3.01 Trace the economic, social, and political eventsfrom the Mexican War to the outbreak of the Civil War.  3.02 Analyze ...
Review   Expansion of slavery is dividing North    and South     North abolitionist movements      ○ William Lloyd Garri...
Missouri Compromise   Review     3 parts of the Missouri Compromise      ○ Maine admitted as Free State      ○ Missouri ...
Clay’s Compromise of 1850 Westward expansion opens debate of  slavery Henry Clay- known as the Great  Compromiser Compr...
Compromise of 18501) California   admitted as a   free state2) Green- free   states and   territories3) Yellow- slave   st...
Kansas-Nebraska Act(1854) This act will reverse the Missouri  Compromise Stephen Douglas will promote the idea  of popul...
Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)1) LightGreen- slavestates2) Light Pink-free states3) Brown- nowopen topopularsovereignty
Bleeding Kansas   Since Kansas can    now vote on being a    slave or free state a    showdown is set.     Pro-slavery a...
Other Events   Underground Railroad     Movement of slaves to the North and      Canada using secret hideouts     Reaso...
Underground Railroad
Other Events Cont.   John Brown’s Raid     John Brown will raid a federal weapons      arsenal in Harper’s Ferry, Virgin...
John Brown
Other Events Cont.   Harriet Beecher Stowe     Write book Uncle Tom’s Cabin in        1852       Book describes the hum...
Sumner-Brooks Affair   1856     South Carolina Senator Preston Brooks     attacks Massachusetts Senator Charles     Sumn...
Dred Scott v. Sandford March 1857 Dred Scott- slave suing for freedom (living  in free territory) Court ruling        1...
Rise of Republican Party andLincoln Republican Party- form around one  issue---- Abolish Slavery Gain in strength throug...
Abraham Lincoln   Lincoln-Douglas Debates     During the Senate Race in 1858     Lincoln (Republican)- did not want imm...
Election of 1860   4 Candidates     Lincoln- Republican     2 Democrats- split the vote     1 third party Lincoln win...
Electionof 1860  *Lincolnwins withoutgetting asingleelectoral votefrom South
Southern Secession   After Election of 1860- southern states    secede (leave) the Union     Led by South Carolina     ...
Road to the civil war (1)
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Road to the civil war (1)

1,043 views

Published on

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,043
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Road to the civil war (1)

  1. 1. 3.01 Trace the economic, social, and political eventsfrom the Mexican War to the outbreak of the Civil War. 3.02 Analyze and assess the causes of the Civil War.
  2. 2. Review Expansion of slavery is dividing North and South  North abolitionist movements ○ William Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglass, Sojourner Truth, Nat Turner’s Rebellion  South defend slavery as “necessary evil” ○ Economy depends on Slave labor Westward expansion will increase these tensions as southerners look to expand slavery
  3. 3. Missouri Compromise Review  3 parts of the Missouri Compromise ○ Maine admitted as Free State ○ Missouri admitted as Slave State ○ 36’30” line divides country (above is free and below is slave) Westward expansion will create the need for a new compromise over expansion of slavery
  4. 4. Clay’s Compromise of 1850 Westward expansion opens debate of slavery Henry Clay- known as the Great Compromiser Compromise of 1850  California admitted as a Free State  Congress passes the Fugitive Slave Act ○ Requires citizens to turn in any slave that is attempting or has escaped ○ Failing to turn these people in will result in punishment by law ○ Southern states will favor this act
  5. 5. Compromise of 18501) California admitted as a free state2) Green- free states and territories3) Yellow- slave states and territories4) Purple- open to slavery
  6. 6. Kansas-Nebraska Act(1854) This act will reverse the Missouri Compromise Stephen Douglas will promote the idea of popular sovereignty  States will now have the right to vote on being slave or free Based on Ideas of 10th Amendment  Powers not delegated to US, are reserved to states or the people
  7. 7. Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)1) LightGreen- slavestates2) Light Pink-free states3) Brown- nowopen topopularsovereignty
  8. 8. Bleeding Kansas Since Kansas can now vote on being a slave or free state a showdown is set.  Pro-slavery and anti-slavery supporters move into Kansas to influence the vote  Lead to bloodshed and fights between pro and anti- slavery groups
  9. 9. Other Events Underground Railroad  Movement of slaves to the North and Canada using secret hideouts  Reason South calls for Fugitive Slave Law  Harriet Tubman is famous conductor of the Underground Railroad
  10. 10. Underground Railroad
  11. 11. Other Events Cont. John Brown’s Raid  John Brown will raid a federal weapons arsenal in Harper’s Ferry, Virginia  Brown wanted to give weapons to slaves to start a revolt  Brown and his men will be captured and hung
  12. 12. John Brown
  13. 13. Other Events Cont. Harriet Beecher Stowe  Write book Uncle Tom’s Cabin in 1852  Book describes the humanity of slaves and the inhumanity of slavery  North- use this to defend abolition  South- say the book is full of lies and be angered by what they see as false information  Stowe will be called “The little lady who started the big War” by Pres. Lincoln
  14. 14. Sumner-Brooks Affair 1856  South Carolina Senator Preston Brooks attacks Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner on Senate floor in Washington, DC
  15. 15. Dred Scott v. Sandford March 1857 Dred Scott- slave suing for freedom (living in free territory) Court ruling 1. Slaves were not citizens and could not sue in federal court 2. Missouri Compromise unconstitutional- US could not forbid slavery in any territory Reaction Further divide North  North outraged and South  South- supportive over slavery issue
  16. 16. Rise of Republican Party andLincoln Republican Party- form around one issue---- Abolish Slavery Gain in strength throughout the 1850s Most famous and influential leader will be Abraham Lincoln
  17. 17. Abraham Lincoln Lincoln-Douglas Debates  During the Senate Race in 1858  Lincoln (Republican)- did not want immediate end to slavery but supported an end to expansion of slavery  Stephen Douglas (Democrat)- supported popular sovereignty Lincoln will lose the election His ideas will become central to Republican Party and help him win presidential election in 1860
  18. 18. Election of 1860 4 Candidates  Lincoln- Republican  2 Democrats- split the vote  1 third party Lincoln wins without a single electoral vote from South (South feels as if their votes no longer matter) Immediate result- Southern states start to secede (led by South Carolina)
  19. 19. Electionof 1860 *Lincolnwins withoutgetting asingleelectoral votefrom South
  20. 20. Southern Secession After Election of 1860- southern states secede (leave) the Union  Led by South Carolina  Set up the Confederate States of America ○ Constitution will permit slavery and give states most power  Elect Jefferson Davis as President of the Confederate States

×