Ch 21 After Watergate 2010


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Ch 21 After Watergate 2010

  1. 1. After Watergate<br />Chapter 21.2-3<br />
  2. 2. Gerald Ford<br />Become VP when Spiro Agnew resigned in disgrace<br />Former Michigan Congressman<br />Moderate conservative, well liked on both sides of the isle<br />Sought to restore trust in government<br />Oath: August 9, 1974<br />
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  6. 6. The Pardon<br />On September 8, 1974, Ford gave Nixon a full and unconditional pardon for any crimes he may have committed against the United States while President.<br />In a TV broadcast, Ford explained that he felt the pardon was in the best interests of the country <br />Ford also introduced a conditional amnesty program for Vietnam War draft dodgers<br />
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  8. 8. U.S. Inflation Rates<br />
  9. 9. Foreign Policy<br />Fall of Saigon <br />All American military forces had withdrawn from Vietnam in 1973. <br />As the North Vietnamese conquered the South in 1975, Ford ordered the final withdrawal of American civilians <br />On April 29-30, 1975, the American embassy in Saigon was evacuated amidst a chaotic scene. <br />Some 1,373 U.S. citizens and 5,595 Vietnamese and third country nationals were evacuated by military and Air America helicopters to U.S. Navy ships off-shore.<br />
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  11. 11. 1976 Election<br />Republican Nominees<br />Gerald Ford & Bob Dole<br />Democratic Nominees<br />Jimmy Carter & Walter Mondale<br />
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  13. 13. 1976 Election<br />Ford was saddled with a slow economy<br />> inflation<br />> unemployment <br />Ford paid a political price for his pardon of Nixon<br />Carter ran as an outsider and a reformer and won.<br />
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  16. 16. President Carter<br />Peanut Farmer<br />GA State Senator<br />GA Governor<br />Style?<br />Brother Billy<br />
  17. 17. Camp David Accords<br />One of Carter's most important accomplishments as President were the Camp David Accords on September 17, 1978<br />They were a peace agreement between Israel and Egypt negotiated by President Carter, which followed up on earlier negotiations conducted in the Middle East<br />Carter invited Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and Egypt’s Sadat to Camp David <br />
  18. 18. Camp David Accords<br />The Camp David Accords produced a framework for peace between Egypt and Israel<br />Peace between Egypt and Israel<br />Israel’s “right to exist” recognized<br />Hand-back of Sinai planned (timetable)<br />
  19. 19. Pres. Carter<br />Israel's Begin<br />Egypt's Sadat<br />
  20. 20. Panama Canal Treaty<br />Signed in September 1977<br />The treaty said that Panama would gain control of the Panama Canal after 1999<br />Ended control of the canal that the U.S. had since 1903<br />Part of Carter’s human-rights foreign policy focus<br />The U.S. retained the permanent right to defend the canal from any threat<br />
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  22. 22. USSR Invades Afghanistan<br />In December 1979, the USSR invaded Afghanistan<br />Some believed the Soviets were:<br />Expanding their borders to gain a foothold in the region for a warm water port<br />Positioning for a takeover of Middle Eastern oil<br />Fearful that the fundamentalist Muslim uprising in Iran and Afghanistan would spread to Muslims in the USSR <br />After the invasion, President Carter:<br />Stopped exports of wheat to Russia<br />Prohibited U.S. participation in the 1980 Olympics in Moscow<br />
  23. 23. Gerald Ford<br />Jimmy Carter<br />Ronald Reagan<br />Richard Nixon<br />
  24. 24. Gerald Ford<br />Jimmy Carter<br />Ronald Reagan<br />Richard Nixon<br />
  25. 25. Gerald Fords ascendency to the presidency could be described as:<br />Appellation<br />Desultory<br />Chimerical<br />Scion<br />
  26. 26. Gerald Ford<br />Jimmy Carter<br />Ronald Reagan<br />Richard Nixon<br />
  27. 27. Hair Club for Men Co-Presidents<br />Sears and Roebuck<br />Woodward and Bernstein<br />Simon and Schulster<br />
  28. 28. Richard M. Nixon won the election of 1968 for all of the following reasons EXCEPT? <br />Nixon could criticize the Democrats for involving the United States in Vietnam for years<br />He promised the American people he could defeat Communism in Vietnam<br />Nixon could attack the wasteful and failed programs of the Great Society. <br />Nixon could appeal to the non-demonstrating, non-shouting, forgotten Americans.<br />
  29. 29. The Watergate scandal grew out of the efforts of Nixon's confidants to? <br />control all new appointments for the Supreme Court<br />tighten the security against leaks to reporters on the Washington Post<br />arrest the growing influence and power of Secretary of State Henry Kissinger<br />assure the re-election of Nixon in 1972 <br />
  30. 30. Watergate?<br />A<br />C<br />B<br />D<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />
  31. 31. Which of the following best matches up with the détente the US was experiencing with the USSR?<br />SALT I<br />war in Afghanistan<br />lack of US participation at the 1980 Moscow Olympics<br />the Camp David Accords<br />
  32. 32. Richard Nixon's approach to China was to? <br />isolate the mainland government because of its support for the north in the Vietnam War. <br />pressure the nationalist government of Taiwan to seek reunification with the mainland. <br />open to contact for the first time since 1949 by visiting China and beginning diplomatic relations.<br />try to stir Soviet-Chinese border conflict.<br />
  33. 33. Nixon Must Surrender Tapes!    Supreme Court Rules, 8 to 0!Which feature of the U. S. Constitution system is best illustrated by the above headlines?<br />checks and balances. <br />power to grant pardons. <br />executive privilege. <br />federalism.<br />
  34. 34. Which of the following MOST damaged President Ford’s chances for re-election in 1976?<br />his use of the presidential pardon<br />charges of tax evasion and bribery<br />unpopularity of the Vietnam War<br />the oil embargo put in place by OPEC<br />
  35. 35. Iranian Hostage Crisis<br />The Iran hostage crisis was a diplomatic crisis that lasted from November 4, 1979, until January 20, 1981. <br />Members of the Muslim Student Followers held 66 U.S. citizens hostage inside the American diplomatic mission in Tehran, Iran<br />The crisis was one of the primary reasons for Jimmy Carter's loss in the U.S. Presidential Election of 1980<br />
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  43. 43. Iranian Hostage Crisis<br />On January 20, 1981, the hostages were formally released into United States custody after spending 444 days in captivity.<br />The release took place just minutes after Ronald Reagan was officially sworn in as president.<br />