By Jeff BahlsPolitical Geography 4205 Dr. Fahrer 11 April 2011
What thoughts do you have on China in Africa?Were you even aware that China is not only inAfrica, but plays a major role in almost all theAfrican countries?If aware, what do you think China is doing inAfrica, and why?Be conscience of these questions throughoutthe presentation.
China’s strategy with respect to Africa1. Supply of raw materials for China2. Create a market for Chinese products3. Obtain land for agricultural4. Migration of Chinese people to Africa5. Gain diplomatic support from African countries6. Present an alternative to the Western development model7. Provide an alternative to Western development cooperation8. Emphasize China’s status as a superpower
COLONIALISM:What brings anycountry to Africaand treat it asanything otherthan a colony?
Do these picturesrepresent China’s trueinterest in Africa?
“China is investing inSub-Saharan Africas infrastructure by contributing to the construction of roads, railways, dams and bridges.Technological know-how is being shared. China is of courseinterested in helping Africa in this way, so that its wealth of resources can more easily be extracted and used in Chinas booming economy.” (Blij, Muller and WinklerPrins 2009, 208)
Forum on China-African Cooperation China views the African countries as developmental possibilities into full fledged trading partners, and not as colonies as reflected inhttp://www.focac.org/eng/ Chinese aid and projects
Comments Nigerian diplomat in Beijing: “The Chinese have an advantage of not having a colonial hangover. Whatever the Chinese do for Africa is very credible in our eyes. You have to understand this. We think maybe we can learn something from the Chinese.”http://www.focac.org/eng/
Comments China is a different as a donor and strategic partner because it is also a developing country, and its development success give it a great deal of credibility as a partner with relevant recent experience. Liberia’s former Finance Minister Antoinette Sayeh commented, “ Clearly, for us, in Africa, we have a lot to learn from China, beyond its financial capacity to assist. China has made the mosthttp://www.focac.org/eng/ progress over the past several decades in reducing poverty. That experience is of great interest to us.”
CommentsThe previous comments are made about China becauseof the aid China received primarily from Japan afterWWII. Japan treated China as a mutual tradingpartner, not just a territory to colonize. This situationboosted both economies up. China quickly realizedthat as itself a developing country it can only benefit byreplicating the kind of aid it received to othercountries. Where in the world are there manyunderdeveloped countries to build trading partners?Africa!
Comments Since Communist China is still very secretive about its financial dealings, all charts / graphs are estimates by the originators sources and seem to conflict with others. But the one thing that can be agreed upon is that China has invested heavily in Africa.http://www.focac.org/eng/
Sudan “China also supported Khartoum diplomatically, insisting that theUnited Nations get Khartoum’s permission before sending UN troops tohelp police in Darfur. They watered down or abstained from SecurityCouncil resolutions to impose economic sanctions. “We don’t believe inembargoes,” a senior Chinese official said. “That just means that the peoplesuffer. From a practical consideration, embargoes and sanctions can’t solveproblems, just like armed invasion cannot solve problems.” China’sbusiness-as-usual engagement with Khartoum continued, even as a chorusof criticism swelled. “There may able profit to China in turning a blind eyeto all of this,: a report for The Economist concluded, “but there is no honor.” Then China began to change. During a state visit to Sudan in early2007, Chinese President Hu Jintao held “frank” discussions with Sudan’sPresident Bashir. “Usually China doesn’t send messages, but this time theydid,” China’s UN ambassador said, emphasizing: “it was a clear, strongmessage.” Sudan had to agree to the UN proposal to send joint UN-AfricanUnion peacekeepers to Darfur. China “never twists arms,” the ambassadorsaid, but Sudan “got the message.” (Brautigam 2009, 283).
Merowe Dam in SudanAirport construction inKhartoum
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Forum on China-African Cooperation. China strengthening Africa’s infrastructure base. Available at http://www.focac.org/eng/jlydh/xzhd/t674046.htmOgunkola E. O., Bankole A. S. China-Nigeria Economic Relations – AERC Scoping Studies on China-Africa Relations. 2008. available at http://www.aercafrica.org/documents/china_africa_relations/Nigeria.pdfRotberg, R. I., 2008. China into Africa: Trade, Aid and Influence. Baltimore, MD: Brookings Institution PressStiftung H. B., 2010. Chinese and African Perspectives on China in Africa. Kampala Uganda: Pambazuka Press.U.S. Energy Information Administration. Country Analysis Briefs. Available at http://www.eia.doe.gov/cabs/index.htmlhttp://exploringafrica.matrix.msu.edu/teachers/curriculum/m6/activity4.phphttp://www.aercafrica.org/documents/china_africa_relations/Nigeria.pdf