Domain of Teaching
Profession and Roles and
Tasks of Teacher
created by :
Dian Armadani Ritonga 4103312012
Maria Priscillya Pasaribu 4103312018
Bilingual Mathematics 2010
State University of Medan
Domain of teaching are grouped into three
domains, they are :
A. Domain of Teaching
1) Professional Knowledge
Teachers draw on a body of professional knowledge
and research to respond to the needs of their
students within their educational contexts.
Teachers know their students well, including their
diverse linguistic, cultural and religious
backgrounds. They know how the experiences that
students bring to their classroom affect their
continued learning. They know how to structure
their lessons to meet the physical, social and
intellectual development and characteristics of their
Teachers know the content of their subjects and
curriculum. They know and understand the
fundamental concepts, structure and enquiry
processes relevant to programs they teach. Teachers
understand what constitutes effective,
developmentally appropriate strategies in their
learning and teaching programs and use this
knowledge to make the content meaningful to
Through their teaching practice, teachers develop
students' literacy and numeracy within their subject
2) Professional Practice
Teachers are able to make learning engaging and valued.
They are able to create and maintain safe, inclusive and
challenging learning environments and implement fair
and equitable behaviour management plans.
Teachers have a repertoire of effective teaching strategies
and use them to implement well-designed teaching
programs and lessons. They regularly evaluate all
aspects of their teaching practice to ensure they are
meeting the learning needs of their students. They
interpret and use student assessment data to diagnose
barriers to learning and to challenge students to
improve their performance.
They operate effectively at all stages of the teaching and
learning cycle, including planning for learning and
assessment, developing learning programs, teaching,
assessing, providing feedback on student learning and
reporting to parents/carrers.
2) Professional Engagement
Teachers model effective learning. They identify their
own learning needs and analyze, evaluate and
expand their professional learning, both collegially
Teachers demonstrate respect and professionalism in
all their interactions with students, colleagues,
parents/carrers and the community. They are
sensitive to the needs of parents/carrers and can
communicate effectively with them about their
Teachers value opportunities to engage with their
school communities within and beyond the
classroom to enrich the educational context for
students. They understand the links between school,
home and community in the social and intellectual
development of their students.
• This following table tell the standards of each
domain of teaching.
1. Know Students and how they learn
2. Know the content and how to teach it
3. Plan for and implement effective
teaching and learning
4. Create and maintain supportive and
safe learning environments
5. Assess, provide feedback and report on
5. Engage in professional learning
6. Engage professionally with colleagues,
parents/ careers and the community
As described previously, the teacher serves as a
professional educator with the major task of
educating, teaching, guiding, directing, training,
assessing and evaluating students in the formal
education. One of experts suggests that teachers act as
designer, activator, evaluator and motivator described
B. The Roles of Teacher
Teachers as planner is compiling academic
activities or curriculum and learning, organize
student activities, formulate infrastructure needs
and financing sources estimating school
operations, and relationships with parents,
communities, stakeholders and relevant agencies.
1. Teacher as Planner
Teachers must have a certain personal quality
standards, which include responsibility, authority and
discipline. With regard to the authority of the teacher
should have an advantage in realizing the value of
spiritual, emotional, moral, social, intellectual in him,
and has the advantages of science and understanding
science , technology, and art which was developed in
accordance with the field. While discipline meant that
teachers must follow various rules and regulations
consistently, the professional consciousness because
they fatherly duty to discipline students in school,
especially in learning. Therefore, teachers should start
instilling discipline of its own, in a variety of actions
2. Teacher as Educators
Teachers said as activator is the mobilizers that
encourage and activate system of school organization.
A teacher must have the intellectual ability.
To encourage and activate the school system
forward does require the ability to streamline the
brilliant performance of human resources optimally
and sustainably. From this ambition and vision, the
teacher as activator is expected to have a sense of
responsibility, a sense of belonging, and a sense to
promote the institution school as an the big tent to
dedicate their lives.
3. Teacher as Activator
Teachers as an evaluator, is doing evaluation /
assessment of the activities that have been undertaken
in the school system.
Evaluation or assessment is the most complex
aspects of learning, because it involves a lot of
background and relationships, as well as variables
that have meaning when related to the context in
which it is almost impossible to be separated by any
4. Teacher as Evaluator
As a process, the assessments are conducted with
the principles and the appropriate techniques, may
test or non-test. Either technique, the assessment
should be done with clear procedures, which includes
three stages: preparation, implementation and follow-
up. In addition to assessing learners, teachers must
also assess themselves as both a planner and evaluator
of learning programs. Therefore he must have
sufficient knowledge about the assessment program
which understands assessment of learning outcomes.
Teacher as a motivator means teacher as a
motivator as students in order to increase driving
excitement and development of student learning
The teacher as a motivator should be able to know
the motives that led to the low power of student
learning that can lead to decreased academic
achievement. Teachers should stimulate and provide
encouragement and reinforcement to revive the
passion and enthusiasm of student learning.
4. Teacher as Motivator
Some of the efforts of teachers in providing motivation
to learn, is as follows:
Encourage Students’ Interest
Create fun atmosphere in learning
Teachers regarded as the most
knowledgeable. He not only obliged to deliver
its knowledge to the students, but also
obligate to develop knowledge and
continually cultivates knowledge he had. In
this century, where science and technology is
growing rapidly, the teacher must follow and
adjust to these developments. Many ways can
be done, eg, self-study, conduct research,
attend courses, writing books, and making
scientific writings that his role as a scientist
5. Teacher as Scientist
Expanding Role of Teachers in schools
In the future, the teacher's role will be more strategic,
though not necessarily be construed as the most
dominant in terms of learning. Teachers are no longer
limited to only work manually, but had to be more
familiar with the instrument of information and
communication technology. This implies a change in
their attitudes and behavior in carrying out their
duties. Thus future teachers should be able to play the
role as follows:
In order to realize its role as a confidant and advisor in
more depth, he must understand the psychology of
personality and mental health sciences. Among living
creatures on this planet, humans are unique creatures, and
even develop a unique character as well. Being what he is,
is strongly influenced by the experience, the learning
environment and education. To become an adult human,
humans must learn from the environment during life by
using their strengths and weaknesses. Psychological
approach to mental health and above teachers will go a
long way in its function as an advisory has been widely
known that he had a lot of help learners to be able to make
their own decisions.
1. Teacher as Advisor
Teachers who have past experience translate into a
meaningful life for students. In this case there is a
deep and wide chasm between the generations with
each other, as well as parents who experience more
than our grandmothers. Teacher's task here is to
understand how the gaps are, and how to bridge them
effectively. So the basis is those thoughts and ways are
used to express the pattern formed by the time used.
Language is a tool for thinking, through observations
made and arrange the words and save the brain, there
was an understanding of the learning outcomes.
2. Teacher as Innovator
Teacher is a model or example for the students and all
those who consider him as a teacher. There is a tendency
to assume that this role is not easy to resist. Being a role
model is the basic of the learning activity, and when a
teacher does not want to accept or use it constructively so
have reduced the effectiveness of learning. The role and
functions should be understood and should not need to
be a burdensome expense so, by skill and humility will
enrich the meaning of the learning.
3. Teacher as a Model and Example
What will be models for students from teacher are :
•Talk and speech style
•Attitudes by experience of error
•The process of thinking
D. The Tasks of Teacher
Teachers have a lot of tasks, both of which are bound by
duty and off duty, in the form of DEDICATION.
Teacher is a profession that requires special skills as
a teacher and can not be done by anyone outside the
field of education.
Proffesion sector, includes :
I. Educating : forward and develop the values of live
II. Teaching : forward and develop science and
III. Excercising : develope creativity of students
At school, teacher should be able to make himself as both
parents that are able to attract sympathy so that he became
a favorite of the students, and a motivation for students to
Society puts teachers in a more prominent place in their
environment because of a teacher is expected to acquire the
knowledge. This means that teachers are obliged to educate
the nation towards the establishment of a human being in
Indonesia based on Pancasila.
In the concept of teacher education, LPTK
asserted that the task of teacher includes the
personal task, social and professional tasks,
thus the required components are also related
to personal competence, social competence, and
professional competence. In this discussion we
discussed the three tasks the teacher.
This personal task concerns teacher’s personal, it is why
every teacher needs to look at her and understand the
concept itself. In his book, Student teacher in Action, P
Wiggens writes about self-portrait as an educator, he wrote
that a teacher should be able to look in the mirror at himself.
When he reflect on himself, he will see not one person, but
three persons, they are:
I am with my self-concept (self Concept).
I am with my self-idea (self Idea).
I am with my self-reality (self Reality).
After teaching the teacher must hold a learner reflection. He
was asking myself, is there the results obtained from the
students? Or after finishing teaching he asked himself
whether the student understands what he taught?
The mission of teachers is a humanitarian mission.
Teaching and learning is the task of humanizing
mankind. Teachers have asocial duty. According
Langeveld, teacher is a speaker age. And article of Ir,
Sukarno of "The teacher is in Development". He
mentioned the importance of teachers in its development.
Teacher's task is to serve the community. It is therefore
the task of the teacher is the duty of human services.
3. Professional Task
As a profession, teachers carry out the role of the
profession. As the role of the profession, teachers have
professional qualifications, as noted, was a professional
qualification among others are expected to master the
knowledge that he can give some knowledge to students
with good results.
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