallaart Minhocão - Informal use of the Urban Highway Presentation 6 17-04-09 14:00-18:00 FAU-USP Lecture Hall IN.SP PROJECT PRESENTATIONS 2009
  63. 63. Minhocão / Elevado 1971 – 20..?
  64. 64. Product Four fragments showing the transformation on top and underneath the viaduct at the same time, after the moment it opens and closes
  65. 65. Motivation Informality (in the urban context) is always a response to formality In the case of Minhocão, ignorant planning permitted the occurance of informality New plans for Minhocão either ignore or exclude informal use I want to show the quality of informal use
  66. 66. Argument Can architects plan formality as a response to informality? Does the transformation of the viaduct change the (in)formal activities on and underneath the viaduct Minhocão?
  67. 67. Bart Aptroot Informality as Strategy Presentation 7 17-04-09 14:00-18:00 FAU-USP Lecture Hall IN.SP PROJECT PRESENTATIONS 2009
  68. 68. Sao
Paulo
is
a
heterogenous
monster
 3
ci3es:
future,
present,
past
 Future
Sao
Paulo
ended
in
the
70’s
 Informal
Sao
Paulo
is
always
in
the
present
 Formal
Sao
Paulo
is
building
the
past

  69. 69. Informality
tends
to
cluster
 Example:
“park
&
light”,
a
cluster
of
interior
light
stores
that
double
as
parking
garages

  70. 70. Condi3ons
for
clustering
 Flexibility
of
building
typology
 Flexibility
of
zoning
plan
 History
 (absence
of)
infrastructure

  71. 71. Two
strategic
urban
design
approaches
(for
architects)
 • Use
micro
interven3ons
to
create
a
semi
public
inner
world
with
the
poten3al
to
interact
with


 the
neighbours.
 • Ini3ate
plans
with
land
owners.

Focus
on
high
investment
rather
than
high
profit
for
easy
 municipal
approval.
Land
owner
will
sell
land
+
plan
+
approval
(low
risk
=
high
price)
to
a
 developer
in
a
bidding
procedure.

  72. 72. Informal
clustering
(aTer
a
succesful
first
aUempt)
 • Neighbouring
plots
not
only
link
to
the
newly

created
semi
public
inner
world.
They’ll
start
 crea3ng
their
own
inner
fabric.
Linking
these
areas
increases
success.
 • ATer
one
larger
land
owner
has
proven
the
success
of
selling
land
with
pland
and
approval
 others
will
see
opportuni3es
for
their
proper3es
and
ini3ate
similar
strategies.

  73. 73. IN.SP PRESENTATION Discussion Moment II IN.SP Presentations 17-04-09 14:00-18:00 FAU-USP Lecture Hall IN.SP PROJECT PRESENTATIONS 2009
  74. 74. IN.SP PRESENTATION Concluding Discussion IN.SP Presentations 17-04-09 14:00-18:00 FAU-USP Lecture Hall IN.SP PROJECT PRESENTATIONS 2009

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