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Roman Culture

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  • 1. Roman Culture
  • 2. Male Dominated Society
    • Men ruled family
    • Women and children considered property
    • Patir Familias – “Father” of family was eldest male
  • 3. Wealth of Rome
    • Rome was richest city on earth
    • Traded using extensive road network
    • “ All roads lead to Rome”
  • 4.  
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7. Roman Slave Trade
    • Romans traded heavily in slaves
    • Slaves came from all over empire
    • Many became gladiators
  • 8.  
  • 9. Gladiatorial Combat
    • Romans forced slaves to fight to the death
    • Some were freemen who wanted riches and fame
  • 10. Types of Gladiators
    • Different classes of gladiator
    • Modeled after conquered armies
    • Often re-created Roman battles
  • 11.  
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  • 18. Politics of Gladiators
    • Gladiator games were sponsored by high ranking Romans
    • Success of games affected success of political campaigns
    • Games sponsor was called the “Editor”
  • 19. The Coliseum
    • Built by Emperor Vespasian in 79 A.D.
    • Held over 80,000 people
    • Built with slave labor and new invention: concrete
  • 20.  
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  • 23. Spartacus
    • Thracian gladiator who led 3-year slave revolt
    • Pillaged and plundered through Rome
    • Slave population was very high in Rome – revolt serious problem
  • 24. Fall of Spartacus
    • Had 120,000 followers – men, women, children
    • Won several battles against better outfitted Legions
    • Forces split apart
    • ½ went to Gaul
    • ½ stayed in Italia
  • 25. Slave Crucifixion
    • 5,000 of Spartacus’ followers were crucified
    • Left to rot on the Apian Way for 10 years

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