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Geography 4500                Dr. FahrerManchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)                By: Jeff Bahls       ...
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)             Maps at 200 mile scale, with the respective regions shaded inIn ...
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)Both these regions have gone through several changes, and I would say themost...
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)               Where is Manchuria?                              Formally the ...
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)                            Russia    Mongolia                Valley Region  ...
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)Manchuria was originally settled by Tongus and Mongul nomads that became theM...
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)               Where is the Ruhr Valley?
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)                     During the 1870’s a large Turkish                     im...
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)                  Norway                           Denmark             Nether...
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)Resources: The Cause ofthese Regions Problems.                          ligni...
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)                  Previous Slide Map Key   C = coal   Pet = petrol   Mo = Mol...
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)   Not only were the two regions rich with natural resources, they   were maj...
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)                               Weather and ClimateClimate Chart for Cologne, ...
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)                                         In China,                           ...
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)   Typical picture of a communist worker in Industrial Manchuria
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)                            1870’s Population Chart                          ...
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)            Current picture of the Ruhr Valley
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)       Tactical Plans for the Soviet Invasion of Manchuria                   ...
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)      Aftermath of WWII Allied bombing of Cologne, note      that the allies ...
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)                                                   Timeline Title            ...
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)After 1912 when the Manchus lost controlof the region and China took over, va...
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)                                        Germanys and                         ...
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)Both Regions are reasonably stable, however; there is some plate activity aro...
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)     Religion: Each region due to its importance over history has     been ex...
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)            Questions? Comments? Rebuttals?
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)                                                      Bibliographywww.britann...
Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)                                                       Bibliographyhttp://geo...
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Geography Ruhr Vs. Manchuria

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Transcript of "Geography Ruhr Vs. Manchuria"

  1. 1. Geography 4500 Dr. FahrerManchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany) By: Jeff Bahls 8 November 2010
  2. 2. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)
  3. 3. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany) Maps at 200 mile scale, with the respective regions shaded inIn both cases these regions serve as the Core Industrial area for their respective countries.
  4. 4. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)Both these regions have gone through several changes, and I would say themost traumatic changes since the 1850’s to present day.Both areas have an abundance of ‘like’ resources that were critical for theindustrial revolution.Both have had other countries try to take these regions or control theseregions.Both experienced huge booms in population.Both had massive devastation in various forms.Both have diverse religious views.
  5. 5. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany) Where is Manchuria? Formally the region we consider to be Manchuria is actually much larger when considering population perspectives; Especially when we consider Japanese, Tibetans, Russian, Korean, and Chinese influences.
  6. 6. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany) Russia Mongolia Valley Region Korea Japan
  7. 7. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)Manchuria was originally settled by Tongus and Mongul nomads that became theManchus. The Manchus had conquered all of China, but then were pushed backagain. (See Time Line at the End. The region was heavily influenced by the Russians,then the Japanese, Soviet Union, and Finally Communist China. The Area in pink isstill under protest between Russia and China.
  8. 8. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany) Where is the Ruhr Valley?
  9. 9. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany) During the 1870’s a large Turkish immigration took place thanks in part to the extensive rail system. But given the importance of the region, many people come from France, Belgium, and the Netherlands.
  10. 10. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany) Norway Denmark Netherlands Rotterdam Belgium Luxemburg France
  11. 11. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)Resources: The Cause ofthese Regions Problems. lignite, generally yellow to dark brown or rarely black coal that formed from peat at shallow depths and temperatures lower than 100 C (212 F). It is the first product of coalification and is intermediate between peat and subbituminous coa
  12. 12. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany) Previous Slide Map Key C = coal Pet = petrol Mo = Molybdenum The Circle with 4th quad shaded = copper Mn = Manganese M = Mica Square with ‘x’ in it = Iron Ore (Pink) Square within Square = Meerschaum Triangle = Alumina Lig = Lignite Square with ‘x’ in it = Iron & Steel (Magenta) Pb = lead Zn = Zinc
  13. 13. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany) Not only were the two regions rich with natural resources, they were major food production centers as well.
  14. 14. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany) Weather and ClimateClimate Chart for Cologne, Germany Climate Chart for Changchun Weather fluctuates much more in Manchuria due to the large land mass and systems coming out of Mongolia. The Ruhr also has a more consistent rain fall. They both produce wheat as well as other crops.
  15. 15. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany) In China, sorghum is fermented and distilled to produce maotai, which is regarded as one of the countrys most famous liquors. Sorghum was ground and the flour was the main alternative to wheat in north China for a long time.
  16. 16. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)
  17. 17. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany) Typical picture of a communist worker in Industrial Manchuria
  18. 18. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)
  19. 19. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)
  20. 20. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany) 1870’s Population Chart comparing those born in Duisburg (Situated within the heart of the Ruhr Valley between the Rhine and Ruhr Rivers, to those that immigrated. This coincides with the development of the Railroad throughout the country.
  21. 21. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany) Current picture of the Ruhr Valley
  22. 22. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany) Tactical Plans for the Soviet Invasion of Manchuria (early 1945)
  23. 23. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany) Aftermath of WWII Allied bombing of Cologne, note that the allies took great care in not destroying the cathedral.
  24. 24. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany) Timeline Title 1873 All 1850-1914 Huge Reparations 1850 Coal major cities for WW I production in Germany immigration into is radically are the Ruhr Valley, Germany is to giv e RUHR VALLEY increased connected a large working France Coal 1870 Iron is by Railroad from the production pop. is needed is increased for Iron and Coal WW I WW II 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1912 Manchu fell area 1931 - 1945 1945 Sov iet 1890s now open to Chinese Japan Union inv ades immigration Russians Controls and strips 50% of 1905-05 Russo - Japanese war MANCHURIA created made Japan the dominant Manchuria Ind. Equipment. 1946 China Extensive influence. regained control Rail system 1894 Although not controlled by Japan it is heav ily influenced, Manchurian warlods seek help of Japan to gain controlCurrently both countries are working to restore the regions; China trying to re-industrialize China’s ‘Rust Belt started in the 1970’s and Germany in the 1980’s.and Germany through tourism
  25. 25. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)After 1912 when the Manchus lost controlof the region and China took over, vastnumbers of Chinese not of Nomadicdescent moved into the area. Rememberthat the Russians just prior to this point hadbeen exerted a strong influence fordecades. Also note that the rail line goes allthe way to Vietnam through Peking.
  26. 26. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany) Germanys and China’s rail system developed roughly at the same time. As with Manchuria which is connected to the capitol as well as several major cities, we see the same type development here. In both cases the rail system helped mass immigration.
  27. 27. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany)Both Regions are reasonably stable, however; there is some plate activity around Japanwhich is relatively close to Manchuria and in the North Sea (closer to Iceland) which isrelatively close to Ruhr Valley.
  28. 28. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany) Religion: Each region due to its importance over history has been exposed to many cultures and religions and while Manchuria has Buddhism followers there are significant numbers of Taoism and Confucianism. In Germany and specifically the Ruhr Valley, Catholicism is the dominate Christian religion, but it has significant numbers of Muslim / Islam (from the Turks) and Lutherans. Again the rapid mixture of cultures and ideologies stemmed from the need to import mass amounts of people into an area for industrialization, as well as the changing controlling government and its policies.
  29. 29. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany) Questions? Comments? Rebuttals?
  30. 30. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany) Bibliographywww.britannica.comwww.lib.utexas.eduwww.mapsofworld.com/chinawww.mapsofworld.com/germanyBix, Herbert P. (1992), "The Showa Emperors Monologue and the Problem of War Responsibility", Journal of JapaneseStudies 18 (2): 295–363Hoyt, Edwin P., Japans War: The Great Pacific Conflict, p.45Palmer and Colton, A History of Modern World, p.725Drea, E J. (1984). Missing Intentions : Japanese Intelligence and the Soviet Invasion of Manchuria, 1945. Military Affairs48(2): 66-73.Hayashi, S. (1955). Vol. XIII - Study of Strategic and Tactical peculiarities of Far Eastern Russia and Soviet Far East Forces.Japanese Special Studies on Manchuria. Tokyo, Military History Section, Headquarters, Army Forces Far East, US Army.King, W., C., (1922). King’s Complete History of the World War, The History Associates, Springfield Massachusetts.Jackson, J., H., (1997) Migration and urbanization in the Ruhr Valley, Humanities Press, Boston Massachusetts.
  31. 31. Manchuria Vs. Ruhr Valley (China Vs. Germany) Bibliographyhttp://geography.howstuffworks.com/asia/geography-of-manchuria.htmhttp://rwhiston.wordpress.com/2010/03/18/2/Moore, W. Robert. "In Manchuria Now." National Geographic (March 1947), 389-414.James, H., E., M., (1888) The Long White Mountain, or, A journey in Manchuria, pg. 203
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