What is Fall Gardening?<br /><ul><li>Sucessional plantings of warm season crops for harvesting up to frost
Late summer plantings of cool season crops that can tolerate a frost
Fall plantings of very hardy crops for spring harvesting
 Protection of crops for extended harvest</li></li></ul><li>Why plant in the fall?<br /><ul><li>Fewer harmful insects
Fewer weeds
Extended use of garden space
Fresh crops for a longer time </li></li></ul><li>Cool season crops<br />Cole crops: broccoli, cabbage, collards, kale caul...
Overwintering Crops<br /><ul><li>Chicories
Garlic
Kale
Leeks
Multiplier Onions
Spinach
Leeks</li></li></ul><li>Fall conditions<br /><ul><li>Cooler days and nights
Shorter days
Slower rate of crop maturation
Some crops become sweeter
Lettuce and spinach will not bolt</li></li></ul><li>Transplants<br />Transplants are commonly used for:<br /><ul><li>Brocc...
Brussels sprouts
Cabbage
Cauliflower
Collards</li></li></ul><li>Setting out transplants<br /><ul><li>Seedlings need gradual exposure to direct sunlight
Will benefit from light shading for the first few days
Keep them moist!!</li></li></ul><li>Direct seeding<br /><ul><li>Beets
Carrots
Chinese cabbage
Cilantro
Collards
Endive
Kale
Kohlrabi
Lettuce
Mustard greens
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Fall gardening

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  • Germination and days to maturity – based on seed packet. First frost date based on chart you will receive – at 67% for dates for U. Marlboro and LaPlata.
  • Fall gardening

    1. 1. What is Fall Gardening?<br /><ul><li>Sucessional plantings of warm season crops for harvesting up to frost
    2. 2. Late summer plantings of cool season crops that can tolerate a frost
    3. 3. Fall plantings of very hardy crops for spring harvesting
    4. 4. Protection of crops for extended harvest</li></li></ul><li>Why plant in the fall?<br /><ul><li>Fewer harmful insects
    5. 5. Fewer weeds
    6. 6. Extended use of garden space
    7. 7. Fresh crops for a longer time </li></li></ul><li>Cool season crops<br />Cole crops: broccoli, cabbage, collards, kale cauliflower, kohlrabi, Brussels sprouts <br />Greens: leaf/head lettuce, spinach, chard, arugula, Asian greens, mustard, cilantro<br />Root crops: rutabagas, beets, carrots, turnips, parsnips, radishes<br />
    8. 8. Overwintering Crops<br /><ul><li>Chicories
    9. 9. Garlic
    10. 10. Kale
    11. 11. Leeks
    12. 12. Multiplier Onions
    13. 13. Spinach
    14. 14. Leeks</li></li></ul><li>Fall conditions<br /><ul><li>Cooler days and nights
    15. 15. Shorter days
    16. 16. Slower rate of crop maturation
    17. 17. Some crops become sweeter
    18. 18. Lettuce and spinach will not bolt</li></li></ul><li>Transplants<br />Transplants are commonly used for:<br /><ul><li>Broccoli
    19. 19. Brussels sprouts
    20. 20. Cabbage
    21. 21. Cauliflower
    22. 22. Collards</li></li></ul><li>Setting out transplants<br /><ul><li>Seedlings need gradual exposure to direct sunlight
    23. 23. Will benefit from light shading for the first few days
    24. 24. Keep them moist!!</li></li></ul><li>Direct seeding<br /><ul><li>Beets
    25. 25. Carrots
    26. 26. Chinese cabbage
    27. 27. Cilantro
    28. 28. Collards
    29. 29. Endive
    30. 30. Kale
    31. 31. Kohlrabi
    32. 32. Lettuce
    33. 33. Mustard greens
    34. 34. Spinach
    35. 35. Turnips</li></ul>http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-PCAiH7B6RCQ/Ti7YYXVrYHI/AAAAAAAAEAc/BHBtiXDm_Bw/s1600/carrot+seedlings.jpg<br />
    36. 36. Timing of seeding for Fall Crops<br /><ul><li>Identify average first frost date
    37. 37. Identify days to maturity from seed/transplant
    38. 38. Add 14 days for Short Day Factor</li></ul>Days to plant before frost date = <br />days to germinate/days to transplant + <br />days to maturity + SDF <br />
    39. 39. Sample Calculation For Sowing Spinach Seeds<br />Days to germination: 5-7 <br />Days to maturity: 35<br />Short Day Factor (SDF): 14<br /> 54-56 days <br />Sow seeds about 8 weeks before the first frost (~Oct. 15)<br />Mid August<br />
    40. 40. Row Cover Protection<br /><ul><li>Throw a bed sheet over row cover for a few days to provide shade.
    41. 41. Row covers deter insects and larger critters.
    42. 42. Row covers can extend season.</li></li></ul><li>Organic mulches can provide shade and reduce evaporation<br />~ 1 month later<br />
    43. 43. Getting seeds to germinate in the late summer<br /><ul><li>Soil is often hot and dry in the late summer.
    44. 44. Daily watering is often necessary to establish fall crops.
    45. 45. Carrot seedlings will perish if soil is not kept moist.</li></li></ul><li>Some seeds will not germinate at high temperatures.<br /><ul><li>The maximum soil temperature for germinating lettuce and spinach is 70-75 degrees F.
    46. 46. For most vegetables, the optimum temperature for germination is 80 -90 degrees F. </li></li></ul><li>Pre-germinating seeds<br /><ul><li>Soak seeds overnight in a moistened paper towel enclosed in a plastic bag.
    47. 47. Do not soak longer than a day or 2 or delicate seedling parts will be damaged in planting. </li></li></ul><li>Direct seeding in the fall<br /><ul><li>Plant seeds slightly deeper. Depth may be 1 ½ to 2 times deeper than spring.
    48. 48. Can cover seeds in furrow with potting soil or vermiculite.
    49. 49. Keep soil cool and moist. Cover seeded area with burlap, newspapers, or boards.</li></li></ul><li>Water soil before sowing and after.<br />
    50. 50. Interplanting<br /><ul><li>Use shade from existing plants
    51. 51. Sow lettuce, carrots, arugula, beets, collards</li></li></ul><li>Mustard greens on north side of tomatoes<br />
    52. 52. What to do right now<br /><ul><li>Last plantings of fast growing warm season vegetables-snap beans, cukes, summer squash
    53. 53. Start cabbage family seedlings indoors
    54. 54. Direct seed carrots, beets, chard, kale, collards…
    55. 55. Soak or pre-germinate lettuce or spinach seeds for direct seeding</li></li></ul><li>Fall Planting Schedule<br />10-12 weeks before frost:<br /><ul><li>Direct seed beets, carrots, collards lettuce, radishes…</li></li></ul><li>Planting Schedule<br />8 to 10 weeks before frost:<br /><ul><li>Direct seed Asian greens, arugula, turnips, spinach, mustard…
    56. 56. Direct seed second planting of lettuce, radishes, beets…
    57. 57. Set transplants for cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower…</li></li></ul><li>Planting schedule<br />6 to 8 weeks before frost:<br /><ul><li>Direct seed spinach, lettuce, arugula, radishes...
    58. 58. Sow vegetables under protective cover.</li></li></ul><li>Season extension<br />Floating Row Cover<br />Provides 4-10 degrees of protection<br />Cold Frame<br />Hoop House<br />Greenhouse<br />
    59. 59.
    60. 60.
    61. 61.
    62. 62.
    63. 63. What should you do??<br />
    64. 64. You can pick them off by hand<br />
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