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  1. 1. Chemical Company CEO Chemical Company CEO Chemical Company CEO RJ BLAISDELL JOSH BERRYMAN & & Daniel Swift
  2. 2. Advantages of Pesticides <ul><li>Pesticides are the only effective means of controlling disease organisms, weeds, or insect pests in many circumstances. </li></ul><ul><li>Consumers receive direct benefits from pesticides through wider selections and lower prices for food and clothing. </li></ul><ul><li>Pesticides protect private, public, and commercial dwellings from structural damage associated with termite infestations. </li></ul><ul><li>Pesticides contribute to enhanced human health by preventing disease outbreaks through the control of rodent and insect populations. </li></ul><ul><li>Pesticides are used to sanitize our drinking and recreational water. </li></ul><ul><li>Pesticides are used to disinfect indoor areas (e.g., kitchens, operating rooms, nursing homes) as well as dental and surgical instruments. </li></ul><ul><li>The pesticide industry also provides benefits to society. For instance, local communities and state governments may be partially dependent upon the jobs and tax base that pesticide manufacturers, distributors, dealers, commercial applicators, and farmers provide. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Half - Life <ul><li>Half-life is a measure of how quickly a chemical breaks down in soil (soil half-life) or water (hydrolysis half-life). </li></ul><ul><li>Shorter is better. Pesticides are less likely to leach when their hydrolysis half-life is less than six months and their soil half-life is less than three weeks. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Ever-Changing Laws and Regulations <ul><li>All pesticides must be registered with the EPA to ensure that they will not cause unreasonable adverse effects on the environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Certain pesticides are classified as &quot;Restricted-Use&quot; and can only be used by or under the direct supervision of a trained Certified Applicator. Restricted-Use pesticides are those that have a greater chance of causing adverse impacts to humans and the environment. </li></ul><ul><li>It is illegal to make restricted use pesticides available to non-certified personnel. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Water Solubility <ul><li>Solubility is a measure of how easily a chemical dissolves in water. The lower a chemical's solubility, the less likely it is to move with water through the soil. </li></ul><ul><li>Lower is better. Pesticides are less likely to leach when their water solubility is less than 30 parts per million. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Insecticides Visit For more information See product label for use rate based upon crop and target pests Rates Broad-spectrum insect control in numerous crops, including pests like aphids, beetles, grasshoppers, mites, worms, weevils and much more. Controls                         Chlorpyrifos and Gamma-cyhalothrin Active Ingredients Cobalt ™ Insecticide
  7. 7. Formulation Selection Considerations <ul><li>Environmental concerns. Special precautions need to be taken with formulations that are prone to drift in air or move off-target into water. Wildlife can also be affected to varying degrees by different formulations. Birds may be attracted by granules, and fish or aquatic invertebrates can prove especially sensitive to specific pesticide formulations such as 2,4-D esters. </li></ul><ul><li>Applicators should be aware that certain formulations can stain fabrics, discolor linoleum, dissolve plastic, or burn foliage. </li></ul><ul><li>Cost. Product prices may vary substantially, based on the active ingredients present and the complexity of delivering active ingredients in specific formulations. </li></ul>
  8. 8. HIGHER YIELDS <ul><li>Some chemical companies like Mycogen add chemicals to plants to produce higher yields. They also make them less vulnerable to dieses </li></ul>
  9. 9. Bibliography <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  10. 10. HAPPY HALLOWEEN!!!