Presentation at Kigali Institute of Education - Setember 2009

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This was a talk I gave to the students and professors of Kigali Institute of Education. If focused on the ideas that founded OLPC and the problems a large scale project faces.

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  • Presentation at Kigali Institute of Education - Setember 2009

    1. 1. Laptops and High- quality Education for Every Child Juliano Bittencourt Learning Development
    2. 2. How the world will looks like in 2020?
    3. 3. How the world will looks like in 2020? • A child that enters P1 in 2009 will graduate high school in 2020
    4. 4. How the world will looks like in 2020? • A child that enters P1 in 2009 will graduate high school in 2020 • What the young adults of 2020 will need to know in order to enable a peaceful and prosperous society?
    5. 5. How the world will looks like in 2020? • A child that enters P1 in 2009 will graduate high school in 2020 • What the young adults of 2020 will need to know in order to enable a peaceful and prosperous society? • How we need to change our schools in order to prepare the citizens of the next generation?
    6. 6. School Change
    7. 7. School Change • While we can not know what the world will look like, we can be certain the world will be different. Ongoing change is one definite constant;
    8. 8. School Change • While we can not know what the world will look like, we can be certain the world will be different. Ongoing change is one definite constant; • The role of technology; the need to creatively solve new, unforeseen challenges; and the necessity of innovation are also definite;
    9. 9. School Change • While we can not know • The task to prepare children what the world will look for a changing, unpredictable like, we can be certain the world where competitive world will be different. advantage goes to those Ongoing change is one who create differs radically definite constant; from the past educational reality • The role of technology; the need to creatively solve new, unforeseen challenges; and the necessity of innovation are also definite;
    10. 10. How the school should looks like when information is one click away?
    11. 11. • The best preparation for thriving in the 21st century is to develop a love of learning and the skills to learn well
    12. 12. • The best preparation for thriving in the 21st century is to develop a love of learning and the skills to learn well • If one can only recite from memory, then one will be at a huge disadvantage in a future that differs from the past
    13. 13. • The best preparation for • Being fluent with thriving in the 21st technology and learning century is to develop a to channel creativity love of learning and the through technology is skills to learn well what will enable children, and their • If one can only recite countries, to prosper. from memory, then one will be at a huge disadvantage in a future that differs from the past
    14. 14. Dewey Montessori Paulo Freire Children learn best when they are actively engaged exploring, creating and constructing in areas of study where they have interest
    15. 15. Jean Piaget How children learn? Despite the fact that we know much more today about how children learn, teaching continues based on the ideas and practices from the 19th century
    16. 16. • Children learn by doing and thinking about what they do. Thus the foundation of educational reform must be for children to have better things to do and better ways to think about doing these things
    17. 17. • Children learn by doing and thinking about what they do. Thus the foundation of educational reform must be for children to have better things to do and better ways to think about doing these things • The computer is humanity’s greatest tool for active learning. Computers have enabled the tremendous growth of knowledge in the world. Since the mission of children is learning, it is our obligation to provide them equitable access to the most powerful learning tool invented: connected laptops
    18. 18. • Children learn by doing and thinking about what they do. Thus the foundation of educational reform must be for children to have better things to do and better ways to think about doing these things • The computer is humanity’s greatest tool for active learning. Computers have enabled the tremendous growth of knowledge in the world. Since the mission of children is learning, it is our obligation to provide them equitable access to the most powerful learning tool invented: connected laptops • This change will not happen by merely having children sit passively watching pretty animations flash across computer screens or only through drill and practice. Computer Aided Instruction was widely tested worldwide and failed usually in miserable ways.
    19. 19. Where does OLPC come from?
    20. 20. Thinking out of the box In the late 60’s, a South African mathematician named Seymour Papert imaged a way where computers could help young children to do and understand complex math. Kids learn more when they teach the computer than when the computer try to teach them. Papert created the LOGO programming language to kids teach the computer.
    21. 21. Projects • Diverse projects at MIT in the 60’s • Alan’s Kay projects at XEROX PARK at the 70’s • First school saturated with computers (Apple II in the 80’s) • Laptops saturation of the middle school students in Maine (90’s) • Project Lighthouse (Thailand - 90’s) • Initiatives in many other countries (Brasil, Uruguay, Senegal, Australia, England, ...)
    22. 22. Since than, we discovered that computers can be used by children to do wonderful things. But they weren’t cheap enough so we can use them in large scale. Since companies said it was impossible to do it, a group of MIT professors decided to do it
    23. 23. Since than, we discovered that computers can be used by children to do wonderful things. But they weren’t cheap enough so we can use them in large scale. Since companies said it was impossible to do it, a group of MIT professors decided to do it
    24. 24. What is OLPC
    25. 25. What is OLPC • OLPC is an international Non-Profit organization. We aren’t a computer company nor a laptop manufacture
    26. 26. What is OLPC • OLPC is an international Non-Profit organization. We aren’t a computer company nor a laptop manufacture • The XO laptop is the result of a big research effort and contains lots of innovations. It isn’t just a cheap computer.
    27. 27. What is OLPC • OLPC is an international • To create a revolution in Non-Profit organization. education we can’t do We aren’t a computer the same things as they company nor a laptop always done. manufacture • The XO laptop is the result of a big research effort and contains lots of innovations. It isn’t just a cheap computer.
    28. 28. Core principles
    29. 29. Core principles 1. Children Ownership
    30. 30. Core principles 1. Children Ownership 2. Young Children
    31. 31. Core principles 1. Children Ownership 2. Young Children 3. Saturation
    32. 32. Core principles 1. Children Ownership 2. Young Children 3. Saturation 4. Connectivity
    33. 33. Core principles 1. Children Ownership 2. Young Children 3. Saturation 4. Connectivity 5. Free and Open Source
    34. 34. Scale
    35. 35. Scale • Incremental Change is Insufficient
    36. 36. Scale • Incremental Change is Insufficient • Computer labs: The Mathematics of Computer Usage in Schools
    37. 37. Scale • Incremental Change is Insufficient • Computer labs: The Mathematics of Computer Usage in Schools • Saturation, Spread and Systemic Change
    38. 38. Scale • Incremental Change is Insufficient • Computer labs: The Mathematics of Computer Usage in Schools • Saturation, Spread and Systemic Change • If the overall goal is high-quality education for all, then what must be maximized is not immediate, low-impact access for the most children in the fastest time, but the best initial actions that enable the greatest transformation of quality for all children in the shortest time
    39. 39. Rwanda
    40. 40. Rwanda • Global Center of Excellence for Laptops and Learning
    41. 41. Rwanda • Global Center of Excellence for Laptops and Learning • Research center with the objective of developing R&D and Basic research related to laptops and learning
    42. 42. Rwanda • Global Center of Excellence for Laptops and Learning • Research center with the objective of developing R&D and Basic research related to laptops and learning • Develop cutting edge research taking advantage of the large number of laptops to be deployed in Rwanda (content, technologies, materials, etc)
    43. 43. Rwanda • Global Center of Excellence for Laptops and Learning • Research center with the objective of developing R&D and Basic research related to laptops and learning • Develop cutting edge research taking advantage of the large number of laptops to be deployed in Rwanda (content, technologies, materials, etc) • Run a number of programs to support the laptops initiative through the development of people and ideas
    44. 44. Rwanda • Global Center of Excellence for Laptops and Learning • Research center with the objective of developing R&D and Basic research related to laptops and learning • Develop cutting edge research taking advantage of the large number of laptops to be deployed in Rwanda (content, technologies, materials, etc) • Run a number of programs to support the laptops initiative through the development of people and ideas • Support the region and the world through innovative new programs
    45. 45. Thanks Juliano Bittencourt juliano@laptop.org Silvia Kist silvia@laptop.org

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