Terrorist related hazardsassignment2 jarodbleibdrey
Terrorist Related Hazards BY: JAROD BLEIBDREY PROFESSOR ALAN HAZEN, M.S.C.J FEBRUARY 25, 2012
Purpose The purpose of this presentation is to address the multiple areas of concern for terrorist related hazards, and programs designed to combat these specific possible threats.
Threat #1 – Biological Threats Biological warfare is a major area of concern as the introduction of an infectious disease would create mass hysteria and a wide range of possible outcomes…to include multiple fatalities.
Biological Threat ContinuedRequired needs of intended Possible contaminationterrorist organization methods This type of threat Terroristic organizations requires a small biology may contaminate one of lab, with little funding. themselves or another The more funding person, animal or material available to an object. Contamination organization, the greater could occur strictly through the contamination could contact. be. “Dirty” bomb, loaded with Funding – low microbes. Detonation Needs – low would cause initial Potential damage - High exposure.
Programs Designed to Combat Biological ThreatsCAMRA ZADD The Center for Advancing The Center of Excellence Microbial Risk Assessment for Zoonatic and Animal (CAMRA), led by Michigan Disease Defense (ZADD), State University and Drexel led by Texas A&M University. This program is University and Kansas designed to fill critical gaps State University. This in risk assessments of program is designed to microbial hazards. research and safeguard Bioterrorism was the chief the nations agriculture cause for this programs and animals from disease creation. plus biological threats, natural or man-made.
Programs Designed to Protect Against Biological Threats ContinuedZADD NCFPD The National Center for Food ZADD also aids in Protection and Defense, led combating against food by University of Minnesota. This program is designed to contamination via defend the safety and security meat or produce. of the American food system, through standards, accountability and screening of food items. This protects the public from biological or chemical contamination of food.
Threat #2 - Explosives Current usage of suicide bombers, remote detonated bombs, and multiple explosive methods have created this threat to be not just perceived but achieved. Terrorist organizations are capable of utilizing multiple methods to achieve a specific explosive result.
Explosions Continued Possible methods ofNecessities detonation Multiple means create a Suicide bomber violent explosion, and Planted explosive thus no limited list can be created for Remote detonation identification. Use of mass Financing – Low transportation device Necessities – Dependent as improvised upon desired effect explosive, as seen on 9- Possible threat - High 11 of 2001 in New York.
Programs Designed to Combat the use of Explosive DevicesALERT NTSCOE The Center of Excellence The National for Awareness and Transportation Security Location of Explosives- Center of Excellence, Related Threats, led by established in Northeastern University accordance with HR1. and University of Rhode Designed to develop new Island. Designed to technologies, tools and develop new means and advanced methods to methods to protect defend, protect and America from explosives increase the resilience of related threats. the nation’s multimodal transportation.
Threat #3 – Chemical Hazards Chemical warfare is the use of bioengineered chemicals, which causes a physical or neurological reaction within animals, to result in a specific outcome…usually death.
Chemical Hazards continued The necessary cost to create and produce a chemical weapon is considerable. However, stockpiled weapons may be obtained and utilized by insurgent groups. The probable risk is low, but possibility is present.
Chemical Hazard Protection Currently, no specific The Geneva Protocol of program is implemented 1925 requires inspection to deal exclusively with of all chemical weapon Chemical weapons, or factories, while the their possible usage. Chemical Weapons Convention, 1997, requires the destruction and prohibition of all chemical weapons. Unfortunately, to date, no terrorist organization is party to this convention.
Threat #4 - Recruitment Terrorist organizations are recruiting members through personal reference, internet or any other method. Religious background is not a portion of their criteria, rather a mutual hatred toward their primary target.
Recruitment Continued The key to any gang, or criminal organization is numbers. In essence, the more people committed to a cause, the stronger the organization, (Battin- Pearson et al, 1998).
Program to Combat Recruitment - START The National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START), is led by the University of Maryland. Designed to disrupt terrorists and terrorist groups through grounded findings on the human element of the terrorist threat. This program takes information on a global scale and then compiles the information for evaluation and decision, (US Department of Homeland Security).
Preventive Measures This office has established a key program to aid in preventing terrorist attacks prior to any major attack materializing. “An ounce of prevention is worth more than a pound of cure” – Henry de Bracton
Preventive Programs – C2I The Center of Excellence in Command, Control and Interoperability (C2I), is led by Purdue University and Rutgers University. This program is designed to create the scientific basis and specific technologies needed to analyze massive amounts of information, in order to detect security threats quickly.
Response Response to any event is crucial in obtaining information, ensuring maximum safety after the fact, and restoring order efficiently.
Response ProgramsPACER CHC The National Center for The Coastal Hazards Center of Excellence, led by the University the Study of of North Carolina and Jackson Preparedness and State University. This program Catastrophic Event performs research and develops Response (PACER), is educational programs to enhance the nations ability to protect led by Johns Hopkins populations, properties, and University. This program economies from natural is designed to optimize disasters. Although the CHC is designed for natural disasters our nations preparedness and response, their information in the event of a high and training cross references to consequence disaster. terroristic acts as well.
Response Programs Continued - CREATE The Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events (CREATE), is led by the University of Southern California. This program is designed to develop tools to evaluate the risks, costs and consequences of terrorism.
Conclusion In closing, the many programs specific to combating terrorism within the United States of America, is growing. Already a vast web of areas are covered and demonstrate the concern toward terroristic acts. September 11th was a realization for the American people, the Department of Homeland Security is the answer of that realization. Department of Homeland Security – “Preserving our Freedoms, Protecting America”
References Battin-Pearson, S. R., Thornberry, T. P., Hawkins, J. D., and Krohn, M. D. 1998. Gang Membership, Delinquent Peers, and Delinquent Behavior. Bulletin. Youth Gang Series. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Web search on February 25, 2012 of http://DHS.gov Chalk, Peter 2006, West European Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism, New York: St. Martins Press Higgins, Rosalyn, 2007, "The General International Law of Terrorism." Terrorism and International Law. Edited by Rosalyn Higgins and Maurice Flory. New York: Routledge,. Pages 13–29.