pragmatist poetics
in interaction
design
Rung-Huei Liang
Taiwan Tech
Aug., 2013
13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
outlines
• Theoretical Studies & Related work
• Poetic Interaction Design as a Paradigm
• Design Cases
• Discussion and Co...
Users’ needs and
paradigms
Functionality
Usability
Pleasure
Engineering
Cognition
Phenomenology
Jordan’s hierarchy Harriso...
Higher needs in HCI
• Aesthetics & Poetics
13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
Aesthetic Interaction
as...
• logics of expressions for accepting things in
our lives (Hallnäs and Redström)
• interaction...
Aesthetics with
Pragmatist’s turn
• Phenomenology of Perception as a stance: no
absolute aesthetics (Hummels & Overbeeke)
...
Pragmatist poetics
• understand what poetic interaction is by asking
what it does
• embody a real poem in daily practice.
...
Poetics vs. Aesthetics
• not necessarily related to beauty
• not always perfect
• not about completion
• not rational, not...
Poetic Interaction
Design
• a vague term
• an intangible notion
• how about seeing poetic interaction
design as a paradigm...
Research Questions
• What are the basic beliefs of poetic interaction
design paradigm?
• What is the relationship between ...
Theoretical Studies
• Poetic Wisdom (Vico, 1744)
• Phenomenology of Poetics (Bachelard, 1994)
• Metaphors and Poetics (Lak...
Poetic Wisdom (Vico)
• Poetic character: nature human instincts
• Wisdom: the power of reflection and
reasoning
• Imaginati...
Phenomenology of
poetics (Bachelard)
• “a sincere impulse toward admiration is always
necessary if we are to receive pheno...
Metaphors & Poetics
• Metaphors: central to the understanding, not
only rhetorical (Lakoff & Johnson, 1980)
• Poetic metap...
Related Work
• Poetic Design (Ionascu, 2010)
• Poetic Interaction Design (Kolko, 2007)
13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
Poetic Design (Ionascu)
• a class of objects beyond instrumental (functional,
practical) power
• ‘Play could become a crea...
Poetic Interaction
Design (Kolko)
• A type of reflective and emotional design
• (It) “resonates immediately but continues t...
Poetic Interaction
design as a Paradigm
• Epistemological stance: a pragmatist
and constructivist approach to poetics
• Me...
Epistemological Stance
• Designerly ways of knowing poetics
• Poetics as experience
• Embodied poetics
13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
Framework (Verplank’s)
13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
Tangible Interaction
Design Framework
13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
Material Imagination
(Bachelard)
• Material imagination is an idea that comes from
contact with nature.
• Material imagina...
Four types of
Imaginations
• Material imagination
• Expression imagination
• Function imagination
• Form imagination
13年10...
POETIC MATERIAL
• The material itself of an artifact eliciting poetic
imagination
• a novel, alternative, or uncommon usag...
POETIC EXPRESSION
13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
Poetic Function
• a novel interaction verb
• slightly strangeness in collocation
13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
Poetic Form
• the shape or affordance that stimulates poetic
imagination.
13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
Poetic Interaction
design Cases
13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
Poetic Expression
13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
Poetic Function
Tech Tap (Pega Design)
13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
Poetic Material
History Tablecloth (image © RCA Equatorr projectect)
13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
Poetic Form
Ripple by Poetic Lab + Studio Shikai
13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
Poetic Form
Surface Daylight © Daniel Rybakken
13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
Discussion
• ‘Wicked problems’?
• Problem-solving?
• Critical Design: learning by questioning
• Reflective Design: providin...
Discussion
• Ambiguity & Ludic values
• Mythical world as underlining belief of life
(Vico)
• to give sense and passion to...
Conclusion
• construct poetic interaction design as a
paradigm
• practical framework
• seeing Poetic Interaction Design as...
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Pragmatist Poetics in Interaction Design

  1. 1. pragmatist poetics in interaction design Rung-Huei Liang Taiwan Tech Aug., 2013 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  2. 2. outlines • Theoretical Studies & Related work • Poetic Interaction Design as a Paradigm • Design Cases • Discussion and Conclusion 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  3. 3. Users’ needs and paradigms Functionality Usability Pleasure Engineering Cognition Phenomenology Jordan’s hierarchy Harrison’s paradigms 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  4. 4. Higher needs in HCI • Aesthetics & Poetics 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  5. 5. Aesthetic Interaction as... • logics of expressions for accepting things in our lives (Hallnäs and Redström) • interaction gestalt and attributes for aesthetics (Lim et al.) • attention to “the richness of a system’s appearance, interaction, and potential roles (Djajadiningrat et al.) • graceful interaction (Hashim et al.) 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  6. 6. Aesthetics with Pragmatist’s turn • Phenomenology of Perception as a stance: no absolute aesthetics (Hummels & Overbeeke) • Seeking definite definitions might lead to endless argument • Analytic Aesthetics vs. Pragmatist Aesthetics (Shusterman) • Pragmatist Aesthetics as a strong theoretical basis for designing interactive systems (Peterson et al.) 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  7. 7. Pragmatist poetics • understand what poetic interaction is by asking what it does • embody a real poem in daily practice. 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  8. 8. Poetics vs. Aesthetics • not necessarily related to beauty • not always perfect • not about completion • not rational, not always consistent • not reflective • not a logic of expression • not emotional pleasing 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  9. 9. Poetic Interaction Design • a vague term • an intangible notion • how about seeing poetic interaction design as a paradigm? 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  10. 10. Research Questions • What are the basic beliefs of poetic interaction design paradigm? • What is the relationship between the design researcher and knowledge from designing poetic interaction? • What kinds of methodology and tactics are appropriate for poetic interaction design? • What is there that can be known as poetic interaction? 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  11. 11. Theoretical Studies • Poetic Wisdom (Vico, 1744) • Phenomenology of Poetics (Bachelard, 1994) • Metaphors and Poetics (Lakoff & Johnson, 1980) 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  12. 12. Poetic Wisdom (Vico) • Poetic character: nature human instincts • Wisdom: the power of reflection and reasoning • Imagination: the center of poetic character 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  13. 13. Phenomenology of poetics (Bachelard) • “a sincere impulse toward admiration is always necessary if we are to receive phenomenological benefit of a poetic image” • poetics associates to “unfinalization” or “implicitness.” • material imagination vs. formal imagination 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  14. 14. Metaphors & Poetics • Metaphors: central to the understanding, not only rhetorical (Lakoff & Johnson, 1980) • Poetic metaphors vs. prosaic metaphors (Numberg, 1987) 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  15. 15. Related Work • Poetic Design (Ionascu, 2010) • Poetic Interaction Design (Kolko, 2007) 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  16. 16. Poetic Design (Ionascu) • a class of objects beyond instrumental (functional, practical) power • ‘Play could become a creative design process embodying uncommon forms of use that regenerate a poetics of everyday life” 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  17. 17. Poetic Interaction Design (Kolko) • A type of reflective and emotional design • (It) “resonates immediately but continues to inform later” • “nearly always subtle, yet mindful.” • reflection ? reasoning activity about poetics • I argue: felt experience of poetics itself 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  18. 18. Poetic Interaction design as a Paradigm • Epistemological stance: a pragmatist and constructivist approach to poetics • Methodology: A framework based on Verplank’s • Ontological implication 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  19. 19. Epistemological Stance • Designerly ways of knowing poetics • Poetics as experience • Embodied poetics 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  20. 20. Framework (Verplank’s) 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  21. 21. 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  22. 22. Tangible Interaction Design Framework 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  23. 23. Material Imagination (Bachelard) • Material imagination is an idea that comes from contact with nature. • Material imagination vs. formal imagination • 4 elements: earth, water, fire, air. 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  24. 24. Four types of Imaginations • Material imagination • Expression imagination • Function imagination • Form imagination 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  25. 25. POETIC MATERIAL • The material itself of an artifact eliciting poetic imagination • a novel, alternative, or uncommon usage of a specific material. • Material: indicating literally physical matters, or metaphorically, issues and topics. 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  26. 26. POETIC EXPRESSION 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  27. 27. Poetic Function • a novel interaction verb • slightly strangeness in collocation 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  28. 28. Poetic Form • the shape or affordance that stimulates poetic imagination. 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  29. 29. Poetic Interaction design Cases 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  30. 30. Poetic Expression 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  31. 31. Poetic Function Tech Tap (Pega Design) 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  32. 32. Poetic Material History Tablecloth (image © RCA Equatorr projectect) 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  33. 33. Poetic Form Ripple by Poetic Lab + Studio Shikai 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  34. 34. Poetic Form Surface Daylight © Daniel Rybakken 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  35. 35. Discussion • ‘Wicked problems’? • Problem-solving? • Critical Design: learning by questioning • Reflective Design: providing conscious awareness 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  36. 36. Discussion • Ambiguity & Ludic values • Mythical world as underlining belief of life (Vico) • to give sense and passion to insensate things (Vico) rather than to solve ‘wicked problems’ in the functional world. • Imagination upon unknowing things (Vico) 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
  37. 37. Conclusion • construct poetic interaction design as a paradigm • practical framework • seeing Poetic Interaction Design as an ontology of interaction design 13年10月7⽇日星期⼀一
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