By                 Jeff BahlsPolitical Geography 4205                Dr. Fahrer              11 April 2011
What thoughts do you have on China in Africa?Were you even aware that China is not only inAfrica, but plays a major role i...
China’s strategy with respect to Africa1. Supply of raw materials for China2. Create a market for Chinese products3. Obtai...
COLONIALISM:What brings anycountry to Africaand treat it asanything otherthan a colony?
Mineral Resources                                    African Countries                               World Reach/Exploring...
Mineral Resources                                  African Countries                             World Reach/Exploring Afr...
Has colonialism lefta legacy?
Do these picturesrepresent China’s trueinterest in Africa?
“China is investing inSub-Saharan Africas   infrastructure by contributing to the    construction of    roads, railways,  ...
Forum on China-African                            Cooperation                            China views the African countries...
Comments                            Nigerian diplomat in Beijing:                            “The Chinese have an advantag...
Comments                            China is a different as a donor and                            strategic partner becau...
CommentsThe previous comments are made about China becauseof the aid China received primarily from Japan afterWWII. Japan ...
Comments                            Since Communist China is                            still very secretive about its    ...
Just how involved is China with Africa?
Aid / Investment Structuring
Aid / Investment Structuring
But why Africa?
Where are thedevelopingChina’sundeveloped andunpopulated oilfields?
Is China now trying to colonize Africa?
Nigeria
75 10 290   20              5                        2700                               Restaurant8300                    ...
Sudan
Sudan          “China also supported Khartoum diplomatically, insisting that theUnited Nations get Khartoum’s permission b...
Merowe Dam in SudanAirport construction inKhartoum
Angola
What do you think?
Alden, C. 2007. China in Africa. New York, N.Y.: Zed Books Ltd.Brautigam, D. 2009. The Dragon’s Gift. New York, N.Y.: Oxfo...
Forum on China-African Cooperation. China strengthening Africa’s        infrastructure base. Available at        http://ww...
Chinese Involvement In Africa2
Chinese Involvement In Africa2
Chinese Involvement In Africa2
Chinese Involvement In Africa2
Chinese Involvement In Africa2
Chinese Involvement In Africa2
Chinese Involvement In Africa2
Chinese Involvement In Africa2
Chinese Involvement In Africa2
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Chinese Involvement In Africa2

  1. 1. By Jeff BahlsPolitical Geography 4205 Dr. Fahrer 11 April 2011
  2. 2. What thoughts do you have on China in Africa?Were you even aware that China is not only inAfrica, but plays a major role in almost all theAfrican countries?If aware, what do you think China is doing inAfrica, and why?Be conscience of these questions throughoutthe presentation.
  3. 3. China’s strategy with respect to Africa1. Supply of raw materials for China2. Create a market for Chinese products3. Obtain land for agricultural4. Migration of Chinese people to Africa5. Gain diplomatic support from African countries6. Present an alternative to the Western development model7. Provide an alternative to Western development cooperation8. Emphasize China’s status as a superpower
  4. 4. COLONIALISM:What brings anycountry to Africaand treat it asanything otherthan a colony?
  5. 5. Mineral Resources African Countries World Reach/Exploring Africa Country Agriculture Mineral ALGERIA wheat, oats, olives petroleum ANGOLA coffee, bananas, maize petroleum, diamonds BENIN coffee, cocoa, yams petroleum BOTSWANA maize, sorghum, livestock diamonds BURKINA FASO ground nuts, cotton, sorghum manganese, limestone BURUNDI coffee, cotton, maize gold CAMEROON coffee, cocoa, cassava petroleum, aluminum CAPE VERDE bananas, maize, fish saltCENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC cassava, millet, cotton diamonds CHAD cotton, millet, sorghum uranium COMOROS vanilla, copra, bananas, fish ____ CONGO (Brazzaville) rice, groundnuts, maize petroleum, diamonds CONGO (Kinshasa) cassava, maize, coffee, rubber copper, diamonds, cobalt, gold, zinc COTE DIVOIRE coffee, cocoa, timber, maize, rice petroleum, diamonds, manganese DJIBOUTI sheep, goats, fruit ____ EGYPT cotton, rice, maize, fruit petroleum, iron ore, phosphates EQUATORIAL GUINEA timber, coffee, rice, yams petroleum ERITREA sorghum, lentils, fish, livestock gold, potash, zinc ETHIOPIA coffee, tiv, pulses, livestock gold, , copper GABON cocoa, coffee, oil palm, cassava petroleum, manganese GAMBIA groundnuts, millet, sorghum, rice _____ GHANA cocoa, cassava, groundnuts, maize gold, bauxite, manganese GUINEA rice, coffee, pineapples, cassava bauxite, iron ore, uranium GUINEA-BISSAU rice, maize, cassava, fish bauxite, phosphates KENYA coffee, tea, maize, sugarcane, livestock limestone, soda ash, rubies LESOTHO livestock, maize, sorghum water (hydro) LIBERIA rubber, timber, rice, cassava iron ore, diamonds LIBYA wheat, olives, dates petroleum, gypsum
  6. 6. Mineral Resources African Countries World Reach/Exploring Africa MADAGASCAR coffee, vanilla, sugar, timber graphite, chromite, coal, bauxite MALAWI tobacco, tea, maize, cassava limestone MALI cotton, livestock, millet, rice gold, phosphates MAURITANIA fish, livestock, millet, rice iron ore, gypsum, copper MOROCCO wheat, barley, citrus, dates phosphates, iron ore, manganese MOZAMBIQUE cotton, cashew nuts, maize, cassava coal, titanium NAMIBIA millet, sorghum, livestock diamonds, copper, uranium, gold NIGER cotton, millet, sorghum, cassava uranium, coal, iron ore NIGERI A cocoa, groundnuts, palm oil, maize, sorghum petroleum, tin, columbite, iron ore RWANDA coffee, tea, sorghum, beans, bananas gold, tin oreSAO TOME & PRINCIPE fish, palm kernels, bananas _______ SENEGAL cotton, groundnuts, sorghum, rice phosphates, iron ore SEYCHELLES coconuts, cinnamon, vanilla, cassava ______ SIERRA LEONE rice, coffee, palm kernels diamonds, bauxite, iron ore SOMALIA bananas, sorghum, fruits, livestock uranium SOUTH AFRICA maize, wheat, sugar, fruits, livestock, poultry gold, diamonds, uranium, chromium SUDAN cotton, sorghum, millet petroleum, iron ore, copper SWAZILAND sugar, maize, fruits, timber asbestos, coal, clay TANZANIA coffee, tea, cotton, maize, cassava tin, phosphates, iron ore, diamonds TOGO coffee, cocoa, yams, cassava, maize phosphates, limestone TUNISIA olives, dates, citrus, wheat petroleum, phosphates, iron ore UGANDA coffee, tea, cassava, maize, bananas copper, cobalt WESTERN SAHARA fish, livestock phosphates, iron ore ZAMBIA maize, sorghum, groundnuts copper, cobalt, zinc, lead ZIMBABWE cotton, tobacco, maize, livestock coal, chromium ore, asbestos
  7. 7. Has colonialism lefta legacy?
  8. 8. Do these picturesrepresent China’s trueinterest in Africa?
  9. 9. “China is investing inSub-Saharan Africas infrastructure by contributing to the construction of roads, railways, dams and bridges.Technological know-how is being shared. China is of courseinterested in helping Africa in this way, so that its wealth of resources can more easily be extracted and used in Chinas booming economy.” (Blij, Muller and WinklerPrins 2009, 208)
  10. 10. Forum on China-African Cooperation China views the African countries as developmental possibilities into full fledged trading partners, and not as colonies as reflected inhttp://www.focac.org/eng/ Chinese aid and projects
  11. 11. Comments Nigerian diplomat in Beijing: “The Chinese have an advantage of not having a colonial hangover. Whatever the Chinese do for Africa is very credible in our eyes. You have to understand this. We think maybe we can learn something from the Chinese.”http://www.focac.org/eng/
  12. 12. Comments China is a different as a donor and strategic partner because it is also a developing country, and its development success give it a great deal of credibility as a partner with relevant recent experience. Liberia’s former Finance Minister Antoinette Sayeh commented, “ Clearly, for us, in Africa, we have a lot to learn from China, beyond its financial capacity to assist. China has made the mosthttp://www.focac.org/eng/ progress over the past several decades in reducing poverty. That experience is of great interest to us.”
  13. 13. CommentsThe previous comments are made about China becauseof the aid China received primarily from Japan afterWWII. Japan treated China as a mutual tradingpartner, not just a territory to colonize. This situationboosted both economies up. China quickly realizedthat as itself a developing country it can only benefit byreplicating the kind of aid it received to othercountries. Where in the world are there manyunderdeveloped countries to build trading partners?Africa!
  14. 14. Comments Since Communist China is still very secretive about its financial dealings, all charts / graphs are estimates by the originators sources and seem to conflict with others. But the one thing that can be agreed upon is that China has invested heavily in Africa.http://www.focac.org/eng/
  15. 15. Just how involved is China with Africa?
  16. 16. Aid / Investment Structuring
  17. 17. Aid / Investment Structuring
  18. 18. But why Africa?
  19. 19. Where are thedevelopingChina’sundeveloped andunpopulated oilfields?
  20. 20. Is China now trying to colonize Africa?
  21. 21. Nigeria
  22. 22. 75 10 290 20 5 2700 Restaurant8300 Rubber Motorcycles Telecomms In Telecomm Svc Millions Refineries Rail
  23. 23. Sudan
  24. 24. Sudan “China also supported Khartoum diplomatically, insisting that theUnited Nations get Khartoum’s permission before sending UN troops tohelp police in Darfur. They watered down or abstained from SecurityCouncil resolutions to impose economic sanctions. “We don’t believe inembargoes,” a senior Chinese official said. “That just means that the peoplesuffer. From a practical consideration, embargoes and sanctions can’t solveproblems, just like armed invasion cannot solve problems.” China’sbusiness-as-usual engagement with Khartoum continued, even as a chorusof criticism swelled. “There may able profit to China in turning a blind eyeto all of this,: a report for The Economist concluded, “but there is no honor.” Then China began to change. During a state visit to Sudan in early2007, Chinese President Hu Jintao held “frank” discussions with Sudan’sPresident Bashir. “Usually China doesn’t send messages, but this time theydid,” China’s UN ambassador said, emphasizing: “it was a clear, strongmessage.” Sudan had to agree to the UN proposal to send joint UN-AfricanUnion peacekeepers to Darfur. China “never twists arms,” the ambassadorsaid, but Sudan “got the message.” (Brautigam 2009, 283).
  25. 25. Merowe Dam in SudanAirport construction inKhartoum
  26. 26. Angola
  27. 27. What do you think?
  28. 28. Alden, C. 2007. China in Africa. New York, N.Y.: Zed Books Ltd.Brautigam, D. 2009. The Dragon’s Gift. New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press.De Blij, H. J., Muller, P. O., WinklerPrins, A. M. G. A., 2009. The World Today: Concepts and Regions in Geography 4th ed. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons.Van Dijk, M. P. The New Presence of China in Africa. The Netherlands: Amsterdam University Press“Africa: China’s Great Leap into the Continent,” UN Office for the Coordinator of Humanitarian Affairs, Humanitarian News and Analysis, March 23, 2006, available at: www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportID=58530 (accessed May 22, 2009).Council on Foreign Relations. China, Africa and Oil. Available at http://www.cfr.org/china/china-africa-oil/p9557
  29. 29. Forum on China-African Cooperation. China strengthening Africa’s infrastructure base. Available at http://www.focac.org/eng/jlydh/xzhd/t674046.htmOgunkola E. O., Bankole A. S. China-Nigeria Economic Relations – AERC Scoping Studies on China-Africa Relations. 2008. available at http://www.aercafrica.org/documents/china_africa_relations/Nigeria.pdfRotberg, R. I., 2008. China into Africa: Trade, Aid and Influence. Baltimore, MD: Brookings Institution PressStiftung H. B., 2010. Chinese and African Perspectives on China in Africa. Kampala Uganda: Pambazuka Press.U.S. Energy Information Administration. Country Analysis Briefs. Available at http://www.eia.doe.gov/cabs/index.htmlhttp://exploringafrica.matrix.msu.edu/teachers/curriculum/m6/activity4.phphttp://www.aercafrica.org/documents/china_africa_relations/Nigeria.pdf

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