Phase changes

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Phase changes

  1. 1. Phase Changes
  2. 2. Do Now: What are the names for the phases that matter goes through when changing from solid to liquid to gas, and then back again?
  3. 3. States of Matter - Review By adding energy, usually in the form of heat, the bonds that hold a solid together can slowly break apart. The object goes from one state, or phase, to another. These changes are called PHASE CHANGES.
  4. 4. Solids A solid is an ordered arrangement of particles that have very little movement. The particles vibrate back and forth but remain closely attracted to each other.
  5. 5. Liquids A liquid is an arrangement of less ordered particles that have gained energy and can move about more freely. Their attraction is less than a solid.
  6. 6. Compare the two states:
  7. 7. Gases By adding energy, solids can change from an ordered arrangement to a less ordered arrangement (liquid), and finally to a very random arrangement of the particles (the gas phase).
  8. 8. Each phase change has a specific name, based on what is happening to the particles of matter.
  9. 9. Melting and Freezing The solid, ordered molecules gain energy, collide more, and become less ordered. The less ordered liquid molecules loose energy, slow down, and become more ordered.
  10. 10. Condensation and Vaporization The less ordered gas molecules loose energy, slow down, and become more ordered. The more ordered liquid molecules gain energy, speed up, and become less ordered. Evaporation only occurs at the surface of a liquid. Boiling occurs throughout the liquid.
  11. 11. Sublimation and Deposition The more ordered solid gains energy, the molecules speed up and become less ordered gas. Liquid phase is bypassed. The less ordered gas looses energy, molecules slow down, and become a solid (frost). Liquid phase is bypassed
  12. 12. Phase changes are classified as one of two types: 1. ENDOTHERMIC – The object absorbs energy from the surroundings. Think of ENDO as “entering”: energy comes into the object. What is happening to the particles? 2. EXOTHERMIC – The object releases energy to the surroundings. Think of EXO as “exiting”: energy goes out of the object. What is happening to the particles now?
  13. 13. Now we can complete the remaining two columns of the study guide.
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