Schlieffen Plan and U-Boat Warfare


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Schlieffen Plan and U-Boat Warfare

  1. 1. Germany’s Impact on World War I Presented by Aacha | Nathan | Miles | Shakwon
  2. 2. The Schlieffen Plan ● This plan was created by General Count Alfred von Schlieffen. ● Germany intended to invade France quickly through Belgium and Holland before Russia had a chance to mobilize. ● The plan was an effort to forcibly end the war by the means of force (see image)
  3. 3. The Schlieffen Plan ● In 1906 Von Schlieffen was replaced was by Von Moltke. ● Moltke altered the Schlieffen plan some. Instead of sending soldiers through Belgium, Luxembourg, and Holland, Moltke decided to avoid sending any soldiers through Holland.
  4. 4. Outcome of the Schlieffen Plan ● On August 2, 1914, Germany invaded Belgium and Luxembourg. However they were met with unexpected resistance in form of the Belgian army and the British Expeditionary Force who arrived shortly after. ● The Russian were able to mobilize their army in only ten days and Germany had to send troops back from Belgium to defend their eastern borders. ● Instead of trying to capture Paris, they attacked areas east of Paris. That is where the French met the Germans for the Battle of Marne, which ended Germany’s attack on France.
  5. 5. Unrestricted Submarine Warfare ● The British ship Lusitania got sinked by a German U-boat in 1915, this ship had thousands of people ● 1201 people drowned in the sinking and 128 Americans
  6. 6. The U-Boat The U-Boat was know was a Submarine. The Germans blocked Britain and snuck attack them by going under water in the Atlantic.
  7. 7. Unrestricted Submarine Warfare ● Countries Involved: America, Germany, and Britain ● introduced in WW1 in 1915 ● Germany declared the area around British and all of the neutral countries war zone would be attacked by Germany ● started a string of attacks on merchant ships ● the supreme army command endorsed the navy's opinion that unrestricted U-boat warfare against the British at sea could result in a German victory by the fall of 1917 ● pressured as he was by the armed forces and the hungry and frustrated German public, which was angered by the continuing Allied naval blockade and which supported aggressive action towards Germany's enemies ● Bethmann Hollweg said “We have been challenged to fight to the end. We accept the challenge. We stake everything, and we shall be victorious.”
  8. 8. Sources Used ● First World “Germany During World War I” ● History Learning Site “The Schlieffen Plan” ● Causes of WWI - Four Steps to War http://www.johndclare. net/causes_WWI4.htm ● German flag image from Wreck Site ● ● ● ● uk/gcselinks/wars/firstwwlinks/schlieffen_summary.html uk/gcselinks/wars/firstwwlinks/schlieffen_summary.html